Home Affairs, Government of India, http://www.censusindia.gov.in/2011census/population_enumeration.html Accessed 16.9.2015
Channa, H.B., & Talwar, P.P. (1987). Aging in India: Its socioeconomic and health implications, Asia-Pacific Population Journal, 2(3): 23-38.
Chopra, S and J Pudussery (2014) Social Security Pensions in India: An assessment, Economic and Political Weekly, XLIX, 19:68-74
European Commission, International Monetary Fund, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, United Nations, World
Bartłomiej Drop, Marian Jędrych, Agnieszka Barańska, Ewelina Firlej and Mariola Janiszewska
-SPC Joint Report on Pensions, Brussels. [ http://europa.eu/epc/pdf/interim_epc-spc_joint_report_on_pensions_final_en.pdf .]
9. Lewis J. The Council of the European Union and the European Council. In: M. Cini, N. Pѐrez-Solόrzano Borragan. European Union Politics. Oxford United Kingdom 2013.p. 142-5.
10. Komisja Europejska. [ http://ec.europa.eu/about/index_pl.htm ]
11. Komisja Europejska. Zielona Księga. Wobec zmian demograficznych: nowa solidarność między pokoleniami. Bruksela, COM (2005) 94 końcowy. [ http
, Westerlund H, Vahtera J. et al. Sickness absence as a prognostic marker for common chronic conditions: analysis of mortality in the GAZEL study. Occup Environ Med 2008; 65: 820-6.
10. Vahtera J, Kivimaki M, Pentti J. The role of the extended weekends in sickness absenteeism. Occup Environ Med 2001; 58: 818-22.
11. Virtanen M, Kivimäki M, Vahtera J. et al. Sickness absence as a risk factor for job termination, unemployment, and disability pension among temporary and permanent employees. Occup Environ Med 2006; 63: 212-7.
Nataša Dernovšček Hafner, Damjana Miklič Milek and Metoda Dodič Fikfak
figures: work-related musculoskeletal diseases in the EU - facts and figures Luxembourg European Agency for Health and Safety Work (OSHA) 2010 Accessed February 28th 2017 at https://osha.europa.eu/en/tools-andpublications/publications/reports/TERO09009ENC
9 Karlsson NE, Carstensen JM, Gjesadl S, Alexanderson KAE. Risk factors for disability pension in a population-based cohort of men and women on long-term sick leave in Sweden. Eur J Public Health. 2008;18(3):224-31. 10.1093/eurpub/ckm128 . Karlsson NE Carstensen JM Gjesadl S Alexanderson KAE. Risk factors for
Davorina Petek, Marija Petek-Ster and Ksenija Tusek-Bunc
Marital status (married or cohabitating) (N=871)
Ethnical group (predominant) (N=871) the predominant ethnical group (Slovenian) vs. ethnical minorities
Education (secondary school or more) (N=757) secondary school or more vs. primary school
Income (yes) (N=784) any form of regular income (salary, pension)
Social class (N=750) self-assessed social class: low, medium, high
Frequency of attendance
Sanela Slavkovic, Spela Golubovic, Matilda Vojnovic and Congor Nadj
size within the model, we used an effect size calculator for hierarchical multiple regression ( 25 ), after which we calculated post-hoc statistical power for HMA ( 26 ).
The statistical significance of each independent variable was obtained using beta coefficients and values p<0.05 were considered statistically significant.
The socio-demographic variables were an important segment in the results. In our sample, most subjects (69.5%) earned their income through salaries and pensions. As regards social activities, the largest number of subjects (86
, Perifanou S. 1 , Tolia M. 1 , Tsoukalas N. 2 , Charalampakis N. 3 , Nikolaou M. 4 , Tsanadis K. 1 , Kyrgias G. 1 .
1 School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Thessaly, Biopolis, 41110, Larissa, Greece
2 Department of Oncology, Army Pension Fund Hospital, 10 -12 Monis Petraki Str, 115 21, Athens, Greece
3 Department of Oncology, Henry Dunant Hospital Center, 107 Mesogeion Ave, 115 26, Athens, Greece
4 Department of Oncology, General Hospital “Elena Venizelou”, Plateia Elenas Venizelou 2, 115 21, Athens, Greece .
Introduction : Prostate cancer
This paper describes the circumstances surrounding the migration of older Latvian women and their multi-dimensional lives as economic migrants and as distant carers and supporters of diverse family members who remain in Latvia. In post-Soviet Latvia, especially since the 2008 financial crisis and the austerity measures which took away hope for a decent old-age pension, older women migrate abroad in order to salvage their economic wellbeing and support their multi-generation families, which can run to four generations – their children and grandchildren plus, often, their elderly parents. Migration enables these women to maintain multidirectional flows of care and also to achieve economic and psychosocial independence. Therefore, care practices that reach four generations put the figure of the grandmother at the core of transnational care relations. Research evidence for this paper comprises 50 in-depth interviews with older Latvian migrant women aged from their mid-40s to their late 60s in the UK and elsewhere. The paper demonstrates the complexity and richness of these women’s working lives, built around enhanced economic wellbeing, multiple and transnational caring responsibilities, and a new sense of self-worth and empowerment.
Declining fertility and rising life expectancy combined with migration are changing the demographic landscape of the MENA. Earlier high fertility will ensure a growing population in the next 20-30 years. Family structure is also changing: families are becoming smaller and increasingly nuclear, rather than extended. The region has to manage a young age structure and a gradual ageing of the population but with a potential weakening of the traditional inter-generational support based on family, it also faces a widely varying and heterogeneous resource base and socio-economic structure across the different countries. To maintain and improve inter-generational support within family and society in the MENA countries with large populations (such as Iran and Egypt) the most important challenges are poverty and vulnerability, unemployment, and development of long-term plans for an ageing population. These are inter-connected objectives since reducing poverty and increasing current employment could provide individuals and families with some resources to save and accumulate for old age. States in the region should put redistributive social policies in the areas of health, education and housing at the heart of a strategy of supporting family budgets and resources to assist them in their inter-generational care, but should also set up care and pension schemes to provide societal intergenerational support.
Gergana N. Sandeva, Rositsa P. Deliradeva and Pavlina L. Gidikova
1. Ilmarinen J, von Bonsdorff M. Work Ability. In: Wiley J, Sons, editors. The encyclopedia of adulthood and aging. Hoboken: Wiley- Blackwell; 2007. p. 1-5.
2. Ilmarinen J. Towards a longer worklife! Ageing and the quality of worklife in the European Union. Helsinki: Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Ministry of Social Affairs and Health; 2005.
3. Gould R, Ilmarinen J, Järvisalo J, Koskinen S, editors. Dimensions of work ability - results of the Health 2000 Survey. Helsinki: Finnish Centre for Pensions, The Social Insurance