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Affective States and Performance Outcomes – The Findings of Preliminary Research Involving Pentathletes

). An adaptation of the Profile of Mood States (POMS) test by D.M. McNaira, M. Lorra, and L.F. Droppleman. Przegląd Psychologiczny 3, 753-762. [in Polish] 16. Brzozowski P. (2010). Positive and Negative Affect Schedule. SUPIN: a Polish adaptation of the PANAS scale by David Watson and Anna Clark. Warszawa: Polskie Towarzystwo Psychologiczne. [in Polish] 17. Cohen S., Kamarck T., Mermelstein R. (1983). A global measure of perceived stress. Journal of Health and Social Behavior 24, 385-396. 18. Juczyński Z., Ogińska

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Affective States Influence Sport Performance in Swimming

Literature 1. Cohen A.B., Tenenbaum G., English W.R. (2006). Emotions and golf performance. Behavior Modification 30, 259-280. 2. Vast R.L., Young R.L., Thomas P.R. (2010). Emotions in sport: Perceived effects on attention, concentration, and performance. Australian Psychologist 45, 132-140. 3. Wagstaff Ch.R.D. (2014). Emotion regulation and sport performance. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology 36, 401-412. 4. Lane A.M., Beedie C.J., Jones M.V., Uphill M., Devonport T.J. (2012). The BASES expert statement on emotion regulation

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Technical Errors And The Venue Of The Match In Handball

Literature 1. Butler J.L., Baumeister R.F. (1998). The trouble with friendly faces: Skilled performance with a supportive audience. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 75, 1213-1230. 2. Sęk H., Cieślak R. (2004). Social Support, Stress and Health . Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN. 3. Wallace H.M., Baumeister R.F., Vohs K.D. (2005). Audience support and choking under pressure: A home disadvantage? Journal of Sport Sciences 23, 429-438. 4. Baumeister R.F., Steinhilber A. (1984). Paradoxical effect of supportive audience on

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Elimination of Negative Character Features as an Element of Building a Positive Image of Physical Education Teacher

] Zieliński, J. (2001). The modern image of the physical education teacher created by high school students. Przegląd Naukowy Instytutu Wychowania Fizycznego i Zdrowotnego Uniwersytetu Rzeszowskiego 4, 413-419. [in Polish] Basiaga-Pasternak, J. (2002). Physical education teacher in the opinion of high school students. Studia Humanistyczne 2, 31-40 [in Polish]. Brouwers, A. & Tomic W. (2000). A longitudinal study of teacher burnout and perceived self-efficacy in classroom management. Teach. Teach. Educ. 16(2), 239

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Effect of Different Types of Recovery on Blood Lactate Removal After Maximum Exercise

). Anaerobic threshold and perceived effort at different environments: land and water. In 9 th Annual Congress of the European College of Sports Science, 3-6 July (Book of abstract, 59), France: Clemont-Ferrand. Szmuchrowski, L.A., Couto B.P. & Silva H.R (2003). Estimation of anaerobic threshold in ergometer by water stress perception (pp. 109-118). In E.S. Garcia & K.L.M. Lemos (Eds.), VIII Current issues in physical education . Belo Horizonte: Health. [in Portuguese] Inbar, O., Bar-or O. & Skinner J.S. (1996). The

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Influence of Nordic Walking Training on Muscle Strength and the Electromyographic Activity of the Lower Body in Women With Low Bone Mass

Physical Activity 7, 129-161. DOI: 10.1093/geront/gns071. 16. Gulati M., Shaw L.J., Thisted R.A., Black H.R., Bairey Merz C.N., Arnsdorf M.F. (2010). Heart rate response to exercise stress testing in asymptomatic women: The St. James Women Take Heart Project. Circulation 122, 130-7. DOI: 10.1161/ CIRCULATIONAHA.110.939249. 17. Amaral J.F., Alvim F.C., Castro E.A., Doimo L.A., Silva M.V., Novo Júnior J.M. (2014). Influence of aging on isometric muscle strength, fat-free mass and electromyographic signal power of the upper and lower limbs in

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Hypotensive Effect Induced by Strength Training Using the Delorme and Oxford Methods in Trained Men

postexercise hypotension I. Splanchnic and renal circulations. Journal of Applied Physiology 97, 2065-2070. DOI: 10.1152/japplphysiol.00465.2004. 9. Brownley K.Y.A., Hinderliter A.L., West S.G., Girdler S.S., Sherwood A., Light K.C. (2003). Sympathoadrenergic mechanisms in reduced hemodynamic stress responses after exercise. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 35, 978-986. DOI: 10.1249/01.MSS.0000069335.12756.1B. 10. MacDonald J.R. (2002). Potential causes, mechanisms and implications of post exercise hypotension. Journal of Human

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Could hatha yoga be a health-related physical activity?

Summary

The objectives of this review paper are (I) the analysis based on previous studies of whether hatha yoga exercises fulfil the recommendation for the level of physical activity recommended by the WHO and ACSM; (II) the recommendation for how to arrange weekly hatha yoga practice, which can be considered a health-related physical activity; and (III) the analysis of the benefits of a regular hatha yoga workout in view of scientific studies, in particular regard to the prevention of diseases of civilization and improvement in health-related physical fitness.

Based on previous studies, only dynamic Sun Salutations of yoga exercises (Suryanamaskar) are moderate-intensity physical activity, and therefore must be performed at least 5 days a week in 30 min duration or 150 min per week meet the recommendation. Hatha yoga meets the recommendations regarding types of exercise, because it includes poses improving muscular strength and endurance, flexibility, and balance. Dynamic sequences of Sun Salutation can be regarded as aerobic exercises. Regular hatha yoga training may be an intervention for the primary and secondary prevention of diseases of civilization. Yoga exercises were found to produce reductions in diastolic blood pressure; to improve cardiorespiratory system and metabolic parameters; to correct posture; to reduce back pain; to prevent obesity; to lower blood glucose level; to be beneficial for stress and depression; to relieve perceived pain; and to improve functional fitness and perceived quality of life. Hatha yoga also improves physical fitness, especially in regards to health-related fitness.

In the context of the recommendation and reported benefits, hatha yoga is the health-related physical activity.

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Relationships between competitive anxiety, social support and self-handicapping in youth sport

:981-991. Kmiecik-Baran K. (1995) Social Support Scale: Its content and psychometric parameters. Psych. Rev. 38:201-214. Lavallee L., F. Flint (1996) The relationship of stress, competitive anxiety, mood state, and social support to athletic injury. J. Athl. Training 31:296-299. Lazarus, R., S. Folkman (1984) Stress, Appraisal, and Coping. Springer Pub. Co., New York Leahy T., F. Cheung (1995) Social support among Hong-Kong athletes. In: H. F. Fu, M. Ng (eds.) Sport Psychology: Perspectives and

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Psychological gender of women taking up typically masculine sports activity

References Anshel M. H., A. Porter, J. J. Quek (1998) Coping with acute stress in sport as a function of gender: An exploratory study. J. Sport Behav. , 21:363-369. Bem S. L. (1974) The measurement of psychological androgyny. J. Consult. Clin. Psychol. , 42:155-162. Burke K. L. (1986) Comparison of psychological androgyny within a sample of female college athletes who participate in sports traditionally appropriate and traditionally inappropriate for competition by women. Percept

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