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Rita Pletl

Abstract

The programme which was planned for more stages started in 2010 and undertook the monitoring of Hungarian news programmes (since 2011, cultural programmes have also been monitored) of national audiovisual media from different regions. The aim of monitoring these programmes is to study the strength of samples as to what extent professional speakers, reporters observe the norms of vernacular language and to what extent their use of language acts as part of sample language in a regional, bilingual, and dialectical environment.

In my study, I present the methodological questions of media monitoring (the aspects of sampling, the requirements regarding content and form in processing documentary material), paying attention to the differences between Romanian and Hungarian media-monitoring programmes.

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Alina Kowalczyk-Juśko and Bogdan Kościk

Abstract

Subject and purpose of work: The aim of the study is to identify methodological problems, which may be encountered during the preparation of the energy balance of a territorial unit, along with indications of ways to solve them. Materials and methods: Problems were identified during the preparation of the energy balance for two selected rural communes and then they were investigated with reference to the literature on this subject. Results: Estimating the energy demand of a local government unit requires proper identification of the groups of energy consumers, divided into facilities owned or co-owned by communes and ones independent from commune authorities. The latter group is divided further, into households, businesses, farms. For each of the users different methods of obtaining data may be needed: a survey and analysis of statistical data, analysis of financial documents, evaluation of the buildings’ age. Generally, however, preparing an energy balance statement requires many simultaneous approaches, and the combination of multi-criterion analysis provides the most reliable picture of the problem. Conclusions: The scope of the data needed to compile an energy balance statement for local government units, depends on the purpose of the developed analysis. Methodological handbooks and training materials on this subject are helpful, but the developed methodologies may need to be modified and adapted to specific conditions.

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Nikolay Stefanov and Ilian Lilov

Abstract

The improvement of the outsourcing process is directly related to the planned ideas of the managing bodies of the Bulgarian Armed Forces and the initiatives to be implemented. This in turn determines the need to analyse and evaluate the efficiency of the performance of the outsourcing service. The objective is to identify possible deviations from the requirements of the client military unit and to take action to change or improve the outsourcing process. The analysis and evaluation of the efficiency of the used outsourcing services enables an overall vision of the outsourcing process and the fulfillment of the set goals. This article studies and analyses the possibilities for applying a methodology for analysis and evaluation of the effectiveness of the use of outsourcing services in the Bulgarian Armed Forces

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Viktor Chuzhykov, Oleksandr Fedirko and Andrii Chuzhykov

Abstract

The transformational 1990s significantly differentiated the regional model of Ukraine, which eventually began to resemble a system of uncontrolled chronic economic decline, as the existing planning and regulatory methods had become redundant, the market-based approaches being not actualized. The methodological vacuum in which Ukraine found itself did not allow regions to solve the existing problems by means of European economic convergence instruments. Despite the fact that more and more theories and concepts appeared in the leading developed countries (regional competitiveness, city- region, beautiful places, creative city, localization, etc.), national science used outdated ideas of planned regulation, inappropriate in market economy. The effect of government policies resembled core measures of the neoliberal model, while maintaining a high degree of administrative centralization.

FDI inflow fundamentally altered the regional landscape. The leading position in accumulating the FDI stock belonged to Kyiv, which also produced the largest per capita GDP. In the last five years a revival of innovation activity took place in the Ukrainian regions. Eventually it obtained an undulating character, moving basically along two axes: Lviv-Kviv and Kyiv-Kharkiv. However, low FDI level in the worst performing regions could create an erroneous impression about the positive impact of FDI on regional economy.

A region's development trajectory> might also be affected by the mentality of its inhabitants, as well as the media, whose impact can convey either a cohesive or disintegrating character. This was evidenced by the recent events in Ukraine, as well as the "East versus West” confrontation, which resulted in frustration, whereas the lack of tolerance among the population of certain regions provoked the bloodshed. Thus, identification of methodological background of post-Soviet regionalism on the example of Ukraine is an important scientific task, which may explain the essence of regional asymmetries in the post-Soviet states.

Open access

Josef Melichar and Josef Procházka

References [1] Canadian Army Land Warfare Center, “Canada’s Future Army, Volume 1: Methodology, Perspectives and Approaches”, Kingston, Ontario, Canada 2015, pp. 3-103. [2] Sigurd Glaerum, Alf Christian Hennum, Analytical Support to Noewegian Long-Term Defence Planning, Czech Military Review, Brno, Czech Republic, pp. 82-91, 2016, Extraordinary volume, ISSN 1210-3292. [3] RTO/NATO, „Handbook on Long Term Defence Planning“, St. Joseph Print Group Inc., Otawa, 2003. ISBN 92-837-1098-3. [4] Ministry

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Laura Panades-Estruch

Successful PhD Proposal, City University Law School , [online]. Available at: < https://www.city.ac.uk/__data/assets/pdf_file/0007/87820/ Writing-a-Successful-PhD-Proposal-Guidance-Notes.pdf> [accessed 27 July 2018]. Cryer, R., and Hervey, T. and Sokhi-Bulley, B., 2011. Research Methodologies in EU and International Law . Oxford: Hart Publishing. Eisenberg, T., 2011. The Origins, Nature and Promise of Empirical Legal Studies and a Response to Concerns. U Ill L Rev , 2011(5): 1713-38. Eraut, M., 2004. Informal Learning in the Workplace. Studies

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Žiga Kotnik and Polonca Kovač

. “Research Methodology in the Public Administration Review , 1975 – 1984.” Public Administration Review 46(3), 215 – 226. Peters, B. Guy (ed.). 2008. Mixes, Matches and Mistakes: New Public Management in Russia and the FSU . Budapest: LGI. Raadschelders, Jos C. N. 2011. Public Administration: The Interdisciplinary Study of Government . Oxford: Oxford University Press. Raadschelders, Jos C. N. and Eran Vigoda-Gadot. 2015. Global Dimensions of Public Administration and Governance: A Comparative Voyage. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons

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Arnošt Veselý

& Society 36(5), 553 - 593. ’t Hart, Paul, Karin Geuijen, Sebastiaan Princen, Kutsal Yesilkagit, and Ellen Mastenbroek. 2007. Th e Europeanization of the Civil Service Craft . Report presented to the Dutch Ministry of the Interior (BZK). Vesely, Arnošt. 2013a. “Conducting Large-N Surveys on Policy Work in Bureaucracies: Some Methodological Challenges and Implications from the Czech Republic.” Central European Journal of Public Policy 7(2), 88 - 113. Vesely, Arnošt. 2013b. “Externalization of Policy Advice: Th eory, Methodology and Evidence