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Rita Pletl

Abstract

The programme which was planned for more stages started in 2010 and undertook the monitoring of Hungarian news programmes (since 2011, cultural programmes have also been monitored) of national audiovisual media from different regions. The aim of monitoring these programmes is to study the strength of samples as to what extent professional speakers, reporters observe the norms of vernacular language and to what extent their use of language acts as part of sample language in a regional, bilingual, and dialectical environment.

In my study, I present the methodological questions of media monitoring (the aspects of sampling, the requirements regarding content and form in processing documentary material), paying attention to the differences between Romanian and Hungarian media-monitoring programmes.

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Laura Panades-Estruch

Successful PhD Proposal, City University Law School , [online]. Available at: < https://www.city.ac.uk/__data/assets/pdf_file/0007/87820/ Writing-a-Successful-PhD-Proposal-Guidance-Notes.pdf> [accessed 27 July 2018]. Cryer, R., and Hervey, T. and Sokhi-Bulley, B., 2011. Research Methodologies in EU and International Law . Oxford: Hart Publishing. Eisenberg, T., 2011. The Origins, Nature and Promise of Empirical Legal Studies and a Response to Concerns. U Ill L Rev , 2011(5): 1713-38. Eraut, M., 2004. Informal Learning in the Workplace. Studies

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Jaroslav Ušiak

Abstract

State security policy is not created in a vacuum. In general, policy‑making is affected by external and internal variables and influences on the security environment as well as by responses to all these factors. Political decision‑making is another significant intervening variable. The aim of this study is to define the security environment of the Visegrad countries in both its narrow and broader senses. To this end, I consider common factors that have affected - and continue to influence - all four countries in order to reveal and evaluate the policy development processes in these states up to the present day. My methodology relies on case studies that trace the security policies of each of the Visegrad countries since the end of the bipolar standoff. The comparison in my conclusion highlights significant challenges now affecting the security policies of all these countries including defence budgets, the crisis in Ukraine, the position of EU member states and growing nationalism and extremism.

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Ondřej Mocek

Abstract

Aim of this paper is to analyse the behaviour of Czech MEPs in the topics related to Europe 2020 Strategy. This Strategy is one of the most important documents of recent decade on the European level and it is not so often studied on the level of the European Parliament. The purpose of this text is to find out if Czech political parties in the European Parliament are cohesive or not. The second question is related to the voting patterns, whether Czech MEPs create some kind of voting coalitions or not and if these coalitions reflect the national coalition. Methodology is based on the analyses of roll-call votes. The research period is the first two years of the 8th term of the European Parliament.

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Jaroslav Ušiak

Abstract

The need for security and defence cooperation is a significant driver bringing together many nation‑state groupings. Today, the renewal and strengthening of this cooperation is a pressing concern for all such alliances around the world. This cooperation is rooted in the history that initially highlighted its potential, but it also encompasses contemporary relationships formed under the influence of enormous challenges and pressures. Finally it draws on the past successes and failures of the group in question. The aim of this study is to trace the beginnings of the security‑related cooperation of the Visegrad countries and locate the point of coordination of their respective security policies. My methodology is based on an analysis and synthesis of key source materials, making use of different types of analytical approaches. In order to identify the factors that connected the V4 states, I have applied a comparative method. My conclusion highlights important areas of security‑related cooperation ranging from the coordination of energy policies to military and defence matters and social protection including the fight against extremism, radicalism and hybrid threats.

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Irina Valko

: UNEP/GRID, 2010. Available at: http://www.grida.no/publications/vg/arctic/ (15 April 2015). Bartsits, I. O pravovom statuse rossijskogo arkticheskogo sektora.” Pravo i politika # 12, 2000 (In Russian: Барциц, И. “О правовом статусе российского арктического сектора,” Право и политика № 12, 2000); р. 1+. Available at: http://geo.1september.ru/view_article.php?id=200700102 (15 April 2015). Blaug, Mark. The Methodology of Economics: Or how economists explain. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992. Bueno de Mesquita

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Andrea Schmidt

-crisis-has-given-unsettling-new-direction-old-alliance-big-bad-visegrad De Lombaerde -Van Langenhove Indicators of regional integration, conceptual and methodological aspects, In: ed. De Lombaerde: Assesment and Measurement of Regional Integration, Routledge, Lomdonand New York, 9-42 Dobson, W. (1991): Economic Policy Coordination: Requiem or Prologue? Policy Analyses in International Economics, vol 30. Dostal, Vit (n.d.): Debating V4: A Czech Perspective http://www.cepolicy.org/publications/debating-v4-vit-dostal Drabek, Z. (1997) Regional and Sub-Regional Orban in Central and Eastern Europe: an

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Editor-in-chief Krystyna Kujawinska Courtney

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Liutauras Gudžinskas

Officials We Trust: Institutional Confidence in Europe. The American Review of Public Administration 42 (5): 523–542 Grzymala-Busse, Anna (2007): Rebuilding Leviathan . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Hall, Peter (2003): Aligning Ontology and Methodology in Comparative Politics, in Mahoney, James – Rueschmeyer, Dietrich (eds). Comparative Historical Analysis in the Social Sciences , 373–404, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Hardin, Russell (2006): Trust . Cambridge: Polity Press. Hellman, Joel S. (1998): Winners Take All: The