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Gabrijela Kragujević

Summary

Under the influence of the French bourgeois revolution and the free-minded, educated patriots, many European nations, revolted by the state and position of their peoples, awoke. Strongly influenced by democratism, liberalism and national romanticism, the first national states were created in Europe (Germany, France, and Italy), while in nationally deprived entities there were national leaders of the “revolutionary” movements striving towards national emancipation from the foreign authorities. Under the given social and historical circumstances in the Czech Republic, a gymnastic society was founded with the basic task of a camouflaged struggle for national revival and emancipation. It required the physical power, health, and morale of people, with the contribution of physical exercise with its means and methods. This opinion was the guiding principle for Miroslav Tyrš, MD, and his close associates who established, developed and expanded the Sokol gymnastic system, transformed from the higher national importance to the Slavic Sokol movement and creation of a universal humanistic system of physical exercise. The Sokol gymnastic system was based on democratic liberal ideological foundations, consisting of unique, consistent and coherent elements: organizations, ideologies, systems of physical exercises, socio-educational methods, Sokol dedication, members and Sokol press. The Sokol educational methodology was one of the most important elements of their work, and it could be carried out only in symbiosis and synergy with the Sokol ideology, the system of physical exercises, members and printed material.

The Sokol gymnastic system was built on a scientific basis and systematics with its source in philosophical views of Tyrš and his immediate personal experience.

Open access

Stanisław Juszczyk

Abstract

Using social media Web sites is among the most common activities of today’s children and adolescents. Such sites offer today’s youth a portal for entertainment and communication, and have grown exponentially in recent years. Parents and teachers become aware of the nature of social media sites, thus they do not know that not all of them are healthy environments for children and adolescents. This field is important because pedagogists, psychologists and pediatrics need to understand how youth lives in a new, massive, and complex virtual universe, even as they carry on their lives in the real world. In the article I have presented a discussion of a few empirical research carried out by different authors to show various aspects of child and adolescent development in this virtual universe and to present the methodological implications of such types of studies.

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László Neidert and Kinga Bíró

Abstract

PIB is a research project pertaining to the psychotherapeutic potential of Lego bricks. This is based on Lego Group’s own method called Lego Seriousplay and Eric Berne's transactional analysis as a theoretical background. If we see it from the Lego’s aspect, our plan is a training like LSP. It is only alike because of the special application. We made a lot of modifications according to the original methodology. In this document we would like to present details of our research we have been working on for almost two years. The characteristics of our methodology will be illustrated, too.

Open access

Johannes Schädler and Carmen Dorrance

Abstract

This paper presents concept, methodology and preliminary results of a European research project on inclusive education of persons with disabilities. The project pathways to inclusion (p2i) is funded by the EU Commission and coordinated by the European umbrella organization European Association of Service Providers for Persons with Disabilities (EASPD). To get an overview on legal situations, practice and progression related to inclusive education a ‘barometer assessment’ instrument was developed and applied in 10 EU countries. The barometer criteria are deducted from Art. 24 of UN CRPD, the methodology follow the idea of the Open Method of Coordination and is explained as an information based rating. Selected results of the assessment are presented. The barometer instrument has proven as an effective tool for data analysis and assessment.

Open access

Francisco J. García-Rodríguez, Desiderio Gutiérrez-Taño and Inés Ruiz-Rosa

Abstract

Parallel to the consolidation of Business Model approach in different fields of Management, a delay is detected in its application to entrepreneurship education. These applications should conceivably be paralleled by a gradual adaptation of the methodological approaches, with educational establishments incorporating the business model focus and foundations and evaluating the results of its use. The current work aims to constitute an advance in this direction. The paper reports on the results-in terms of the improvement in enterprise potential-of an experiment testing two different pedagogical methodologies in entrepreneurship education on two groups of students studying for degrees in Building Engineering at a Spanish university: a classic methodology based on the development of a business plan, and a new one based on the business model. The results show that students assigned to the methodology based on the business model had a significantly higher level of enterprise potential.

Open access

Dana Dobrovská and Pavel Andres

Abstract

The aim of the current survey was to make the outcomes of an analysis of mature-age student essays available in a convenient form to those who might be interested – engineering teachers and faculty management. Results of this survey are compared with a similar one conducted 8 years ago. Students presumed high expertise of their teachers, but also underlined importance of the real-world engineering examples.

Open access

Urszula Markowska-Manista

­dren related to research methodology. In: A. Invernizzi & J. Williams (Eds.), The human rights of children: From visions to implementation (pp. 159-178). ASHGATE. Canosa, A., Graham A., Wilson, E. (2018). Reflexivity and ethical mindfulness in participa­tory research with children: What does it really look like? Childhood, 25(3), 400-415. Christensen, P., & Prout, A. (2002). Working with ethical symmetry in social research with children. Childhood, 9(4), 477-497. Clark, J. (2004). Participatory research with children and young

Open access

Anna Cox and Victoria Clydesdale

Psychotherapy [online], 45, 26-35. Available from DOI: 10.1016/j.aip.2015.05.004 (accessed: January 16, 2019). Kaparti, A., & Kay, L. (2013). Visual Expression of Beauty and Ugliness in Adolescent Art. International Journal of Education through Art, 9(2), 155-171. Available from: 10.1386/eta.9.2.155_1(accessed: February 18, 2017). Kuadu, J. (2012). Research Methodology: A Project Guide for University Students [online]. Frederiksberg: Samfundslitteratur Press. Available from: ProQuest Ebook Central. (accessed: January 16, 2019

Open access

Федор Собянин, Елена Карабутова and Игорь Никулин

Summary

Based on the analysis of literature, comparison, induction, deduction was conducted to study the essence of the notion “physical culture”. It is shown that in some countries the notion “physical culture” is an umbrella for the study of physical perfection of man, but in many countries generic are other concepts. Even those authors who study the theory and methodology of physical culture, not always involved in the definition of “physical culture”. Evaluation study of the concepts as species for the theory of common culture and generic for the theory of physical culture has identified the need to develop the basic concepts of “physical culture”. The diversity of the content of the physical activities required the development of special formulas for the definition of “physical culture”. The study formulated and basic concept of “physical culture”, suitable for professional training, as well as the definition of the concept for level of students in secondary schools and higher – level researchers in the field of theory and methodology of physical perfection.