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U.S. Foreign Policy Towards North Korea

-korea-had-spurned-talks-with-u-s-due-to-trumps-latest-sanctions/ Meyer, Patrik K. U.S. Threat of War on North Korea: Fulfilling‚ Rocket Man‘ Kim Jong Un’s Wishes , “The Diplomat”, September 27, 2017. Web. https://thediplomat.com/2017/09/us-threat-of-war-on-north-korea-fulfilling-rocket-man-kim-jonguns-wishes/ Miller, Steven E., Stephen W. Bosworth, and Siegfried S. Hecker. Dealing with North Korea’s Nuclear Program . “Bulletin of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences”, vol. 65, no. 4 (2012), pp. 12–17. Web. http://www.jstor.org/stable/23359193 Nikish, Larry. A. Korea: U.S. – South Korea Relations: Issue for

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The EU’s Potential Role in the Six Party Talks and the North Korean Nuclear Crisis

interested in Iran-style nuclear talks,’ CNN , 21 July 2015. Retrieved from http://edition.cnn.com/2015/07/21/asia/north-korea-not-interested-in-iran-type-deal/index.html [accessed 22 Jul 2015] Munroe, T. & Blanchard, B. (2015), ‘North Korea’s Neighbors push to resume six-party talks,’ Reuters , 26 March. Retrieved from http://www.reuters.com/article/2015/03/26/us-northkorea-southkorea-talks-idUSKBN0MM13420150326 [accessed 7 Jul 2015] Niksch, L. A. (2004), ‘North Korea’s Nuclear Weapons Program,’ CRS Issue Brief for Congress, 28 September 2004

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Nuclear Smuggling and Threats to Lithuanian Security

Abstract

The article explores threats related to illicit trafficking of radioactive materials and dual-use goods applicable in state level nuclear programs, actualizing the global trends for the Baltic region. The article points to Eastern Europe’s changing risk profile in this respect, as increasing penetration of Russian criminal groups inside Ukraine and the destabilized situations in neighboring countries create an environment where the risk of nuclear smuggling is on the rise. Criminal entities can be seen forming new bonds, with trafficking routes intersecting and zones of influence shifting - consequently, an unusual level of criminal involvement in nuclear smuggling is observed, alongside a geographic shift of smuggling patterns. In addition, states seeking materials and technologies for their military programs have taken a notable interest in this region as a way of circumventing international transit regulations. The article looks at the likely implications of these new nuclear smuggling trends for the security of the Baltic states. It suggests that Lithuania may soon be facing a relatively new threat, and one that it is ill-prepared to counter. The article discusses the risk factors and indicators to watch before that risk becomes reality, and offers ways for Lithuania to contribute to addressing these increasingly acute problems on a regional level.

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The Impact of the US Military Transformation on North Korean Defence Policy

Abstract

This article presents an interpretation of the US capacity to force North Korea to abandon the development of nuclear weapons, based on the analysis of the conventional balance between the U.S. and North Korea. It is also an attempt to evaluate the impact of the US military transformation on defence policy decisions of the potential opponents of the US. The first (theoretical) part of the article presents the assumptions of theoretical interpretation as well as the fundamentals of evaluating the conventional balance between the US and North Korea. The second part of the article highlights the key moments of the US and the international community’s so far unsuccessful attempts to force North Korea to give up its nuclear weapons and explains the reasons for such unsuccessful policy. The third part of this paper analyzes the conventional balance between the US and North Korea, taking into account the conventional forces of those countries, their long range conventional strike programmes as well as the missile defence programmss - this analysis presupposes the failure of the US to prevent North Korea from nuclear weapon development

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Mitigating Risks of Hybrid War: Search for an Effective Energy Strategyin The Baltic States

Bibliography Associated Press 28 May 2018, Poland says Russian gas pipeline is a ‘new hybrid weapon’. Available at: https://www.apnews.com/eba0b8e4ba8e4a9b9b107cf166213508 [Accessed 20 October 2018] Bankauskaite, D, 2017, Disinfo Goes Nuclear in the Baltics, CEPA Stratcom Program. Available at: Dickel et al. (2014) Dickel, R., Hassanzadeh, E., Henderson, J., Honoré, A., El-Katiri, L., Pirani, S., Rogers, H., Stern, J., Yafimava, K. “ Reducing European Dependence on Russian Gas: distinguishing natural gas security from geopolitics ” (pp 87

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Estonia’s comprehensive approach to national defence: origins and dilemmas

Military Studies, 7/2018 Smith, E. A. (2006): Effects-based Operations: Applying Network-Centric Warfare in Peace, Crisis, and War. Washington, DC: Command and Control Research Program. Stone, M. (2009): Security according to Buzan: A Comprehensive Security Analysis. Sciences Po: Security Discussion Paper Series 1, Spring. http://geest.msh-paris.fr/IMG/pdf/Security_for_Buzan.mp3.pdf Sulovic, V. (2010): Meaning of Security and Theory of Securitization. Belgrad Centre for Security Policy. http://www.bezbednost.org/upload/document/sulovic_(2010)_meaning

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North Korean strategic culture: survival and security

References Bernholz, P. (2007) Ideology, sects, state and totalitarianism. In Maier, H., & Schäfer, M. Totalitarianism and Political Religions, Volume II. Concepts for the comparison of dictatorship, 246-271. London: Routledge. Buzo, A. (2003). Partyzánská dynastie. Politika a vedení Severní Koreje. Praha: BB Art Cheon, S. (2013). The Kim Jong-un Regime’s „Byungjin“ (Paralled Development) Policy of Economy and Nuclear Weapons and the ‘April 1st Nuclearization Law‘, Korean Institute for National Unification

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Korean Crisis and a War of Words

Works Cited @realDonaldTrump (Donald Trump). …Hopefully we will never have to use this power, but there will never be a time that we are not the most powerful nation in the world! Twitter (9 Aug. 2017, 05:03), twitter.com/realDonaldTrump/status/895254168570605568 @realDonaldTrump (Donald Trump). North Korea just stated that it is in the final stages of developing a nuclear weapon capable of reaching parts of the US It won’t happen! ” Twitter (2 Jan. 2017, 3:05), twitter.com/realDonaldTrump/status/816057920223846400 Bedminister, N.J. Trump

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Rethinking the unthinkable – revisiting theories of nuclear deterrence and escalation

1 Introduction By the 1970s and especially into the eighties, the ideas of these thermonuclear Jesuits would have so thoroughly percolated through the corridors of power […] that, at least among fellow members of the congregation, their wisdom would be taken almost for granted, their assumptions worshipped as gospel truth, their insight elevated to an almost mystical level and accepted as dogma. […] [for they were the men who pondered mass destruction, who thought about the unthinkable, who invented nuclear strategy]. ( Kaplan 1983 : p. 11) The people

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An Analysis of North Korea’s Satellite Launches

. (2007). GUI Missile Flyout: A General Program for Simulating Ballistic Missiles. Science and Global Security , 15, 133-146. Forden, G. E. (2009a, April 20). DPRK: U'nha-2 powered trajectory. Retrieved November 6, 2012, from Arms Control Wonk: http://forden.armscontrolwonk.com/archive/2262/dprk-unha-2-powered-trajectory Forden, G. E. (2009b, May 15). DPRK: Why did the 2006 launch fail? Retrieved November 6, 2012, from Arms Control Wonk: http://forden.armscontrolwonk.com/archive/2298/dprk-why-did-the-2006-launch

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