Christian Moldjord, Jon Christian Laberg and Torbjørn Rundmo
-Being and Job Satisfaction amongst Military Personnel on unaccompanied Tours: The Impact of Perceived Social Support and Coping Strategies. Military Psychology: 16(1), 37-51.
Mandel, D.R., Vartanian, O., Adams, B.D., and Thomson, M.H. (2010). Performance of UN Military Observers Teams: Does Victims Proximity Escalate Commitment to Saving Lives? Human Performance, 23, 229-246.
Mastroianni, G.R., Mabry, T.R., Benedek, D.M., Ursano, R.J. (2008) The Stress of Modern War. In: B.J. Lukey & V. Tepe (Eds), Biobehavioral Resilience to Stress (pp
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Bollen, KA 1989, Structural equations with latent variables, Wiley, New York
Helga Myrseth, Sigurd William Hystad, Reidar Säfvenbom and Olav Kjellevold Olsen
perceived ability, feedback, and reflection, which then regulate behavior accordingly ( Bandura 1994 , 1997 ); self-efficacy may hence mediate and allow inherent personality traits to be expressed in specific behavior ( Fosse et al. 2015 ).
Specific military skills and the development of military skills
The ideal conduct of military duties requires abilities such as being able to handle stress and bearing with uncertainty in different situations. The primary focus of military training is the building of confidence and high standards of military performance to
Rino Bandlitz Johansen, Monica Martinussen and Nils Kvilvang
Britt, T. W. (2003). Aspects of identity predict engagement in work under adverse conditions. Self and Identity, 2, 31-45. doi: 10.1080/15298860309022
Britt, T, W., & Bliese, P. D. (2003). Testing the stress-buffering effects of self engagement among soldiers on a military operation. Journal of Personality, 71, 245-266.
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Roger Lien, Kristian Firing, Mons Bendixen and Leif Edward Ottesen Kennair
theme of meaning Cohesion of peers to the theme of inconsistency Impaired cohesion. Impaired cohesion relates to how trust and bonding might be broken within a team, described through “Unreliable team members”, and this activates the use of a meaning-making coping strategy referred to as “Downward comparison”.
Unreliable team members
The respondents found meaning in experiencing cohesion in their unit. However, most respondents also told stories about personnel within their unit who were perceived as unreliable during stress and did not earn the
Ricardo G. Lugo, Stefan Sütterlin, Benjamin J. Knox, Øyvind Jøsok, Kirsi Helkala and Natalie Marie Lande
influencing factors ( Jøsok et al. 2016 ). Among these, overcoming potentially harmful influences of inappropriate reliance on intuition due to lack of either reliable available information or information-processing capacity is part of the new training concepts developed by the Norwegian Defense Cyber Academy (NDCA).
One correlate of cognitive performance that can be subject to training and leadership is self-efficacy. Perceived self-efficacy is the belief in one’s competence and abilities to overcome a situation or task ( Luszczynska et al. 2005 ). Bandura (1997
me an example”. The themes chosen were as follows: (1) background questions focused on personal information, education and national and international staff experience; (2) present staff work in terms of (a) experience of various aspects of stress at work and challenging situations, (b) experience of ways to handle the stress and demanding situations, (c) experience of leadership, communication and ways to influence the decision-making process; (3) work life/private life balance and (4) the image of the HQ as perceived by the units.
The individual interviews were
resacralization of the person. This is the point where human rights come to play a key role as expression of a normative ideal transcending the individual as well as the nation, and this double movement is what I perceive as a secular formatting of the sacred (cf. Mjaaland 2019b on the notion of “formatting”).
Human Rights and the Axial Age
Hans Joas takes the idea of an “Axial Age”, first presented by Karl Jaspers in 1949, as a key to understanding the historical development of sacralization and desacralization. The idea is controversial but supported by sociologists
with the socio-cultural consequences of ethnic differences (Ridder a.o. 2014 131-155; Koster a.o. 2014, 165-181). No less than 60% of the Dutch population perceives much or even very much friction between native people and non-Western immigrants ( Gijsberts a.o. 2014 , 21f.), Although since the start of the economic crisis in 2007/08, economic worries overtook for a short time ethnic issues as the most important concern of the Dutch, this trend has reversed again since 2014, and has even increased since the recent terrorist attacks in France and Belgium ( Dagevos a
together religious experience and religious expression.
This nuanced approach did not claim that, in all classical religions in each period of history, one could find a balanced interaction of all the dimensions. Rather, it stressed that all the dimensions are important, all need to be considered, and if any was missing or downplayed, one should observe what happened to others. Smart’s special interest as an educationalist lay in the link between spirituality and human values, and in how to strengthen this link when weak ( Smart 1968 , 105-6 and Rennie 1999 ). His