References Banerjee,N. & Chatterjee,I. (2012)Academic stress, suicidal ideation and mental well-being among 1st Semester and 2 ndSemester Medical and Engineering and General Stream Students. Researchers World ,73-80. Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/1816764514?pq-orgsite=gscolar . Baste, V.S. & Gadkan,J.V. (2014).Study of stress, self-esteem and depression in medical students and effects of music on perceived stress. Indian journal of physiology and pharmacology .58, 294-301 Batainceh, M.Z.(2013). Academic stress among
Osenweugwor Ngozi Aihie and Blessing Ijeoma Ohanaka
Gretchen Geng, Richard Midford and Jenny Buckworth
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Dorota Szczygieł, Aleksandra Jasielska and Agata Wytykowska
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Adam Grabowski and Philip Broemer
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Narrowing definitions of dependency for elderly family reunification in Finland
This article explores how the concept of dependency is used when scrutinising residence permit applicants of the elderly who fall into the category of “other family members” for family reunion. Through an analysis of interviews with immigration officers, as well as Finnish and European Union (EU) legal documents, the article shows that contestations of the concept of dependency become part of bordering practices. Bordering thus enters the everyday lives of transnational families with elderly family members in the form of investigating health conditions and the availability of care facilities. The ageing body of the elderly becomes a site of bordering. In opposition to the state individualistic system of a Nordic welfare state that aims at independency from the family, immigration regulations actually stress family dependencies. Only if immigration authorities perceive the applicant’s dependency on the sponsor to be high enough, the applicant can become part of the Finnish welfare system.
Krzysztof Gorlach, Marta Klekotko and Piotr Nowak
The paper is focused on the issue of culture and its connections to rural developments. It was based on the assumption that the culture has various impacts on rural communities` life, as well as, it has been present in various ways in functioning and changes that might be observed in rural areas. In our opinion, such a perspective should be presented in a more detailed way in order to stress the multiple and various impact of cultural issues on economic and social transformations in rural areas. Therefore, we divided our paper into three consecutive parts. In the first one, we discussed the multi-dimensional image of culture, and its role in human development. In the second one, we discussed some changes in the mechanisms of rural development, perceived as moving from the traditional to the contemporary one. We wanted to stress that culture seems to be an important part of the latter one. The last part of our considerations brought some empirical evidence from Poland focused on the role of culture in rural developments showing, at the same type, some examples of this new mechanism of rural development.