Maja Racic, Radica Todorovic, Nedeljka Ivkovic, Srdjan Masic, Bojan Joksimovic and Milan Kulic
demanding, and students perceive it as a source of significant psychological and emotional distress ( 12 - 20 ).
Previous studies have shown that students who chose medical profession because they wish to help people have greater predisposition to the stress over the students driven by professional respect or material benefit ( 21 ). Besides being exposed to academic-related stress, caused by curriculum overload, constant assessments, little time available or variable hour shift for clinical rotations ( 22 ), health professions students also encounter occupational
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Nurka Pranjic, Juan Manuel Garcia Gonzales and Ljiljana Cvejanov-Kezunović
ability to work is closely related to the possibility to increase quality of work, improve quality of life and well-being among employees, thereby decreasing the likelihood of their early retirement, decreasing absenteeism, as well increasing motivation and productiveness in employees of all ages ( 8 ).
The most studied demographic factor regarding WAI was age, and some authors reported a decreased WAI with ageing ( 9 , 10 , 11 ). In the Finish Health 2000 survey, nearly half of young adults perceived their work ability as excellent compared to 8% of 55-64 year
Robert Čecho, Viera Švihrová, Dominika Čecho, Martin Novák and Henrieta Hudečková
employed at kindergarten schools, we decided to include an analysis of women only. The data was obtained from March to October 2017. Selected socio-demographics characteristics included gender, age, education level achieved and years of experience. Perceived individual-level of occupational stress was assessed by a Meister questionnaire and a modified questionnaire of psychosocial risks. The Meister questionnaire provides mental load evaluation among discrepant occupations. A Slovak version of the questionnaire is validated and approved by the Slovak Ministry of Health
Agripina Rașcu, Paraschiva Postolache, Doina Carmen Mazilu and Marina Ruxandra Oțelea
: the swiss extension of the International hospital outcomes study. Int J Qual Health Care. 2008;20(4):227-37.
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6. Dieleman M and Harnmeijer JW. Improving health worker performance: in search of promising practices. WHO Evidence and Information for Policy, Department of Human Resources for Health Geneva
Mojca Dobnik, Matjaž Maletič and Brigita Skela-Savič
9 Lin SH, Liao WC, Chen MY, Fan JY. The impact of shift work on nurses’ job stress, sleep quality and self‐perceived health status. J Nurs Manag. 2014;22:604-12. 10.1111/jonm.12020 Lin SH Liao WC Chen MY Fan JY The impact of shift work on nurses’ job stress, sleep quality and self‐perceived health status J Nurs Manag 2014 22 604 – 12 10.1111/jonm.12020
10 Adriaenssens J, De Gucht V, Maes S. Causes and consequences of occupational stress in emergency nurses, a longitudinal study. J Nurs Manag. 2015;23:346–58. 10.1111/jonm.12138
Introduction: Type 2 diabetes affects people in their productive years and significantly influences their quality of life. Organized peer support provided by specially trained patients or volunteers who have experience with diabetes can be of crucial importance in supporting a patient's endeavours to lead a healthy lifestyle while managing the disease.
Objective: The aim of this research was to establish whether organized peer support exists in diabetes organizations of the Gorenjska region, Slovenia, and how patients feel about the usefulness of and the need for implementing a peer support system.
Methods: The sample included 78 respondents, accounting for 58.6% of all type 2 diabetes cases treated for the first time at the specialist diabetes clinic of the Jesenice General Hospital in 2009. The participants were given a questionnaire in which they indicated the level of agreement with the given statements on a five-point scale. The Cronbach alpha for all 18 statements was 0.71.
Results: Organized peer support is not yet available for members of diabetes organizations in the Gorenjska region. Most respondents do not perceive diabetes as a source of great emotional stress or as a reason for a lower quality of life. Patients receiving insulin therapy (p=.013), and those with chronic complications (p=.037), reported significant deterioration in quality of life. Women were more eager to learn how their peers manage their lives (p=.045), and to obtain information from experienced peers to help and support them (p=.032). A positive correlation was found between the respondents' opinion that diabetes presents a source of high emotional stress and that shearing experience with peers would help them reduce this stress (r=.517, p=.000); that peer experience would help them in everyday, practical situations (r=.306, p=.007); and that peer experience would help them manage their life with diabetes better (r=.447, p=.000).
Discussion: The research results stressed the need for introduction of peer support. We were surprised by the patients' low level of awareness regarding the benefits they could derive from talking to peers. Peer support interventions would bring the desired level of quality to the concept of personalization in diabetes care. Treatment practices for patients with diabetes in Slovenia have shown that organizing a peer support system is considered an option, but has not yet become a standard practice. Peer support can be a powerful source of empowerment and of individualisation of treatment. Its implementation, however, will have to involve the active participation of members of health care teams treating patients with diabetes.
Mojca Gabrijelčič Blenkuš, Metka Mencin Čeplak, Maja Bajt, Aleš Korošec, Janet Klara Djomba, Jožica Maučec Zakotnik, Cirila Hlastan Ribič and Helena Jeriček Klanšček
? Available August 15, 2012 from: http://econpapers. repec.org/paper/izaizadps/dp3399.htm
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Polona Selič, Maša Serec, Davorina Petek and Maja Makovec
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