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Łukasz Drozda

methodology to specific public projects conducted by various actors in the social production of space process. With reference to the High Line Park, it should be stated that the appearance of this investment influenced the social gentrification of the adjacent area. This is particularly evident when one looks at the social structure of the park users, who are better off than the dominant groups of local residents, as well as when one observes the changes in local services. However, local real estate prices did not grow faster than in other parts of the city ( Drozda 2018a

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Jarosław Kazimierczak and Piotr Kosmowski

area around the URMP experienced a series of difficulties. Moreover, the studies were designed to classify the urban areas neighbouring the URMP based on the features of spatial and functional transformation identified in these areas. Study area and methodology Łódź is the third largest city in Poland according to number of inhabitants (698,688 in 2016). At the same time, it is one of the fastest shrinking cities in Europe due to the economic crisis in the 1990s following the systemic transformation in Poland and in other CEE countries. The reasons for the

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Anna Staniewska

transfers Charette methodology and experiences to Polish conditions ( Rogulski 2017 ). This method is also sometimes modified and used in landscape architecture teaching ( Stępień & Pochwała 2011 ). Moreover domestic experiences are also obtained by institutions and NGOs that operate in the vast field of civil society beyond the area of urban planning. One such achievement is the creation of databases of methods and projects such as the website of the ‘Stocznia’ Social Research and Innovation Workshop and of the Foundation for Socio-economic Initiatives, which has run an

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Katarzyna Goch, Szymon Ochota, Monika Piotrkowska and Zuzanna Kunert

OpenStreetMap data ( OpenStreetMap …) Methodology Identifying district and local centres In order to measure the accessibility of public transport in Warsaw, it was crucial to identify key areas which are frequently attended by the inhabitants. Those areas play an important role in the city structure as they ensure workplaces, trade, education, recreation and community interactions. During the study, points which represent district (major) centres and local (minor) centres were selected in every Warsaw district in order to assess transit accessibility by

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Ole B. Jensen

markers of mobilities design. The paper ends in section Six with some concluding reflections and some pointers for future research in the light thereof. From transport to Mobilities The critique of transport geography and transport planning from the 1960’s and 1970’s has predominantly focused on it being predominantly quantitative, positivist and law seeking ( Cresswell & Merriman 2011 : 2). The intellectual framework of ‘rational agency’ and ‘instrumental travel’ led to a methodological preference for quantitative modelling. One problem with such an approach is

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Małgorzata Pietrzak and Marek Angiel

repository of symbolic meanings, rather than in establishing a quantitative correlation between people and place. The methodology is based on hermeneutics (the theory of interpretation and clarification of meanings ( Sapkota 2017 )). Therefore, the authors applied qualitative research methods, i.e. participant observation, use of documentary sources, and field work ( Geography Open Textbook Collective 2014 ). Data on cultural and social events the motif of which was a dragon were collected over a period of two years. Moreover, buildings in Krakow with the image of a dragon

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Dominik Zwiech

and revitalisation of industrial areas , Czasopismo Techniczne. Architektura, 6-A (11), 206-218 [in Polish]. Latkowska J. M. 2014 Post-industrial parks – places of protection and revitalisation of industrial areas Czasopismo Techniczne. Architektura 6-A 11 206 218 [in Polish] Lorber, L. (2011) Interdisciplinary methodological approach to the process of brownfield revitalization of traditional industrial areas , Revija za geografijo, 6 (1), 7-21. Lorber L. 2011 Interdisciplinary methodological approach to the process of brownfield revitalization of traditional

Open access

Simon Huhndorf and Jarosław Działek

and enhanced by several authors, plus it was applied to different research contexts and different scales, for example the two-step floating catchment area (2SFCA; Luo & Whippo 2012 ), enhanced variable two-step floating catchment area (EV2SFCA; Ni et al. 2015 ) and kernel density two-step floating catchment area (KD2SFCA; Dai & Wang 2011 ). As one of these enhanced methods will be implemented in this study, further explanation can be found in the methodological part of the paper. All in all, as described above, every single approach for measuring accessibility

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Rafał Myszka and Kinga Niedziółka-Rybak

form ( Leśniakowska 2000 ; Zieliński 2009 ; Sudjic 2015 ). Concept and methodology The main aim of this article is to present the impact of the communist regime on central spaces in several Eastern European cities. We tried to shed some light on the urban and architectural tools with which the space of political power was shaped. As for the research methodology, initially we defined the political power and ideology. Later on these were applied with reference to styles in architecture and urban planning. The next stage consists of analysis of history and

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Mikołaj Tomaszyk

city planners, specialists in spatial planning and environmental protection, and meteorologists. The recognition of smog as an unnatural, atmospheric phenomenon which is the effect of human activity and climate change produces serious difficulties in determining major sources of smog, a methodology of pollen count examination, and public subjects responsible for taking remedial action. In spite of there being no unambiguous way of resolving the above dilemmas, local authorities jointly responsible for environmental quality on their areas have co-created a group of