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Iwona Sobis

vardvetenskap. Uppsala universitet. Drechsler, W. 2005. “Th e Rise and Demise of the New Public Management.” Postautistic economics review 33, 17 - 28. Available at (last accessed 12 December 2011). Dunér, A. and Nordström, M. 2006. “Th e Desire for Control: Negotiating the Arrangement of Help for Older People in Sweden.” Journal of Aging Studies 24(4), 241 - 247. Dz.U. z 04-04-2004 r. Nr 64, poz. 593. Available at http

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Włodzimierz Wójcicki


Summary Subject and purpose of work: The work presents the participation of religious ideas in shaping ethical attitudes in business. Its purpose is to indicate the need to consolidate ethical principles in economics with the use of various possibilities of social persuasion. Materials and methods: The research was based on literature studies, including religious, philosophical and historical literature. In particular, the method of induction was employed - from rules to conclusions. Attention was paid to the considerations of the method itself. Results: The development of research on the method required the recognition of the role of reason - autonomous with respect to faith. Findings of St. Thomas Aquinas (distinction between act and possibility, forms and matter, recognition of the causal linkage between events, negation of the dual truth about the same event) and W. Ockham (entities are not to be multiplied without necessity) are still valid today. Conclusions: Religious ideas support economic activity by propagating ethical norms of behaviour. This, in turn, evokes the view of J.M. Keynes about the important role of ideas as such. The significance of the Bible goes far beyond religious aspects.

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Stefan Couperus, Harm Kaal, Nico Randeraad and Paul van Trigt

institutions and bodies of the polymorphous Old Regime were maintained. The district water boards (›waterschappen‹), dating from the Middle Ages, were left intact as separate administrative units under the dual – and hence sometimes conflicting – supervision of the central state and the provinces. Local government institutions lost the uniformity of the Napoleonic system and were divided into two types, cities and rural villages, while the latter could include anything between small towns, shires, manors, and even hamlets without inhabitants. The Republican provinces were

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Building a Local Administration Abroad

The French Consulate in Salonica in the 19th Century

Mathieu Jestin

bilateral treaty was signed for the first time by France at the end of the 16th century. Gilles Veinstein: »Le mythe des capitulations de 1536«, in: Mohammed Arkoun (ed.): Histoire de ľislam et des musulmans en France du Moyen Âge à nos jours, Paris 2006, p. 354. Thereafter renegotiated each time a new Sultan came to the throne, the last were ratified by France in 1740, with Article 85 specifying their perpetual nature. Géraud Poumarède: »Négocier près la Sublime Porte. Jalons pour une nouvelle histoire des capitulations franco-ottomanes«, in: Lucien Bély / Isabelle

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Caroline Dufour

representatives. Whatever the opposition, it is important to identify it, or them, because this balance of power is central to determining the evolution of the field and its functioning. What is the outcome of the opposition between the agents? The theory of fields can best be understood when processes are studied in the middle and long terms. Georgakakis, »Quel pouvoir pour ›l’eurocratie‹?«, p. 55. Oppositions between agents of the administrative field are the products of history, and their outcomes determine the practices and institutions that set up future stakes and

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Stefan Nellen and Thomas Stockinger

, benennbare Stelle zu bezeichnen, an der ein Mensch oder Objekt platziert sein kann. Löw: Raumsoziologie, S. 198–203; vgl. Rau: Räume, S. 64–65. Das Verhältnis des modernen Staats zum Raum wird oft mit dem Begriff der ›Territorialität‹ umschrieben. Benz: Staat, S. 83–88; Pierson: Modern State, S. 12–14; vgl. Werlen: »Körper«, S. 381. Die Anfänge dieses Konzepts lassen sich bis in die frühneuzeitliche Rechtslehre zurückverfolgen. Paul Alliés: Ľinvention du territoire, Grenoble 1980; vgl. Almut Höfert: »States, Cities, and Citizens in the Later Middle Ages«, in: Quentin

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The ›Head of Household‹

A Long Normative History of a Statistical Category in the U.K

Kerstin Brückweh

›Household Reference Person‹ was also collected and mainly used instead. The authors of the Labour Force Survey Guide seemed to feel a need to justify the ongoing collection of data about the ›Head of Household‹ They argued that in most cases the male adult in a household would be given as the ›Head of Household‹ anyway: »Most HoHs are male, because in households comprising either a mixed-sex couple or joint householders of the opposite sex, the male partner/householder is classified as the HoH, regardless of their income and age.« Office for National Statistics, Labour

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Valentin Seidler

debate on how exactly human capital can deliver long run economic development. Hence a research program investigating the role of senior bureaucrats also contributes to this ongoing debate on the role of human capital – quite apart from the discussion of institutional transplants. The dozen or so Malawians destined to become the first lay magistrates of their country had probably little concern for such academic debates. They may have felt lucky that their instructor could run a crash course on substantial bodies of British law in the middle of Africa. From an

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Luigi Blanco

new national state. On the subject of administrative districts in unified Italy, with particular regard to the provincial fabric, see the volume gathering the initial results of a research group coordinated by Francesco Bonini at Libera Università Maria SS. Assunta, Rome: Francesco Bonini et al. (ed.): Orizzonti di cittadinanza. Per una storia delle circoscrizioni amministrative delľItalia unita, Soveria Mannelli 2016. In an age of national states, the position of those promoting the unitary solution had an unquestionable advantage over the supporters of a