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Romualdas Malinauskas and Vilija Malinauskiene

Introduction Researchers have investigated the relationship between emotional intelligence (EI) and psychological wellbeing in a number of ways and from different disciplinary perspectives, examining various associations with other variables. The researchers within the field of sport and exercise psychology have focused on potential mediating variables which can account for this relationship, for instance, perceived social support ( Roohafza et al., 2016 ; Smith et al., 1995 ) and perceived stress ( Laborde et al., 2016 ; Raedeke and Smith, 2004 ; Roohafza

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Filipe Manuel Clemente, Bruno Mendes, Sarah da Glória Teles Bredt, Gibson Moreira Praça, André Silvério, Sandro Carriço and Emanuel Duarte

,d [2.45;2.57] 2.49 a,d [2.42;2.56] Stress 1.79 b [1.75;1.84] 1.70 a,f [1.66;1.73] 1.77 [1.72;1.83] 1.81 [1.73;1.89] 1.77 [1.72;1.82] 1.79 b [1.74;1.84] Sleep 2.67 b,e,f [2.61;2.74] 2.50 a,f [2.44;2.55] 2.49 f [2.41;2.58] 2.58 [2.36;2.80] 2.49 a,f [2.41;2.56] 2.28 a,b,c,e [2.22;2.34] Legend: Significant different from M-4 a ; M-3 b ; M-2 c ; M-1 d ; M-0 e ; M f Discussion This study aimed to compare the perceived training load (internal load) and wellness status between training sessions and matches in

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Joanna Basiaga-Pasternak

and sports experiences. The way they perceive themselves and others together with their beliefs, will also become the basis of their social interactions and their general health. Negative and maladaptive beliefs may lead to depression disorders. These occur due to a misinterpretation of events and negative representations of oneself, the world and the future (called the cognitive triad) ( Knapp and Beck, 2008 ). The way of perceiving oneself and the surrounding world plays an important role in coping with stress, including the stress related to sports competition

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Petros G. Botonis, Argyris G. Toubekis and Theodoros I. Platanou

assess general indicators of players’ wellness. The questionnaire was comprised of five questions related to perceived fatigue, sleep quality, general muscle soreness, stress levels and mood with each question scored on a five-point scale (McLeanet al., 2010). The questionnaire was completed daily upon awakening and concerned the preceding daily training load. The overall wellness was then determined by summing the five scores. Two days before the commencement of the intervention (baseline) as well as one day after the end of overloading and tapering phases, players

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Aleksandra Samełko and Monika Guszkowska

). An adaptation of the Profile of Mood States (POMS) test by D.M. McNaira, M. Lorra, and L.F. Droppleman. Przegląd Psychologiczny 3, 753-762. [in Polish] 16. Brzozowski P. (2010). Positive and Negative Affect Schedule. SUPIN: a Polish adaptation of the PANAS scale by David Watson and Anna Clark. Warszawa: Polskie Towarzystwo Psychologiczne. [in Polish] 17. Cohen S., Kamarck T., Mermelstein R. (1983). A global measure of perceived stress. Journal of Health and Social Behavior 24, 385-396. 18. Juczyński Z., Ogińska

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Matthias Wilhelm Hoppe, Christian Baumgart, Thomas Hilberg, Jürgen Freiwald and Udo Frank Wehmeier

perceived exertion (RPE) in response to match-play ( Gomes et al., 2014 ; Hornery et al., 2007 ; Mendez- Villanueva et al., 2007 ; Smekal et al., 2001 ). This plethora of research has led to an evidence based framework of tennis exercise physiology summarized in reviews ( Fernandez-Fernandez et al., 2009 ; Kovacs, 2007 ). Recently, a new level of regulation of cellular processes has been identified. MicroRNAs (miRs) are ~22 nucleotides long non-coding RNAs that regulate the gene expression on a posttranscriptional level by multiple miR:mRNA interactions, leading to

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Nobuki Ishii and Saori Osaka

References Aldwin CM, Stress, coping, and development. Guilfod Press. New York, 1994. Aldwin CM, Revenson TA. Does coping help? Reexamination of the relation between coping and mental health. J Pers Soc Psychol, 1987. 53: 337-348. Barnett LM, Morgan PJ, Van Beurden E, Beard JR. Perceived sports competence meditates the relationship between childhood motor skill proficiency and adolescent physical activity and fitness: a longitudinal assessment. The Int J of behavioral nutrition and

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Maria Brudnik

Perception of Self-Efficacy and Professional Burnout in General Education Teachers

Purpose. The objective of the study was to determine to what degree general perception of self-efficacy protects general education teachers in Poland (educational stages II-IV) against professional burnout, and whether teachers of various subjects display any differences in this respect. Basic procedures. The study was carried out between April and June 2005 on a sample of 404 teachers (women n = 310, men n = 94). The diagnosis of the burnout syndrome was based on the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI). The perception of coping competences in teachers facing professional stress was measured with the General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES) (Polish version) by R. Schwarzer, M. Jerusalem and Z. Juczyński. Main findings. Teachers are characterized by a high level of self-efficacy perception. Conclusions. As a factor preventing development of the three-dimensional burnout syndrome, perception of self-efficacy protects teachers against a loss of professional satisfaction, increasing emotional exhaustion and a tendency to depersonalize their pupils. Teachers of various subjects perceive the preventive role of self-efficacy differently.

Open access

Peter Kačúr

. CONROY, 2006. Enhancing the self-esteem of youth swimmers through coach training: gender and age effects. In: Psychology of Sport and Exercise. Vol. 7, p. 173-192. ISSN 1469-0292. 4. CUMMING, S. P., F. L. SMOLL, R. E. SMITH & J. R. GROSSBARD, 2007. Is Winning Everything? The Relative Contributions of Motivational Climate and Won-Lost Percentage in Youth Sports. In: Journal of Applied Sport Psychology. 19(3), p. 322-336. ISSN 1041-3200. 5. DUDA, J. L., 2004. The Motivational Climate, Perceived Ability, and Athletes’ Psychological and

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István Csáki, Zsolt Szakály, Barbara Fózer-Selmec, Selmeci Zoltán Kiss and József Bognár

References Ames, C. (1992). Achievement goals, motivational climate, and motivational processes. In G.C. Roberts (Ed.), Motivation in sport and exercise (pp. 161-176). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics. Anshel, M.H., Jamieson, J. & Raviv, S. (2001). Coping with acute stress among male and female Israeli athletes. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 31, 271-289. Armour, K. & MacDonald, D. (Eds.) (2012). Research methods in physical education and youth sport. London: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group