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Christian Moldjord, Jon Christian Laberg and Torbjørn Rundmo

-Being and Job Satisfaction amongst Military Personnel on unaccompanied Tours: The Impact of Perceived Social Support and Coping Strategies. Military Psychology: 16(1), 37-51. Mandel, D.R., Vartanian, O., Adams, B.D., and Thomson, M.H. (2010). Performance of UN Military Observers Teams: Does Victims Proximity Escalate Commitment to Saving Lives? Human Performance, 23, 229-246. Mastroianni, G.R., Mabry, T.R., Benedek, D.M., Ursano, R.J. (2008) The Stress of Modern War. In: B.J. Lukey & V. Tepe (Eds), Biobehavioral Resilience to Stress (pp

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Robert Buch, Reidar Säfvenbom and Ole Boe

Cliffs. Bandura, A 1991, "Social cognitive theory of self-regulation", Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, vol. 50, no. 2, pp. 248-287. Bandura, A 1994, "Self-efficacy", in Encyclopedia of human behavior, vol. 4, ed. VS Ramachaudran, Academic Press, New York, pp. 71-81. Bandura, A 2012, "On the Functional Properties of Perceived Self-Efficacy Revisited", Journal of Management, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 9-44. Bollen, KA 1989, Structural equations with latent variables, Wiley, New York

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Helga Myrseth, Sigurd William Hystad, Reidar Säfvenbom and Olav Kjellevold Olsen

perceived ability, feedback, and reflection, which then regulate behavior accordingly ( Bandura 1994 , 1997 ); self-efficacy may hence mediate and allow inherent personality traits to be expressed in specific behavior ( Fosse et al. 2015 ). 1.1 Specific military skills and the development of military skills The ideal conduct of military duties requires abilities such as being able to handle stress and bearing with uncertainty in different situations. The primary focus of military training is the building of confidence and high standards of military performance to

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Rino Bandlitz Johansen, Monica Martinussen and Nils Kvilvang

-55. Britt, T. W. (2003). Aspects of identity predict engagement in work under adverse conditions. Self and Identity, 2, 31-45. doi: 10.1080/15298860309022 Britt, T, W., & Bliese, P. D. (2003). Testing the stress-buffering effects of self engagement among soldiers on a military operation. Journal of Personality, 71, 245-266. Burke, P. J., & Stets, J. E. (2009). Identity theory. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Burke, P. J. (1991). Identity Processes and social stress. American Sociological Review, 56, 836-849. doi: 10

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Roger Lien, Kristian Firing, Mons Bendixen and Leif Edward Ottesen Kennair

theme of meaning Cohesion of peers to the theme of inconsistency Impaired cohesion. Impaired cohesion relates to how trust and bonding might be broken within a team, described through “Unreliable team members”, and this activates the use of a meaning-making coping strategy referred to as “Downward comparison”. 5.4.1 Unreliable team members The respondents found meaning in experiencing cohesion in their unit. However, most respondents also told stories about personnel within their unit who were perceived as unreliable during stress and did not earn the

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Ricardo G. Lugo, Stefan Sütterlin, Benjamin J. Knox, Øyvind Jøsok, Kirsi Helkala and Natalie Marie Lande

influencing factors ( Jøsok et al. 2016 ). Among these, overcoming potentially harmful influences of inappropriate reliance on intuition due to lack of either reliable available information or information-processing capacity is part of the new training concepts developed by the Norwegian Defense Cyber Academy (NDCA). One correlate of cognitive performance that can be subject to training and leadership is self-efficacy. Perceived self-efficacy is the belief in one’s competence and abilities to overcome a situation or task ( Luszczynska et al. 2005 ). Bandura (1997

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Aida Alvinius, Alicia Ohlsson and Gerry Larsson

me an example”. The themes chosen were as follows: (1) background questions focused on personal information, education and national and international staff experience; (2) present staff work in terms of (a) experience of various aspects of stress at work and challenging situations, (b) experience of ways to handle the stress and demanding situations, (c) experience of leadership, communication and ways to influence the decision-making process; (3) work life/private life balance and (4) the image of the HQ as perceived by the units. The individual interviews were

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Lenuţa Trandafir

References 1. Stress is an internal response to a stimulus or external situation, named stressor or stress factor. However, a person can be affected by a stressor, while someone else not. More people exposed to stressors, even traumatized, succed to adapt to situation. Other people manifest intense psychological symptoms and usually for a long time. 2. C. Thomas, Horia Dumitru Pitariu, “From Socialism to Service: Developing Human Resource Management for a Market Responsive Economy”, Paper presented at the meeting of the From

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Crenguţa Mihaela Macovei

- Social and Behavioral Sciences, 199 (2015), pp. 472 - 478, 2015. [8] Alyami, M., Melyani, Z., Al Johani, A., Ullah, E., Alyami, H., Sundram, F., Hill, A., Henning, M., The Impact of Self-Esteem, Academic Self-Efficacy and Perceived Stress on Academic Performance: A Cross-Sectional Study of Saudi Psychology Students, European Journal of Educational Sciences (EJES), Vol. 4, No. 3, pp. 51-68, 2017. doi: 10.19044/ejes.v4no3a5URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.19044/ejes.v4no3a5 [9] Alegre, A., Academic self-efficacy, self- regulated learning and