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Association of severity of depressive symptoms with sleep quality, social support and stress among Pakistani medical and dental students: A cross-sectional study

size (1200) and response distribution of 50% ( Kane, 2019 ). For regression analysis, a minimum of 194 participants were required for an anticipated effect size of 0.15 (f 2 ), alpha error of 0.05 and statistical power of 95 and 14 predictors. The participants responded to a self-administered paper based survey comprising of five parts: a) demographics b) Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), c) Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), d) Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) and e) Perceived Stress Scale-4 (PSS-4). Time for completion of the

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The Vulnerability and Resiliency of Childhood

abuser, or HIV infected ( Chandler et al., 2015 ). However, some people have these characteristics and are responsible for adverse childhood experiences, which may raise the perceived stress and initiate or precipitate risky health behaviours for some children ( Chandler et al., 2015 ). Growing evidence revealed both short- and long-term adversities to health and well-being due to adverse life experiences in childhood, particularly when adversities are enduring, cumulative, or occurring during sensitive periods in early developing phase ( Masten & Barnes, 2018

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Barriers and facilitators to conducting research by early career psychiatrists: a literature review

/consultant - participating in research when a medical student or psychiatry trainee - mentoring - focused on adult psychiatry, search terms ‘psychiatry’ AND ‘research’ were not followed-up due to the high number of hits Iversen et al., 2014 UK Cross-sectional survey, interviews 157/227 (69.2%) mentees (clinician scientist fellows and clinical lecturers) and mentors (professors) Impact of mentoring: - mentee’s age - the frequency and duration of meetings - mentee’s expectations - the quality of the mentee - mentor interaction - the perceived role of the mentor

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Psychometric properties of the Bangla version of the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K6)

have resulted in a volunteer bias. Although the translation process was thorough ( Williamson et al., 2000 ), it is difficult to assess how the study participants in Bangladesh perceived the translated scale items, especially when the survey was self-administered. Hence, the possibility of misinterpretation of the items from the study participants cannot be ruled out. Although CES-D-10 was previously used in Bangladeshi adolescents ( Khan et al., 2017 ), the cut-off of ≥ 10 to represent depressive symptoms has not been validated in Bangladesh. This is likely to

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Eating disorders, risk and management: a personal journey and a South African and African perspective

acculturative stress, both in the UK and the USA Mumford, Whitehouse & Platts, 1991 ; Pumariega, 1986 ) as well as a South African sample of ballet dancers ( le Grange, Tibbs & Noakes, 1994 ). The implication was one of future risk for cases to emerge from within the black community. The initial published work on eating attitudes (Szabo & Hollands, 1997a) served as the basis for my own PhD work. Publications emanating from the PhD documented the extent of abnormal eating attitudes in urban and rural samples Szabo & Allwood, 2004a). A specific component of the PhD involved

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Impact of Social Context on the Self-Concept of Gay and Lesbian Youth: A Systematic Review

-Fa, Perceived Social Support—Family ( Procidano & Heller, 1983 ); PSS-Fr, Perceived Social Support—Friends ( Procidano & Heller, 1983 ); SCS, Social Connectedness Scale ( Lee & Robbins, 1995 ); MOGS, Measure Of Gay-related Stressors ( Lewis, 2001 ); CES-DS, Center for Epidemiology Studies—Depression Scale ( Radloff, 1977 ); RCSS, Religious Comfort and Strain Scale (Yali & Exline, 2004, as cited in Dahl & Galliher, 2010); BMMRS, Brief Multidimensional Measure of Religiosity/Spirituality ( Fetzer Institute, 1999 ); SNS, Support Network Survey ( Berger, 1992 ); NRI, Network of

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A systematic review of mindfulness based interventions for children and young people with ADHD and their parents

.M., Suwalsky, J.T.D., Collins, W.A. (2008). Parenting stress, perceived parenting behaviors, and adolescent self-concept in European American families. Journal of Family Psychology, 22, 752-762. 10.1037/a0013177 Putnick D.L. Bornstein M.H. Hendricks C. Painter K.M. Suwalsky J.T.D. Collins W.A. 2008 Parenting stress, perceived parenting behaviors, and adolescent self-concept in European American families Journal of Family Psychology 22 752 762 Roman, M.W. (2010). Treatments for childhood ADHD part II: Non-pharmacological and novel

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Shisha Smokers’ Desire To Quit Shisha Smoking Habit: Findings From A Nigerian Pilot Survey

.3) 37 (82.2) 2 (4.4) To relieve stress 10 (22.2) 33 (73.3) 2 (4.4) Other reasons, such as Because of peer pressure 3 (6.7) 0 (0.0) 42 (93.3) For pleasure 18 (40.0) 0 (0.0) 27 (60.0) The majority (32/45) of the participants wanted to quit shisha smoking habit. Amongst those participants who wanted to quit shisha smoking habit, only 18 of them indicated that they made efforts at quitting the behaviour within the past 1 year ( Table 2 ). Only 66.7% (28/42) and 65.6% (21/32) of those participants who had a close friend

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A systematic review on the effect of Ramadan on mental health: minor effects and no harm in general, but increased risk of relapse in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder

continuous increase in irritability during the month anxiety and irritability were increased during Ramadan the effect is stronger in smokers self-selection of volunteers selection bias Koushali, Hajiamini, Ebadi, Bayat, Khamseh 2013 Iran Effect of Ramadan on emotional reactions of nurses pre-post follow up 313 nurses 137 females 37.8 years Depression, Anxiety and Strees Scales (DASS) reduction of DASS scores in nurses depression and stress levels were significantly reduced after in comparison with before the holy month Fasting

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Football does not improve mental health: a systematic review on football and mental health disorders

negative life-stress and daily hassle were predictors of injuries amongst professional soccer players (Ivarsson and Johnson. 2010, Ivarson et al. 2013 ). It was not just the presence of anxiety but the ineffective coping mechanisms to deal with everyday anxiety that were found by predictors of injuries in young players in Johnson and Ivarsson’s study (2011), whilst athletes who perceived their anxiety to be debilitative showed higher levels of burnout ( Wiggins et al. 2005 ). Laux et al. (2015) suggested early signs of this process could be found by monitoring stress

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