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Michele Sinico

Summary

This paper examines the experimentum crucis under the light of the Duhem’s holistic thesis. This methodological instrument is not usable in physics, because physical theories are always logically connected to many assumptions. On the contrary, it is usable in psychological research oriented to perceptual laws, when these laws are, without any hypothetical term, isolated systems. An application of experimentum crucis in Experimental Phenomenology of perception is presented. In conclusion, the role of perceptual knowledge as an essential assumption in other scientific disciplines that have a high degree of theoricity is also underlined.

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Daniel A. Schmicking

Summary

This paper combines perspectives from different disciplines to open up an interdisciplinary view on basic processes of human interaction. Part I addresses problematic assumptions of dominating theories of mind and limits of phenomenological description. Part II presents findings from social psychological and neuroscientific experiments on sensomotor synchronization. These experiments were carried out at levels of experiencing, behavior/kinematics, organic functions, and neurophysiology. Novel approaches that study intercerebral processes in musicians who interact face-to-face are particularly relevant: parts of non-identical brains function like temporarily coupled units. Part III discusses methodological issues and presuppositions of these experimental approaches as well as of current theories of mind. The findings from social psychology and neuroscience can serve to explicate phenomenological concepts and to complement descriptions, in particular of prereflective intentionality. Vice versa, the phenomenological view helps to critically examine limits and assumptions of empirical approaches and philosophical theories of mind. The presented findings on sensomotor and intercerebral synchronization corroborate phenomenological views of direct intercorporeal intersubjectivity, which provide an alternative to accounts that rely on simulation, representation, and inferential processes.

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Jocelyn Penny Small and Dejan Todorović

. Pairault, F.-H. (1972). Recherches sur quelques séries d’urnes de Volterra à représentations mythologiques. Collection de l’École Française de Rome (Vol. 12). Paris, France: Editions de Boccard. Paris, R., & Di Sarcina, M. T. (2012). Museo Nazionale Romano – Palazzo Massimo alle Terme – I mosaici. Milan, Italy: Mondadori Electa S.p.A. Price, J. R. (1968). Studies of reversible perspective: a methodological review. Behavior Research Methods & Instrumentation, 1 (3), 102–106. Todorović, D., (2009). The effect of the observer vantage point on

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Jan Koenderink, Andrea van Doorn and Baingio Pinna

. (1973). Die Rückseite des Spiegels. Versuch einer Naturgeschichte menschlichen Erkennens . München: Piper. Markovic, S., & Gvozdenovic, V. (2001). Symmetry, complexity and perceptual economy: effects of minimum and maximum simplicity conditions. Visual Cognition, 8 (3/4/5), 305–327. Metzger, W. (1936). Gesetze des Sehens. Erstauflage 1936; 2. erweiterte Auflage Verlag . Frankfurt: Waldemar Kramer. Michell, J. (1999). Measurement in Psychology – A critical history of a methodological concept . Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press

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Michael W. Busch

-158. Koestler, A. (1972). Die Wurzeln des Zufalls. Ist Zufall wirklich Zufall? (4. Aufl.). Bern: Scherz. Köhler, R. (2016). Allgemeine Betriebswirtschaftslehre - ein tragfähiges Konzept? Die Betriebswirtschaft 76, 411-422. Kohn, B. (2015). Das Ganze ist mehr als die Summe seiner Teile. Psychologie heute 42, 72-76. Kozlowski, S.W.J. (2015). Advancing research on team process dynamics: theoretical, methodological, and measurement considerations. Organizational Psychology Review 5, 270-299. Kozlowski, S.W.J. & Chao