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J. Csapó, G. Holló, I. Holló, R. V. Salamon, Sz. Salamon, Sz. Toró and Zs. Csapóné Kiss

Abstract

Until the middle of the last century, selenium was considered to be toxic, but recently it turned out to be a micronutrient with important physiological effects, whose lack impedes the functioning of several enzymes, while in the case of a prolonged deficiency, disease processes can also occur in the body. Hungary belongs to the selenium-deficient regions in Europe; therefore, our aim was to contribute to the improvement of selenium supply of the population through increasing the selenium content of milk and dairy products. A daily supplementation of 1-6 mg organic selenium to the feed of dairy cows increases the selenium content of milk from the value of 18 μg/kg to 94 μg/kg in 8 weeks, decreasing again to the initial value in 6 weeks after stopping the supplementation.

After producing various products from the control milk (18 μg/kg selenium content) and the selenium-enriched milk (53 μg/kg) obtained from dairy cattle fed on a feed supplemented with 2 mg selenium/day, we concluded that the selenium content of selenium-enriched milk compared to the products produced from the control milk increased from the value of 18.6 to 58.5 μg/kg in the case of yogurt, from 66.0 to 138.1 μg/kg in the case of telemea, from 80.8 to 163.7 μg/kg in the case of orda (urdă) and from 88.6 to 200.0 μg/kg in the case of semi-hard cheese obtained by mixed-coagulation. The selenium content of whey also increased significantly (from 8.8-9.7 μg/kg to 20.1-25.8 μg/kg), which could also be used as a food for people or feed for animals. According to our calculations, the selenium requirements of the developing organism could be satisfied by the consumption of 2-3 dl selenium-enriched milk until the age of 8 and with 4-6 dl selenium-enriched milk until the age of 20.

Open access

Bohumil Frantál, Jiří Malý, Martin Ouředníček and Jiří Nemeškal

Abstract

The effect of geographical distance on the extent of socioeconomic impacts of the Dukovany nuclear power plant in the Czech Republic is assessed by combining two different research approaches. First, we survey how people living in municipalities in the vicinity of the power plant perceive impacts on their personal quality of life. Second, we explore the effects of the power plant on regional development by analysing long-term statistical data about the unemployment rate, the share of workers in the energy sector and overall job opportunities in the respective municipalities. The results indicate that the power plant has had significant positive impacts on surrounding communities both as perceived by residents and as evidenced by the statistical data. The level of impacts is, however, significantly influenced by the spatial and social distances of communities and individuals from the power plant. The perception of positive impacts correlates with geographical proximity to the power plant, while the hypothetical distance where positive effects on the quality of life are no longer perceived was estimated at about 15 km. Positive effects are also more likely to be reported by highly educated, young and middle-aged and economically active persons, whose work is connected to the power plant.

Open access

Jindřich Frajer and David Fiedor

–21. STEWART, G. R. (1945): Names on the land: A historical account of place-naming in the United States. Boston, Houghton Mifflin. SVANBERG, I., CIOS, S. (2014): Petrus Magni and the history of fresh-water aquaculture in the later Middle Ages. Archives of natural history, 41(1): 124–130. ŠANTRŮČKOVÁ, M., DEMKOVÁ, K., WEBER, M., LIPSKÝ, Z., DOSTÁLEK, J. (2017): Long term changes in water areas and wetlands in an intensively farmed landscape: A case study from the Czech Republic. European Countryside, 9(1): 132–144. ŠMILAUER, V. (1963): Úvod do toponomastiky

Open access

Katarzyna Krot and João Pedro Sousa

, 28(4), 532-547. Barclay, T. R., Hinkin, Ch. H., Castellon, S. A., Mason, K. I., Reinhard, M. J., Marion, S. D., Levine, A. J., & Durvasula, R. S. (2007). Age-associated predictors of medication adherence in HIV-positive adults. Health beliefs, self-efficacy, and neurocognitive status. Health Psychology, 26(1), 40-49. Bedeian, A. G., & Mossholder, K. W. (1994). Simple question, not so simple answer: Interpreting interaction terms in moderated multiple regression. Journal of Management, 20(1), 159-165. Bertakis, K. D

Open access

Gregory E. Osland, Robert Mackoy and Marleen McCormick

-58 [10] Enders, W., Sandler, T., & Parise, G. F. (1992). An econometric analysis of the impact of terrorism on tourism. Kyklos, 45(4), 531-554 [11] Farr-Wharton, B., Brown, K., Dick, T., & Peterson, D. (2012). Building resilience: Bundling tourism experiences around anchor activities. Paper presented at the CAUTHE 2012: The new golden age of tourism and hospitality; Book 1; Proceedings of the 22nd Annual Conference [12] Fischhoff, B., De Bruin, W. B., Perrin, W., & Downs, J. (2004). Travel risks in a time of terror: Judgments and choices. Risk Analysis, 24

Open access

Milan Jocković, Petar Čanak, Vladimir Miklič, Jelena Ovuka, Velimir Radić, Siniša Jocić, Sandra Cvejić and Ana Marjanović-Jeromela

., FALLAH, S., TADAYYON, A.: Seed priming improves seed germination and reduces oxidative stress in black cumin ( Nigella sativa ) in presence of cadmium. Industrial Crops and Products, 79, 195-204, 2016. FRANČÁKOVÁ, H., LÍŠKOVÁ, M.: Dormancy of malting barley in relation to physiological parameters of barley grain. Acta Fytotechnica et Zootechnica, 12, 20–23, 2009. GHASEMI, E., GOODARZIAN-GHAHFAROKHI, M., DARVISHI, B., HEIDARI-KAZAFI, Z.: The effect of hydro-priming on germination characteristics, seedling growth and antioxidant activity of accelerated aging

Open access

Alena Kononowicz

Abstract

Leśnica, today the settlement on the western edge of Wrocław, formerly was an independent town, located on a previously wooded area, with a linear street system. It developed in the Middle Ages around the castle and church playing a service role for the Silesian Piast court on their way to Legnica and during hunting. In the thirteenth century it received city rights, and lost them in the eighteenth century. After the Piast dynasty had died out, it was sold by John of Luxembourg, and repeatedly changed its owners. In the nineteenth century it developed thanks to the industry, tourism and a convenient railway connection to Wrocław as well as hotel and restaurant facilities. In 1928, Leśnica was incorporated into Wrocław. After the Second World War, it lost its cultural continuity. In the 1970's, middle-heigh and high prefabricated buildings were built in the vicinity of a residential district. At the end of the twentieth and early twenty-first century, local industries were liquidated, and intensive land development started, causing the systematic blurring of its small-town character and its urban space started to acquire a character of a big city. In 2004, the old part of Leśnica was entered in the Register of Monuments. Also a ring road was planned, moving the cumbersome and dangerous transit traffic away from historic Średzka Street beyond the southern border of the settlement.

Open access

Maciej Płotkowiak

Abstract

St. Mary's parish church in Chojna was erected at the turn of XIV and XVc. in a shape of three aisles, hall church without transept, completed from the west with a single tower and from the east with polygonal presbytery with an ambulatory attached. The convergence of characteristic structural and decorative features with employed ones in medieval churches being attributed to Hinrich Brunsberg's fabric resulted in such a way, that also authorship of St. Mary in Chojna was assigned to this legendary architect and master builder of late Middle Ages period. The church was destroyed by fire during WWII in February 1945 and since then had remained as an open ruin. In 1997 reconstruction procedure of the church was begun under the leadership of the author and it still continues. This text consists of the sum of experiences connected with confronting design ideas and solutions with their executions on the site during construction works.

Open access

Tomasz Błaszczyński and Wojciech Sokołowski

Abstract

This paper is about the renovation of the baroque palace in Żagań. The journey starts at what was once a Medieval castle and finishes in the XIX century at the villa of Żagań Princes. Now the building is a XIX century villa maintained in a baroque style. The castle was built in the Middle Ages by Silesian Piasts and rebuilt three times, first by prince Wallenstein, then by prince Lobkovic, and finally, in the XVIII century, by princess Talleyrand. It remained the property of a French citizen until the 1960s, with its condition slowly decaying. In 1965, it was almost totally destroyed. Then the first renovation and revitalization works were initiated, lasting almost twenty years. The second renovation took place in the years 2007-2013, co-funded by the European Union. However, as a result of some cost cutting, the palace now requires a further, third approach to renovation.

Open access

Jaime R. S. Fonseca, Rosária M. P. Ramos, Ana M. P. Santos and Ana P. S. S. Fonseca

Abstract

In this paper, public health care administration issues are reviewed and public hospital patients’ views on quality of health care are empirically tested. The purpose is to support the recommendation of new public policies that lead to better performance, if necessary. Hospital patients’ views on service quality were assessed through a questionnaire to estimate a global customer satisfaction measure. We argue that customer satisfaction should be measured through multiple indicators, as a latent variable. Thus, we considered the latent segment models (LSM) approach to assess customer service satisfaction. We found a twosegment latent structure: segment 1, the satisfied, with 48 percent of patients, mostly male and middle-aged patients; and segment 2, the unsatisfied, with 52 percent of patients, mostly female and youngest/oldest patients.