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The Effect of the Physical Environment on Consumers’ Perceptions: A Review of the Retailing Research on External Shopping Environment

., Milliman, R. Atmospheric effects on shopping behavior: A review of the experimental evidence. Journal of Business Research , Vol. 49, 2000, pp. 193–211. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0148-2963(99)00010-7 8. De Nisco, A., Warnaby, G. Shopping in downtown: The effect of urban environment on service quality perception and behavioural intentions. International Journal of Retail & Distribution Management , Vol. 41, Issue 9, 2013, 654–670. http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/IJRDM-05-2013-0106 9. Stocchi, L., Hart, C., Haji, I. Understanding the town centre customer

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Bojkovice: Transformation of a peripheral micro-region at the Czech-Slovak border

., 2010: Agriculture and landscape in the 21st century Europe: the post-communist transition. In: European Countryside, Vol. 2, Issue 1, De Gruyter, pp. 13-24. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/v10091-010-0002-8 Bosworth, G., and Willett, J., 2011: Embeddedness or escapism? Rural perceptions and economic development in Cornwall and Northumberland. In: Sociologia Ruralis, Vol. 51, Issue 2, Wiley, pp. 195-214. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9523.2011.00533.x Bufon, M., 2013: Researching elements of the cross-border social cohesion: the

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Post-industrial university towns and the triple helix concept: case studies of Bristol, Sheffield, Novosibirsk and Tomsk

perception of higher education institutions as being elite and closed. The examples of Tomsk and Novosibirsk indicate the willingness of local universities to act as ideas generators. However, problems complicating the implementation of the Triple Helix model prevent them from playing that role: the stakeholders in local economic activities do not always have the capacity to apply the research capabilities of universities, which is partly a problem inherited from the Soviet era ( Mingaleva, 2012 ). Difficulties in introducing prototypes elaborated at the universities, as

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Local planning attitudes: Comparative content analysis of municipal director plans of shrinking Portuguese cities

population ageing and/or population shrinkage are long-term processes with severe consequences for municipalities and their population that will become even more acute, and adequate and adapted strategies are required. Research has shown that housing vacancy is one of the most identifiable symptoms of population decrease in cities ( Feldmann, 2008 ; Hoekstra and Vakili-Zad, 2011 ; Saraiva et al., 2017 ), and a serious urban problem for local governments, but this does not always reflect upon planning practices ( Couch and Cocks, 2013 ; Gabriel and Nothaft, 2001

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How to assess quality of life. Theoretical and methodological research aspects in cross-border regions

References Andráško, I., 2005: Dve dimenzie kvality života v kontexte percepcií obyvateľov miest a vidieckych obcí (Two dimensions of life quality as perceived by rural and urban populations - in Slovak). In: Vaishar, A. and Ira, V. editors, Geografická organizace Česka a Slovenska v současném období, Brno (Ústav geoniky AV ČR), pp. 6-13. Andráško, I., 2006a: Percepcia kvality života v mestských štvrtiach Bratislavy (The perception of the quality of life in Bratislava city Wards - in Slovak). In: Geografická revue, Vol. 2, No 2

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A multidimensional analysis of spatial order in public spaces: a case study of the town Morąg, Poland

revitalisation is to navigate change in degraded areas by creating new opportunities for social, economic and cultural development. Revitalisation efforts combine technical measures with economic revival programmes as well as solutions addressing vital social problems. These measures restore spatial order, improve the quality of life and rebuild social ties ( Bielawska-Roepke, 2008 ). The effects of revitalisation are felt not only in the targeted area, but throughout the entire city. Revitalisation programmes increase a city’s attractiveness, standard of living, and tourist

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Capacities of African-oriented Polish NGOs: a quantitative approach

a development project, and this hinders their stability and results in staff turnover. The community’s frustration was compounded by the fact that after the initial years of building the development cooperation in Poland, when the NGO had a great advantage over the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) in terms of know-how, many people from the NGO sector migrated to the MFA, but the efforts to improve NGOs’ capacities remained limited ( Chimiak, 2016 ). While the problem of capacities of Polish NGOs has been raised in policy circles, the scholarly literature

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Public spending mechanisms and gross domestic product (GDP) growth in the agricultural sector (1970–2016): Lessons for Nigeria from agricultural policy progressions in China

) Although many actions have been taken by these governments to fight corruption, the problem still exists and remains serious, particularly in Nigeria ( Table 6 ). Nigeria had a very low corruption perception index (CPI), a high corruption score and was low in government efficiency, as compared to China indicators of economic growth ( Table 6 ). Table 6 indicates functions attributed to government components, which thus reflect diverse economic strategies and degrees of intervention, as well as their approaches to successfully fighting corruption. Meanwhile, China is

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Settlement Type and Educational Effectiveness of Polish Schools on the Example of the Kujawsko-Pomorskie Voivoideship

the mountains, etc.). D. Szymańska describes the city in the following terms: “it is the best creation of human civilization”; “the product of man, the embryo of his reason, work and will”; “the fullest and strongest realization of culture”; “an engine of progress”; “a place where mankind solves problems and where new problems constantly appear”; and “spiritual workshops of humanity, creative laboratories”. As Szymańska writes, “the city allows humanity to look into the future, it is a bridge to it; the city is also a place where resources for its development are

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Stakeholders in the local service centre: who should be involved in the planning process? Insights from Poland, Czech Republic and Denmark

-functional public spaces (a square or a street) providing a particular range of services (retail, administration, finance, religion, culture, leisure, etc.). Only the industrial age, with its mass-scale urban development, lost the original value of the neighbourhood as a concentration of various everyday functions for residents. Trying to address this problem, the modernists introduced a comprehensive approach in planning urban areas. A core concept of those times was the “neighbourhood unit” proposed in the 1920s by C. Perry for designing functional, self-contained and

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