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Petr Jemelka and Martin Gluchman

Abstract

The paper aims to highlight the serious methodological issue of contemporary bioethics (especially topics on the subject of animal ethics). In the discourse on the issue of the pain and suffering of animals and in derived questions, a certain form of anthropomorphism is manifested. Ethical applications of empirical research results that are relevant to humans (or humans as an anatomically and physiologically analogous animal species) are preferred. Subsequently, these extrapolations serve as a criterion for judging the qualitative level of the capabilities of all animals. Serious ethical conclusions are drawn from this reduction.

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Joanna Zegzuła-Nowak

Abstract

In this article, the author presents an overview of the 20th century Polish humanist Mieczysław Wallis who searches for answers to the question of the essence of humanity. The philosopher saw it in human axiological activities building a world of specifically human creations thus giving Man a meaningful existence. An axiological perspective of human subjectivity – the search for the purpose and meaning of human existence in the implementation of aesthetical and ethical values can be seen as a methodological proposal worthy of deeper consideration which could facilitate solving modern ethical and bio-ethical problems.

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Adela Lešková Blahová

Abstract

This paper focuses on the current state of environmental education within formal education in Slovakia, emphasising its methodology and weak points. The author aims to identify the place and role of philosophicalethical theory within environmental education, which is an integral part of ethics education. What concrete knowledge, skills and instruments of both ethics and philosophy can (should) a teacher of ethics education put into effect when teaching environmental-educational topics? Before answering this question the place of environmental education within the broader context of moral education will be explored.

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Lucas E. Misseri

Abstract

This paper deals with the ethical views of the 17th century Czech thinker Jan Amos Komenský, also known as Johann Amos Comenius. Comeniologic studies are focused on different aspects of his contribution to education, theology and philosophy but surprisingly there are only a few studies on his ethical standpoints. Jan Patočka classified Comenius’s work in three periods: prepansophic, pansophic and panorthotic. Here the focus is on the panorthotic works in order to trace the different conceptions of ethics, virtue and other ethical concepts specially the virtue of prudence (prudentia/phronesis). Furthermore, to have a broader perspective, a short analysis of his prepansophic period book The Labyrinth of the World and the Paradise of the Heart is also included in order to contrast the evolution of the concept of prudence and the ethical sphere in his world-view. The methodology is based on conceptual analysis, the contrast of different references to ethics in his late period books. At the same time, this work is an attempt to extract secular elements for understanding his ethics, although the organic link between philosophy, theology and politics is recognized in his thought.

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Ján Kalajtzidis

. (1994): Angažovanosť, solidarita, zodpovednosť [ Involvement, solidarity, responsibility ]. Prešov: Universum. GLUCHMAN, V. (1997): Človek a morálka [ Person and morality ]. Brno: Doplněk. GLUCHMAN, V. (1999): Etika sociálnych dôsledkov v kontexte jej kritiky [ Ethics of social consequences in the context of its critique ]. Prešov: L.I.M. GLUCHMAN, V. (2008): Etika a reflexie morálky [ Ethics and a reflection of morality ]. Prešov: FF PU. GLUCHMAN, V. (2009): Dignity and human dignity as a methodological basis of bioethics. In: V

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Vasil Gluchman

right in ethics of social consequences]. In: Filosofický časopis , 49(4), pp. 633–654. GLUCHMAN, V. (2003): Human being and morality in ethics of social consequences . Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen Press. GLUCHMAN, V. (2007): Human dignity and non-utilitarian consequentialist “Ethics of social consequences”. In: H. Tepe & S. Voss (eds.): The proceedings of the twenty-first world congress of philosophy, vol. 1 Ethics . Ankara: Philosophical Society of Turkey, pp. 159–165. GLUCHMAN, V. (2009): Dignity and human dignity as methodological basis of

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Lukáš Švaňa

): Angažovanosť, solidarita, zodpovednosť [ Commitment, solidarity, responsibility ]. Prešov: Universum. GLUCHMAN, V. (2012a): Ethics of social consequences – Methodology of bioethics education. In: Ethics & Bioethics (in Central Europe) , 2(1–2), pp. 16–27. GLUCHMAN, V. (2008): Etika a reflexie morálky [ Ethics and reflections of morality ]. Prešov: FF PU. GLUCHMAN, V. (1996): Etika sociálnych dôsledkov a jej kontexty [ Ethics of social consequences and its contexts ]. Prešov: PVT. GLUCHMAN, V. (1999a): Etika sociálnych dôsledkov v kontextoch jej

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Lukáš Švaňa

moral community in ethics of social consequences. In: V. Gluchman (ed.): Ethics of social consequences: Philosophical, applied and professional challenges. Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, pp. 196-211. KUŘE, J. (2018): Ethics of social consequences within (bio)ethical concepts: a comparative study on the concept and methodology of the ethics of social consequences and of principlism. In: V. Gluchman (ed.): Ethics of social consequences: Philosophical, applied and professional challenges. Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, pp. 88