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The Effect of High-Intensity Exercise on Changes of Blood Concentration Components in Algerian National Judo Athletes

. BOTTINO, C. BITTAR, C. VEIGA CAMERON L.-C. 2007. Effect of caffeine supplementation on haematological and biochemical variables in elite soccer players under physical stress conditions. British Journal of Sports Medicine , 41 (8), 523–530. 4. BELKADI A., 2018. Etude comparative de deux protocoles de récupération en immersion en eau froide (continu et fractionné) après un entraînement intense (cas du hand-ball). 5. BERRIA M., K. BACHIR, S. N. EDDINE & B. ADEL, 2018. Study of LDH adaptations associated with the

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Gender Differences in Quality of Life and Physical Activity of High School Students

, A. J. I., F. ZURITA-ORTEGA, V. V. GARÓFANO, MARTÍNEZ-MARTÍNEZ, A. GARCÍA, S. SÁNCHEZ & M. ESTÉVEZ DÍAZ, 2016. Actividad física de adolescentes: implicación de sustancias nocivas, modalidad practicada y familia. Psicología Escolar e Educacional. 20 , 13–22. doi: 10.1590/2175-3539/2015/0201908. 12. HEESCH, K. C., L. C. MASSE & A. L. DUNN, 2006. Using Rasch modeling to re-evaluate three scales related to physical activity: enjoyment, perceived benefits and perceived barriers. Health Education Research . 21 (1), 58-72. 13. HERNANDO, A., A. OLIVA, & M

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Energy Cost of Running Under Hypogravity in Well-Trained Runners and Triathletes: A Biomechanical Perspective

athletes. Sports Med, 37 (7), 575-586. doi:10.2165/00007256-200737070-00002 Borg, G. (1970). Perceived exertion as an indicator of somatic stress. Scand J Rehabil Med, 2 (2), 92-98. Cohen, J. (1973). Eta-Squared and Partial Eta-Squared in Fixed Factor Anova Designs. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 33 (1), 107-112. doi:10.1177/001316447303300111 di Prampero, P. E. (1981). Energetics of muscular exercise. Rev Physiol Biochem Pharmacol, 89 , 143-222. Donelan, J. M., & Kram, R. (2000). Exploring dynamic similarity in human running using

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Axiological Aspects of Human Body, Spirit and Soul Composition


The theme presented is aimed at attempting to perceive the fundamental qualities of the man’s personality (body, soul and spirit) from the philosophical, anthropological and theological point of view and, at the same time, to establish the value reflections towards its (current and universal) existential orientations. Namely, today's experience shows us that tendencies with notable prevailing of corporality over the other constitutive properties of the human being are constantly getting stronger. The body cult is vigorously stressed: body building and fitness clubs, as well as special gyms and wellness facilities (saunas, hydro massage baths, tepidariums are advertised, which should satisfy the increased corporal‐hedonistic and corporal‐aesthetic motives. This disturbing of the essential and human structure established by God demands the return to the original settings of Christian trichotomy (not serving the body but serving of the body), whereby a balanced and harmonious relationship between the body, the soul, and the spirit is developed by equally bearing in mind all three areas on which all three "gymnastics" are tuned and effectively performed, which leads to overall development and fulfilment of a human being.

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Decision Support System for Mitigating Athletic Injuries

, Diers, D.M., & Flor, H. (2015). Recovery-stress balance and injury risk in professional football players: A prospective study. Journal of Sports Sciences, 33, 2140-2148. Lucas, P., van der Gaag, L., & Abu-Hanna, A. (2004). Bayesian networks in biomedicine and healthcare. Artificial Intelligence in Medicine, 30, 201-214. Neapolitan, R. (2004). Learning bayesian networks . Englewood Cliffs NJ: Prentice Hall. Nicholson, J., Holmes, E., Lindon, J., & Wilson, I. (2004). The challenge of modelling mammalian biocomplexity. Nature Biotechnology, 22

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The Influence of Coaches’ Communication on The Level of Players’ Pre-Competitive Anxiety and Selfesteem

. CONROY, 2006. Enhancing the self-esteem of youth swimmers through coach training: gender and age effects. In: Psychology of Sport and Exercise. Vol. 7, p. 173-192. ISSN 1469-0292. 4. CUMMING, S. P., F. L. SMOLL, R. E. SMITH & J. R. GROSSBARD, 2007. Is Winning Everything? The Relative Contributions of Motivational Climate and Won-Lost Percentage in Youth Sports. In: Journal of Applied Sport Psychology. 19(3), p. 322-336. ISSN 1041-3200. 5. DUDA, J. L., 2004. The Motivational Climate, Perceived Ability, and Athletes’ Psychological and

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Could hatha yoga be a health-related physical activity?


The objectives of this review paper are (I) the analysis based on previous studies of whether hatha yoga exercises fulfil the recommendation for the level of physical activity recommended by the WHO and ACSM; (II) the recommendation for how to arrange weekly hatha yoga practice, which can be considered a health-related physical activity; and (III) the analysis of the benefits of a regular hatha yoga workout in view of scientific studies, in particular regard to the prevention of diseases of civilization and improvement in health-related physical fitness.

Based on previous studies, only dynamic Sun Salutations of yoga exercises (Suryanamaskar) are moderate-intensity physical activity, and therefore must be performed at least 5 days a week in 30 min duration or 150 min per week meet the recommendation. Hatha yoga meets the recommendations regarding types of exercise, because it includes poses improving muscular strength and endurance, flexibility, and balance. Dynamic sequences of Sun Salutation can be regarded as aerobic exercises. Regular hatha yoga training may be an intervention for the primary and secondary prevention of diseases of civilization. Yoga exercises were found to produce reductions in diastolic blood pressure; to improve cardiorespiratory system and metabolic parameters; to correct posture; to reduce back pain; to prevent obesity; to lower blood glucose level; to be beneficial for stress and depression; to relieve perceived pain; and to improve functional fitness and perceived quality of life. Hatha yoga also improves physical fitness, especially in regards to health-related fitness.

In the context of the recommendation and reported benefits, hatha yoga is the health-related physical activity.

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Relationships between competitive anxiety, social support and self-handicapping in youth sport

:981-991. Kmiecik-Baran K. (1995) Social Support Scale: Its content and psychometric parameters. Psych. Rev. 38:201-214. Lavallee L., F. Flint (1996) The relationship of stress, competitive anxiety, mood state, and social support to athletic injury. J. Athl. Training 31:296-299. Lazarus, R., S. Folkman (1984) Stress, Appraisal, and Coping. Springer Pub. Co., New York Leahy T., F. Cheung (1995) Social support among Hong-Kong athletes. In: H. F. Fu, M. Ng (eds.) Sport Psychology: Perspectives and

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Psychological gender of women taking up typically masculine sports activity

References Anshel M. H., A. Porter, J. J. Quek (1998) Coping with acute stress in sport as a function of gender: An exploratory study. J. Sport Behav. , 21:363-369. Bem S. L. (1974) The measurement of psychological androgyny. J. Consult. Clin. Psychol. , 42:155-162. Burke K. L. (1986) Comparison of psychological androgyny within a sample of female college athletes who participate in sports traditionally appropriate and traditionally inappropriate for competition by women. Percept

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College students’ perceptions of a caring climate in group physical activity classes

O. (2005) Physical activity from childhood to adulthood: a 21-year tracking study. Am. J. Prev. Med., 28: 267-273. DOI: 10.1016/j.amepre.2004.12.003. 48. Thune I., Furberg A.S. (2001) Physical activity and cancer risk: dose-response and cancer, all sites and sitespecific. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., 33: S530-S550. DOI: 10.1097/00005768-200106001-00025. 49. VanKim N.A., Nelson T.F. (2013) Vigorous physical activity, mental health, perceived stress, and socializing among college students. Am. J. Health Promot., 28: 7-15. DOI:10.4278/ajhp

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