-387. Bowles, M. A. (2010a) T he Think-aloud controversy in language acquisition research . New York: Routledge. Bowles, M. A. (2010b).Concurrent verbal reports in second language acquisition research. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics 30, 111-127. Bowles, M. A. &Leow, R. P.(2005). Reactivity and type of verbal report in SLA research methodology: Expanding the scope of investigation. Studies in Second Language Acquisition , 27 417-440. Bybee, J. (2010). Language, usage, and cognition . New York: Cambridge
.). (2009). Implicit and explicit knowledge of second language learning, testing, and teaching. Bristol: Multilingual Matters. Erdelyi, M. H. (1986). Experimental indeterminacies in the dissociation paradigm of subliminal perception: Comment on Holender (1986). Behavioural and Brain Sciences , 9 , 30-31. Ericsson, K., & Simon, H. (1993). Protocol analysis: Verbal reports as data (2nd ed.). Boston, MA: MIT Press. Eriksen, C. W. (1960). Discrimination and learning without awareness: A methodological survey and
The article discusses the issue of the necessity of obtaining informed consent from an individual who is to be a participant in an experiment. Codes of ethics concerning the behaviour of a psychologist fundamentally do not permit conducting experiments without informing their participants in advance that they will be conducted. Meanwhile, the act of obtaining prior consent (and thus of informing the study participant that they will be taking part in an experiment) can have a significant impact on results. The article describes an experiment in the field of social influence psychology during which one group was asked for their informed consent to participate in a study, while the second was simply presented with the main request (to sign a letter to the mayor about reducing the number of parking spaces for the disabled). The results demonstrate the strong influence of awareness that a study is being conducted on the decisions taken in the course of the experiment.
). Systematycznie Modyfi kowane Autoreplikacje: logika programu badań empirycznych w psychologii. [Systematically Modifi ed Auto-Replications: the logic of the empirical research program in psychology.] W: Brzeziński J. (red.). Metodologia bada ń psychologicznych. Wybór tekstów (s. 44 - 68). [ Methodology of the psychological research. Selected papers ] Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN. Zillmann, D., Katcher, A. H., & Milavsky, B. (1972). Excitation transfer from physical exercise to subsequent aggressive behavior. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology
Anine H. Riege, Unni Sulutvedt and Karl Halvor Teigen
., & Conrad, F. G. (2008). Eye-tracking data: New insights on response order effects and other cognitive shortcuts in survey responding. Public Opinion Quarterly, 72(5), 892-913. doi: 10.1093/poq/nfn059 Glaholt, M. G., & Reingold, E. M. (2011). Eye movement monitoring as a process tracing methodology in decision making research. Journal of Neuroscience, Psychology, and Economics, 4(2), 125-146. doi:10.1037/a0020692 Graesser, A. C., Cai, Z. Q., Louwerse, M. M., & Daniel, F. (2006). Question Understanding Aid (QUAID): A Web facility that tests
Wojciech Domozych and Wojciech Łukasz Dragan
). Dissociation, schizotypy, and fantasy proneness in undergraduate students. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 188, 428-431. Munafo, M.R., Yalcin, B., Willis-Owen, S.A., & Flint, J. (2008). Association of the dopamine D4 receptor (DRD4) gene and approachrelated personality traits: Meta-analysis and new data. Biological Psychiatry, 63, 197-206. Neale, M.C., & Cardon, L.R. (1992). Methodology for genetic studies of twins and families. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers. Noble, E.P., Ozkaragoz, T.Z., Ritchie, T.L., Zhang, X
Anna Borkowska and Agnieszka Czerw
C.M. Cassell and G. Symon (Eds.), Essential Guide to Qualitative Methods in Organizational Research: A Practical Guide, 11-22. London: Sage. Kostera, M. (2007). Wprowadzenie do badań etnografi cznych polskich fi rm [Introduction to the ethnographic research of Polish companies]. Gdańsk: GWP. Kostera, M. (2003). Antropologia organizacji: metodologia badań terenowych [Anthropology of organizations: fi eld research methodology]. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN. Maslow, A.H. (1954). Motivation and personality. New York
. (2009). Self-informant agreement in well-being ratings: A meta-analysis. Social Indicators Research, 94 , 363-376. Schwarz, N., & Clore, G. L. (1983). Mood, misattribution, and judgments of well-being: Informative and directive functions of affective states. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 45 , 513-523. Schwarz, N., & Strack, F. (1999). Reports of subjective well-being: Judgmental processes and their methodological implications. In Kahneman, D., Diener, E., & Schwarz, N. (Eds.), Well-Being: The Foundations of Hedonic
Tomasz Zaleskiewicz and Anna Hełka
Gender differences in allocation choices made by children aged 5 to 6
The main aim of this article is to supplement gaps in current knowledge concerning the development of competences related to goods allocation choices. We conducted a study in which 158 children aged 5 to 6 made choices concerning allocations of goods between themselves and the other, anonymous child. The crucial findings point to boys as more selfish in their choices than girls. Furthermore, we provide evidence for the claim that young children (especially boys) are aware that their choices are egoistic. Since our study adopted a similar methodology to that of the recent Swiss study, we were able to conduct cross-cultural analysis. The comparison of children's choices in the Polish study and the Swiss one pictures Polish children as displaying a stronger egalitarian preferences and revealing egoistic preferences less frequently than the children from Switzerland.
Working memory training (WMT) has recently become one of the most debated issues in the field of cognitive psychology. Since working memory (WM) is considered a strong correlate of IQ, numerous researchers have been trying to increase the latter by training the former. Proven effectiveness of working memory training could lead to its application in the therapy of many cognitive impairments. WMT could be also used as a tool of improving cognitive functioning of healthy subjects. However, almost every publication claiming to provide evidence for achieving one of above mentioned objectives has been criticised, mostly because of methodological shortcomings.
The aim of my presentation is to extract potential sources of inconsistencies existing between the authors of meta-analysis and reviews of WMT research. For this reason I take a closer look at results and conclusions of several meta-analysis and reviews. As a result I point few indications that should be taken into consideration in future studies on WMT effectiveness.