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Klemens Hłodzik, Ewelina Dziwota, Hanna Karakuła-Juchnowicz and Marcin Olajossy


From the ancient times up till now hysteria has been a mysterious and intriguing issue. The authors of this article using mainly the work of Etienne Trillat of the same title, present the most important facts from the history of hysteria. Our work shows how notions of hysteria known initially as uterine dyspnoea, which was the term used by Hippocrates in the seventh tome of his “Collected Works” evolved step by step. At the end of 1st century AD a newcomer to Rome, Soranus of Ephesus, as an experienced anatomist in his “Treatise on midwifery and the diseases of women” moved away from the old ideas of Plato and Hippocrates equating uterus to an animal. How did views on hysteria develop throughout Middle Ages, Renaissance or World Wars period? In this article the authors are trying to determine the nature of hysteria as well as what remained from hysteria in the contemporary times, depicting hysteria’s elusiveness as a disease, many difficulties with its definition and connection with many shocking events in history of mankind. From the ancient sages, through Kramer, Sprenger, Wier, Harvey, Willis, Sydenham, Blackmore up until Mesmer, Freud and many others. From hysteric witches, beings suffering from vapors, through sensitive, fragile and musing women up until mythomaniacs, nymphomaniacs and what we define today as histrionic personality disorder. In the words of French neurologist and a creator of psychiatry – Charcot – hysteria existed forever, everywhere and all-time. Why did it vanish though? Authors of this article will address this problem in the final part, trying to determine the cause.

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Ewa Zawadzka and Łucja Domańska

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Zofia Radikova, Adela Penesova, Miroslav Vlcek, Andrea Havranova, Monika Sivakova, Pavel Siarnik, Ingrid Zitnanova, Richard Imrich, Branislav Kollar and Peter Turcani

Framingham risk score of coronary heart disease in middle-aged men with increased non-HDL cholesterol. Int J Cardiol 168, 3853–3858, 2013. Jorissen W, Wouters E, Bogie JF, Vanmierlo T, Noben JP, Sviridov D, Hellings N, Somers V, Valcke R, Vanwijmeersch B, Stinissen P, Mulder MT, Remaley AT, Hendriks JJ. Relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis patients display an altered lipoprotein profile with dysfunctional HDL. Sci Rep 7, 43410, 2017. Jorissen W, Vanmierlo T, Wens I, Somers V, Van Wijmeersch B, Bogie JF, Remaley AT, Eijnde BO, Hendriks JJA. Twelve Weeks of

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Zahra Mogaddami, Farzam Sheikhzadeh, Homeira Hatami, Seyed Mahdi Banan Khojasteh, Nazli Khajehnasiri, Ali Reza Ali Hemmati and Ali Dastranj

with type 2 diabetes. Hormones (Athens) 10, 125-130, 2011. Wachtel TJ, Tetu-Mouradjian LM, Goldman DL, Ellis SE, O’Sullivan PS. Hyperosmolarity and acidosis in diabetes mellitus: a three-year experience in Rhode Island. J Gen Intern Med 6, 495-502, 1991. Yu Z, Ye X, Wang J, Qi Q, Franco OH, Rennie KL, Pan A, Li H, Liu Y, Hu FB, Lin X. Associations of physical activity with inflammatory factors, adipocytokines, and metabolic syndrome in middle-aged and older chinese people. Circulation 119, 2969-2977, 2009.

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Hisham El Falougy, Barbora Filova, Daniela Ostatnikova, Zuzana Bacova and Jan Bakos

patients with autistic disorder: an MRI study. Neurology 57, 245–254, 2001. Courchesne E, Campbell K, Solso S. Brain growth across the life span in autism: age-specific changes in anatomical pathology. Brain Res 1380, 138–145, 2011a. Courchesne E, Mouton PR, Calhoun ME, Semendeferi K, Ahrens-Barbeau C, Hallet MJ, Barnes CC, Pierce K. Neuron number and size in prefrontal cortex of children with autism. JAMA 306, 2001–2010, 2011b. Crawford JD, Chandley MJ, Szebeni K, Szebeni A, Waters B, Ordway GA. Elevated GFAP Protein in Anterior Cingu-late Cortical

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DE Barre, KA Mizier-Barre, O Griscti and K Hafez

of insulin secretion. Diabetes 53, 2610–2616, 2004. Morita S, Shimajiri Y, Sakagashira S, Furuta M, Sanke T. Effect of exposure to non-esterified fatty acid on progressive deterioration of insulin secretion in patients with Type 2 diabetes, a long-term follow-up study. Diabet Med 29, 980–985, 2012. Muramatsu T, Yatsuya H, Toyoshima H, Sasaki S, Li Y, Otsuka R, Wada K, Hotta Y, Mitsuhashi H, Matsushita K, Murohara T, Tamakoshi K. Higher dietary intake of alpha-linolenic acid is associated with lower insulin resistance in middle-aged Japanese. Prev Med 50

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Joanna Róg and Hanna Karakuła-Juchnowicz

Res. 2015; 169(1-3): 491-3. 8. Sepehrmanesh Z., Kolahdooz F., Abedi F., Mazroii N., Assarian A., Asemi Z., Esmaillzadeh A. Vitamin D Supplementation Affects the Beck Depression Inventory, Insulin Resistance, and Biomarkers of Oxidative Stress in Patients with Major Depressive Disorder: A Randomized, Controlled Clinical Trial. J Nutr. 2016; 146(2): 243-8. 9. Jacka F.N., Ystrom E., Brantsaeter A.L., Karevold E., Roth C., Haugen M., Meltzer H.M., Schjolberg S., Berk M. Maternal and early postnatal nutrition and mental health of offspring by age 5 years: a