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Open access

Monika Szkultecka-Dębek, Mariola Drozd and Marta Bem

Abstract

Introduction. The term “quality of life” has been present in the literature for a long time now. It was created in the middle of the last century in Western Europe and from the societal perspective the term initially defined the level of material life, gradually being expanded to other aspects of human life, like happiness, education, broadly defined individual freedom and health.

Aim. To analyze differences by gender and place of residence in perception of quality of life based on data from the assessment of thrombocytopenia impact on daily activities using TSIDAV vignette among Polish patients.

Material and methods. We assessed the impact of thrombocytopenia symptoms on patients’ daily activities using TSIDAV vignette. We wanted to understand the reason for different perception of symptoms and why visible symptoms are perceived as worse by women in comparison to men. We analyzed the groups by age and place of residence.

Results. Within 48 collected questionnaires, 31 were provided by women and 17 by men. As many as 29% of men declared the biggest impact on daily activities due to petechiae and easy bruising. The same symptoms were assessed as having significant impact on daily activities by 68% and 65% of women respectively. The results in relation to the two symptoms were similar in terms of impact: both men and women assessed it as high impact, however in general, a lower proportion of men identified this as an issue. As many as 53% of the pre-menopausal women declared the thrombocytopenia impact on daily activities as very high. Similar results were observed in the male group. Those before retirement age assessed disease symptoms as very high in comparison to the group of older patients. No significant differences in relation to place of residence were observed. During literature research we found that depending on patients’ gender, the perception of the impact of disease on patients quality of life may often differ.

Conclusions. We found out that the perception of disease symptoms impact on quality of life is different by women and men. That may be the result of different factors such as the influence of social roles determined for each sex. At the same time, the perception of the impact of thrombocytopenia symptoms on daily activity almost does not depend on age or place of residence of neither women nor men.

Open access

Wioletta Waksmańska, Rafał Bobiński, Andrzej Wiczkowski and Anna Pielesz

, Czeczelewski J. Physical activity in the prevention of academic students. Pol J Public Health. 2013;123(1):62-8. 12. Godino JG, Watkinson C, Corder K, et al. Awareness of physical activity in healthy middle-aged adults: a cross-sectional study of associations with sociodemographic, biological, behavioural, and psychological factors. BMC Public Health. 2014;2:414-21. 13. Lifestyles statistics team, Health and Social Care Information Centr. Statistics on Obesity, Physical Activity and Diet. England; 2014. 14. Bull FC. The Expert Working Groups: Physical

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Paweł Więch, Dariusz Bazaliński, Izabela Sałacińska and Monika Binkowska-Bury

density in middle-aged Australians: The Busselton Healthy Ageing Study. Bone. 2015;74:146-52.

Open access

Emilia Rymkiewicz, Agata Rękas-Wójcik, Sylwia Milaniuk, Barbara Mosiewicz and Grzegorz Dzida

predictor of mortality in hospitalized elderly patients. Arch Intern Med. 2003;163(15):1825-9. 12. Bremer JP, Jauch-Chara K, Hallschmid M, et al. Hypoglycemia unawareness in older compared with middle-aged patients with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2009;32(8):1513-7. 13. Alagiakrishnan K, Mereu L. Approach to managing hypoglycemia in elderly patients with diabetes. Postgrad Med. 2010;122(3):129-37. 14. Chelliah A, Burge M. Hypoglycaemia in elderly patients with diabetes mellitus: causes and strategies for prevention

Open access

Aleksandra Kępa, Grzegorz Bakalczuk, Zuzanna Toruń, Weronika Topyła, Maciej Putowski and Artur Wdowiak

kobiet w wieku okołomenopauzalnym, zamieszkujących tereny wiejskie. Prz Menopauzalny. 2009;5:284-9. 18. Bello F, Daramola O. Attitude to the Menopause and Sex amongst Middle-Aged Women in a Family Medicine Clinic in Ibadan, Nigeria. OGIJ. 2016, Article ID 2031056, http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/2031056

Open access

Agnieszka Marzec, Michał Skrzypek and Zbigniew Marzec

konsumenta. Żywność. Nauka. Technologia. Jakość. 2011;4(77):5-23. 22. Nachtigal MC, Patterson RE, Stratton KL, et al. Dietary supplements and weight control in a middle-age population. J Altern Complement Med. 2005;11(5):909-15. 23. Yazaki Y, Faridi Z, Ma Y, et al. A pilot study of chromium picolinate for weight loss. J Altern Complement Med. 2010;16(3):291-9. 24. Rozporządzenie Ministra Zdrowia z dnia 24 kwietnia 2017 r. zmieniające rozporządzenie w sprawie składu oraz oznakowania suplementów diety (Dz. U z 18 maja 2017r

Open access

Zbigniew Dziubiński and Beata Magdziarz

Abstract

Introduction. Differences and inequalities connected with the place where a person lives are a subject of interest to social sciences, sociology in particular. Empirical findings indicate that residents of urban and rural areas differ significantly in terms of such variables as physical development, health condition, life expectancy, affluence, education level, access to power, cultural capital and so on. It is interesting to check whether the above regularity also applies to young people's attitudes towards physical culture. The aim of this study was to examine attitudes which middle school pupils (ages between 13 and 16) in Poland's urban and rural areas held to physical culture. Material and methods. The study involved a survey conducted between 10th November 2011 and 10th March 2012 on a purposive sample of 336 children. They were pupils aged 13-16 in two middle schools in Świętokrzyskie province: the Jan Karski no. 4 Middle School in the city of Kielce and the John Paul II Middle School in the village of Masłów, Kielce county. The diagnostic poll method was used in the study and an original, categorised poll was the research tool. The surveying technique was an auditorium questionnaire. Results. After analysis, empirical data obtained from the survey shows that the place of residence causes slights differences in middle school pupils' attitudes towards physical culture. The data allows for the conclusion that pupils from urban areas possess a little better knowledge of physical culture than their peers from rural areas. Pupils from villages have, in turn, a slightly more positive emotional approach to physical culture than pupils in cities. Urban middle school pupils manifest more positive behaviours within physical culture than rural pupils. The place of residence does not cause such striking differences in attitudes to physical culture as it does in other social and cultural variables, such as affluence, education level, access to power, health condition, fitness, participation in culture and so on.

Open access

Jamie P. Halsall and Ian G. Cook

). Kibbutz-diary: socialism for the 21 st century, www.huffingtonpost.com/david-dagan Accessed June 14th 2017. Department of Economic and Social Affairs (2015). World Population Aging 2015 . United Nations: New York. Dummer, T. J. B., Halsall, J. P. & Cook, I. G. (2011). Longevity in the 21 st Century: A Global Environmental Perspective. International Journal of Society Systems Science , 3(4): pp. 307-24. Glicksman A. &Aydin, M. J. (2009).Introduction to Special Issue of Journal of Cross Cultural Gerontology on Aging and the Middle East. Journal of

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Karolina Raczyńska, Grzegorz Żurek, Ryszard Barej, Oskar Pelzer and Siegfried Lehrl

Literature 1. Osiński W. (2013). Gerokinesiology – the science and practice of physical activity for the elderly . Warszawa: PZWL. [in Polish] 2. Szpringer M., Wybraniec-Lewicka B., Czerwiak B., Michalska M., Krawczyńska J. (2008). Falls and injuries in geriatic age. Studia Medyczne 9, 77-81. [in Polish] 3. Kryńska E., Szukalski P. (2013). Active ageing measures in European Union countries. Final report . Łódź: Universytet Łódzki. [in Polish] 4. Department of Health and Social Services (2007) National Health Programme for the years

Open access

Liudmila Liutsko

References 1. Gironell A., Liutsko L., Muinos R., Tous J.M. (2012). Differences based on fine motor behaviour in Parkinson's patients compared to an age matched control group in proprioceptive and visuo-proprioceptive test conditions. Anuario de Psicologia 42(2), 183-197. 2. Liutsko L. (2014). Age and sex differences in proprioception (fine motor precision). Scholars' Press. 3. Liutsko L., Tous J.M. (2014). Sex and cultural differences in proprioception based on fine motor performance. Perso- nality and