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Aneta Sitek, Elżbieta Żądzińska and Iwona Rosset

References Allende MF. 1972. The enigmas of pigmentation. JAMA 220:1443-47. Andreou E, Alexopoulos EC., Lionis Ch., Varvogli L., Gnardellis C.H., Chrousos GP, et al. 2011. Preceived Stress Scale: Reliability and Validality Study in Greece. Int J Environ Res Public Health 8:3287-98. Arck PC., Handjiski B, Hagen E, Joachim R, Klapp BF, Paus R. 2001. Indications for a ‘brain-hair follicle axis (BHA)’: inhibition of keratinocyte proliferation and up-regulation of keratinocyte apoptosis in telogen hair

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Magdalena Skrzypczak, Piotr Łaski, Urszula Czerniak and Witold Kycler

References Andrykowski M. A., S. L. Currun, J. L. Studts, L. Cunningham, J. S. Carpenter, et al., 1996, Psychosocial Adjustment and Quality of Life in Women with Breast Cancer and Benign Breast Problems: A Controlled Comparison , J. Clin. Epidemiol. , 49 , 827-34 Antoni M. H., J. M. Lehman, K. M. Kilbourn, A. E. Boyers, J. L. Culver, et al., 2001, Cognitive-behavioral stress management intervention decreases the prevalence of depression and enhances benefit finding among women under treatment for early

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Piotr Chmielewski

References Allebeck P, Bergh C. 1992. Height, body mass index and mortality: do social factors explain the association? Public Health 106:375-82. Austad SN. 2006. Why women live longer than men: sex differences in longevity. Gender Medicine 3:79-92. Austad SN. 2010. Animal size, metabolic rate, and survival, among and within species. In: NS Wolf, editor. The comparative biology of aging. Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag. Baradaran A, Nasri H, Rafieian-Kopaei M. 2014. Oxidative stress and hypertension

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Joanna Marchewka, Ina Beltrán de Heredia, Xavier Averós, Roberto Ruiz, Adroaldo J. Zanella, Julia Adriana Calderón Díaz and Inma Estevez

clearly within the first 3 h after treatment application, while afterwards, a decrease in acute pain is usually assumed (Graham et al ., 1997 ; Kent et al ., 1998 ; Molony et al ., 2002 ; Grant, 2004 ; McCracken et al ., 2010 ). Lambs may be immunologically stressed around the time of tail docking as a result of sub-clinical disease ( Roger, 2008 ). However, ischaemic necrosis around the tail-docking area was still observed at 4 wk after treatment application, with frequent reddening, swelling, inflammation and minor infection of the skin immediately proximal

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B. O’Brien and D. Hennessy

in a cubicle house during the dry period (up to 8 wk prior to calving) and outdoors on a pasture-based diet after parturition. Results showed that the pasture-based cows were at greater risk of nutritional and metabolic stress in the first 10 d after calving than the TMR-fed indoor-housed cows. However, this was not found to be associated with any superior immune status of the indoor-based cows or the poorer health of the pasture-based cows. No differences were found between the two groups in relation to immune health indicators. In fact, the pasture-based cows

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R. Hackett

Introduction There is renewed interest in the production of winter barley in recent years in Ireland and the area used to produce winter barley has increased accordingly ( CSO, 2015 ). This can be attributed to a number of factors, including improved grain yields as a result of the introduction of new cultivars. Grain yield is also perceived as being more stable between seasons compared to other crops, particularly, winter wheat. Barley can have two ear structures. In six-row barley, the three spikelets at each node on the rachis are fertile; whereas in two

Open access

Grzegorz Majewski and Karolina Ćwiek


Effect of a different degree of anthropogenic transformation on the formation of bioclimatic conditions - Warsaw case study. The purpose of the work is to evaluate the variability of bioclimatic conditions and their diversity in areas of a different degree of anthropogenic transformation. An important element of the work is to determine frequency of certain biothermal conditions in the analysed areas, strongly exposing the human body to heat and causing thermal stress of a various intensity. The most important meteorological parameter considered in this paper was the air temperature, because out of physical stimuli it is the one which is most intensely perceived, especially when its fluctuations occur at short-time intervals. The research was based on the meteorological data made available by the Voivodship Inspectorate of Environmental Protection (WIOŚ). The data come from automated measurement stations operating as part of air quality monitoring system, located in different districts of Warsaw and outside the city. Each of the stations is marked by individual features resulting from a different degree of anthropogenic transformation of the closest surroundings

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Krzysztof Adamczyk, Aleksandra Górecka-Bruzda, Jacek Nowicki, Małgorzata Gumułka, Edyta Molik, Tomasz Schwarz, Bernadette Earley and Czesław Klocek

ram duringatraining period for artiffical insemination. Arch. Zoot., 48: 273-284. Amory J.R., Pearce G.P. (2000). Alarm pheromones in urine modify the behaviour of weaner pigs. Anim. Welfare, 9: 167-175. Angrecka S., Herbut P. (2015). Conditions of cold stress development in dairy cattle kept in free stall barn during severe frosts. Czech J. Anim. Sci., 60: 81-87. Appleby M.C., Mench J.A., Hughes B.O. (2004). Poultry behaviour and welfare. CABI Publishing, Wallingford, UK, 276 pp. Arnold G.W. (1985

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Robert Kupczyński, Anna Budny, Kinga Śpitalniak and Ewa Tracz

, adrenocorticotropic hormone, serotonin, adrenaline, and noradrenaline serum concentrations in relation to disease and stress in the horse. Vet. Sci., 93: 103-107. Ballou M.A., Sutherland M.A., Brooks T.A., Hulbert L.E., Davis B.L., Cobb C.J. (2013). Administration of anesthetic and analgesic prevent the suppression of many leukocyte responses following surgical castration and physical dehorning. Vet. Immunol. Immunop., 151: 285-293. Blessing W.W. (2003). Lower brainstem pathways regulating sympathetically mediated changes in cutaneous blood flow

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Simona Cannas, Greta Veronica Berteselli, Patrizia Piotti, Zita Talamonti, Elisabetta Scaglia, Damiano Stefanello, Michela Minero and Clara Palestrini

.A.R.A.M., de Vries, H.W., Mol, J.A. (2000). Behavioural and hormonal indicators of enduring environmental stress in dogs. Anim. Welfare 9, 49-62. 49. Yang, Y., Koh, D., Ng V., Lee, C.Y., Dong, F., Goh, S.H., Anantharaman, V., Chia, S.E. (2002). Self-perceived work related stress and the relation with salivary IgA and Lysozyme among emergency department nurses. Occup. Environ. Med. 59, 836-841. PMid:12468751 PMCid:PMC1763606 50. Ng, V., Koh, D., Mok, B.Y.Y., Chia, S.E., Lim, L.P. (2003). Salivary biomarkers associated with