Researchers have investigated the relationship between emotional intelligence (EI) and psychological wellbeing in a number of ways and from different disciplinary perspectives, examining various associations with other variables. The researchers within the field of sport and exercise psychology have focused on potential mediating variables which can account for this relationship, for instance, perceived social support ( Roohafza et al., 2016 ; Smith et al., 1995 ) and perceivedstress ( Laborde et al., 2016 ; Raedeke and Smith, 2004 ; Roohafza
Filipe Manuel Clemente, Bruno Mendes, Sarah da Glória Teles Bredt, Gibson Moreira Praça, André Silvério, Sandro Carriço and Emanuel Duarte
2.49 a,d [2.42;2.56]
1.79 b [1.75;1.84]
1.70 a,f [1.66;1.73]
1.79 b [1.74;1.84]
2.67 b,e,f [2.61;2.74]
2.50 a,f [2.44;2.55]
2.49 f [2.41;2.58]
2.49 a,f [2.41;2.56]
2.28 a,b,c,e [2.22;2.34]
Legend: Significant different from M-4 a ; M-3 b ; M-2 c ; M-1 d ; M-0 e ; M f
This study aimed to compare the perceived training load (internal load) and wellness status between training sessions and matches in
and sports experiences. The way they perceive themselves and others together with their beliefs, will also become the basis of their social interactions and their general health. Negative and maladaptive beliefs may lead to depression disorders. These occur due to a misinterpretation of events and negative representations of oneself, the world and the future (called the cognitive triad) ( Knapp and Beck, 2008 ). The way of perceiving oneself and the surrounding world plays an important role in coping with stress, including the stress related to sports competition
transcribe their perceived levels of muscular soreness whilst executing the squats. Each participant then completed a 5-min warm-up on a cycle ergometer at 60 W (60 r·min -1 ) (Ergomedic 874E, Monark, Sweden), followed by three individual countermovement jumps (CMJ) and seated medicine-ball throws (MBT). Following this participants carried out a further 5-min warm-up on the cycle ergometer prior to isokinetic assessment. Isokinetic assessment included completing five maximal-effort knee flexion and extension actions at 60°/s using the dominant-leg after two warm-up sets
Petros G. Botonis, Argyris G. Toubekis and Theodoros I. Platanou
assess general indicators of players’ wellness. The questionnaire was comprised of five questions related to perceived fatigue, sleep quality, general muscle soreness, stress levels and mood with each question scored on a five-point scale (McLeanet al., 2010). The questionnaire was completed daily upon awakening and concerned the preceding daily training load. The overall wellness was then determined by summing the five scores.
Two days before the commencement of the intervention (baseline) as well as one day after the end of overloading and tapering phases, players
Matthias Wilhelm Hoppe, Christian Baumgart, Thomas Hilberg, Jürgen Freiwald and Udo Frank Wehmeier
perceived exertion (RPE) in response to match-play ( Gomes et al., 2014 ; Hornery et al., 2007 ; Mendez- Villanueva et al., 2007 ; Smekal et al., 2001 ). This plethora of research has led to an evidence based framework of tennis exercise physiology summarized in reviews ( Fernandez-Fernandez et al., 2009 ; Kovacs, 2007 ).
Recently, a new level of regulation of cellular processes has been identified. MicroRNAs (miRs) are ~22 nucleotides long non-coding RNAs that regulate the gene expression on a posttranscriptional level by multiple miR:mRNA interactions, leading to
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István Csáki, Zsolt Szakály, Barbara Fózer-Selmec, Selmeci Zoltán Kiss and József Bognár
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Marcelo Ricardo Cabral Dias, Roberto Simão, Geraldo Heleno Ribeiro Machado, Hélio Furtado, Nelson Fortuna Sousa, Helder Miguel Fernandes and Francisco José Félix Saavedra
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Whithers RT, Brooks AG, Gunn SM, Plummer JL, Gore CJ, Cormack J. Self-selected exercise
Leyla Tavacioglu, Kaan Kora, Erkut Atilgan and Canan Savran
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