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Energy Cost of Running Under Hypogravity in Well-Trained Runners and Triathletes: A Biomechanical Perspective

athletes. Sports Med, 37 (7), 575-586. doi:10.2165/00007256-200737070-00002 Borg, G. (1970). Perceived exertion as an indicator of somatic stress. Scand J Rehabil Med, 2 (2), 92-98. Cohen, J. (1973). Eta-Squared and Partial Eta-Squared in Fixed Factor Anova Designs. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 33 (1), 107-112. doi:10.1177/001316447303300111 di Prampero, P. E. (1981). Energetics of muscular exercise. Rev Physiol Biochem Pharmacol, 89 , 143-222. Donelan, J. M., & Kram, R. (2000). Exploring dynamic similarity in human running using

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Decision Support System for Mitigating Athletic Injuries

, Diers, D.M., & Flor, H. (2015). Recovery-stress balance and injury risk in professional football players: A prospective study. Journal of Sports Sciences, 33, 2140-2148. Lucas, P., van der Gaag, L., & Abu-Hanna, A. (2004). Bayesian networks in biomedicine and healthcare. Artificial Intelligence in Medicine, 30, 201-214. Neapolitan, R. (2004). Learning bayesian networks . Englewood Cliffs NJ: Prentice Hall. Nicholson, J., Holmes, E., Lindon, J., & Wilson, I. (2004). The challenge of modelling mammalian biocomplexity. Nature Biotechnology, 22

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The Influence of Coaches’ Communication on The Level of Players’ Pre-Competitive Anxiety and Selfesteem

. CONROY, 2006. Enhancing the self-esteem of youth swimmers through coach training: gender and age effects. In: Psychology of Sport and Exercise. Vol. 7, p. 173-192. ISSN 1469-0292. 4. CUMMING, S. P., F. L. SMOLL, R. E. SMITH & J. R. GROSSBARD, 2007. Is Winning Everything? The Relative Contributions of Motivational Climate and Won-Lost Percentage in Youth Sports. In: Journal of Applied Sport Psychology. 19(3), p. 322-336. ISSN 1041-3200. 5. DUDA, J. L., 2004. The Motivational Climate, Perceived Ability, and Athletes’ Psychological and

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Could hatha yoga be a health-related physical activity?


The objectives of this review paper are (I) the analysis based on previous studies of whether hatha yoga exercises fulfil the recommendation for the level of physical activity recommended by the WHO and ACSM; (II) the recommendation for how to arrange weekly hatha yoga practice, which can be considered a health-related physical activity; and (III) the analysis of the benefits of a regular hatha yoga workout in view of scientific studies, in particular regard to the prevention of diseases of civilization and improvement in health-related physical fitness.

Based on previous studies, only dynamic Sun Salutations of yoga exercises (Suryanamaskar) are moderate-intensity physical activity, and therefore must be performed at least 5 days a week in 30 min duration or 150 min per week meet the recommendation. Hatha yoga meets the recommendations regarding types of exercise, because it includes poses improving muscular strength and endurance, flexibility, and balance. Dynamic sequences of Sun Salutation can be regarded as aerobic exercises. Regular hatha yoga training may be an intervention for the primary and secondary prevention of diseases of civilization. Yoga exercises were found to produce reductions in diastolic blood pressure; to improve cardiorespiratory system and metabolic parameters; to correct posture; to reduce back pain; to prevent obesity; to lower blood glucose level; to be beneficial for stress and depression; to relieve perceived pain; and to improve functional fitness and perceived quality of life. Hatha yoga also improves physical fitness, especially in regards to health-related fitness.

In the context of the recommendation and reported benefits, hatha yoga is the health-related physical activity.

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Relationships between competitive anxiety, social support and self-handicapping in youth sport

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Psychological gender of women taking up typically masculine sports activity

References Anshel M. H., A. Porter, J. J. Quek (1998) Coping with acute stress in sport as a function of gender: An exploratory study. J. Sport Behav. , 21:363-369. Bem S. L. (1974) The measurement of psychological androgyny. J. Consult. Clin. Psychol. , 42:155-162. Burke K. L. (1986) Comparison of psychological androgyny within a sample of female college athletes who participate in sports traditionally appropriate and traditionally inappropriate for competition by women. Percept

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College students’ perceptions of a caring climate in group physical activity classes

O. (2005) Physical activity from childhood to adulthood: a 21-year tracking study. Am. J. Prev. Med., 28: 267-273. DOI: 10.1016/j.amepre.2004.12.003. 48. Thune I., Furberg A.S. (2001) Physical activity and cancer risk: dose-response and cancer, all sites and sitespecific. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., 33: S530-S550. DOI: 10.1097/00005768-200106001-00025. 49. VanKim N.A., Nelson T.F. (2013) Vigorous physical activity, mental health, perceived stress, and socializing among college students. Am. J. Health Promot., 28: 7-15. DOI:10.4278/ajhp

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Effects of eight weeks of physical training on physical performance and heart rate variability in children

., Desouza C., Jones P., Seals D. (1998) Elevated heart rate variability in physically active young and older adult women. Clin. Sci., 94: 579-584. 7. Dishman K., Nakamura Y., Garcia M., Thompson R., Dunna A., Blair S. (1999) Heart rate variability, trait anx­iety, and perceived stress among physically fit men and women. Int. J. Psychophysiol., 37: 121-133. 8. Finley J., Nugent S. (1995) Heart Rate Variability in in­fants, Children and young adults. Journal of the Auto­nomic Nervous System 51, 103-108. 9. Gamelin F

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The resting salivary antimicrobial proteins and cortisol concentration in wrestlers during 12-week training

References 1. Acevedo E., R. Kraemer, G. Kamimori, R. Durand, L. Johnson, V. Castracane (2007) Stress hormones, effort sense and perceptions of stress during incremental exercise: An exploratory investigation. J. Strength Cond. Res., 2: 283-288. 2. Allgrove J.E., E. Gomes, J. Hough, M. Gleeson (2008) Effects of exercise intensity on salivary antimicrobial proteins and markers of stress in active men. J. Sports Sci., 26: 653-661. 3. Bishop N.C., M. Gleeson (2009) Acute and chronic effects of exercise on markers of mucosal immunity. Front

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The autotelic involvement of attention induced by EEG neurofeedback training improves the performance of an athlete’s mind

.B., Flehmig H.C., Westhoff K., Langner R. (2009) Differential effects of prolonged work on performance measures in self-paced speed tests. Adv. Cogn. Psychol., 5: 105–113. 33. Sugden C., Aggarwal R., Darzi R. (2010) Sleep deprivation, fatigue, medical error and patient safety. Amer. J. Surg., 199(3): 433–434. 34. Sugimoto K., Kanai A., Shoji N. (2009) The effectiveness of the Uchida-Kraepelin test for psychological stress: an analysis of plasma and salivary stress substances. Biopsychosocial Medicine, 3: 5–15. 35. Takigasaki T. (2006) The work curves of Uchida

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