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J. O. Hamed, O. O. Ogunleye and C. A. Osheku

-100. 6. Yang R., An H., Tan H., Combustion and Thermal Decomposition of HNIW and HTPB/HNIW Propellants with Additives, Combustion and Flame, 135 (2003), 463-473. 7. Singh S., Raina C. S., Bawa A. S., Sexena D. C., Sweet potato-based pasta product: optimization of ingredient levels using response surface methodology, International Journal of Food Science and Technology 38 (2003). 1-10. 8. Langlet A., Wingborg N., Ostmark H., A New High Performance Oxidizer for Solid Propellants, International Journal of Energetic Materials and Chemical

Open access

P. Raczyński and K. Warnke

Abstract

The main pipelines, like many engineering structures, are subject to high operational safety standards. The safety of their operation is supervised by various institutions from the operator, including supervisors such as the Office of Technical Inspection. Safe operation requires knowledge of their technical condition and trends. One of the important sources of information on the condition of pipelines is their periodic inspection carried out with so-called smart pigs. As a result of the inspection, the operator expects the following questions to be answered: what is the condition of the pipeline examined; where and what metal losses are occurring in its construction; what are the hazards causing these damages for the safety of the pipeline operation; what is the rate of increase in the size of metal losses in the pipeline wall. This article presents technical solutions and methodology to answer the above questions.

Open access

O.O. Ogunleye, A.G. Adeniyi and M.O. Durowoju

Abstract

The effects of chloride concentration, creviced scaling factor and immersion time on the percentage area and maximum depth of attack for Type 304 stainless steel (SS304) in chloride solutions were investigated. The crevice assembly comprised of coupon (SS-304), polytetrafluoroethylene (crevice former) and fasteners (titanium bolt, nut and washers). The full immersion tests were based on ASTM G-78 using full factorial design to study the effects of chloride concentration (1.5, 3.0 and 4.5 w/w%), crevice scaling factor (8, 16 and 24) and immersion time (15, 30 and 45 days) on the percentage area of attack (Y1) and maximum depth of attack (Y2) of SS-304. Data obtained was used to develop and optimize the models of Y1 and Y2 in terms of the three factors using Response Surface Methodology (RSM). The R2 of Y1 and Y2 were 0.98 and 0.91, respectively. The minimum Y1 (5.63%) and Y2 (3.32×10−7 mm) were obtained at 4.5% chloride concentration, 20 scaling factor and 15 days immersion time. The predicted optimal conditions agreed with the experimental results for validation with a maximum absolute relative error of 5.75%.

Open access

Ż. A. Mierzejewska and W. Markowicz

Abstract

Rapid prototyping technology (RP), based on designing and computer aided manufacturing, is widely used in traditional branches of industry. Due to its ability to accurately and precisely manufacture designed elements of various dimensions and complicated geometry, this technology is more and more frequently applied in the field of biomedical engineering. Selective laser sintering (SLS) is a universal RP technique, utilizing a laser beam to sinter powdered materials and create three-dimensional objects. Data for producing parts for tissue replacement come from medical imaging capabilities and digital presentation of test results. This paper presents the following: general classification of RP methods, the concept and methodology of performing laser sintering, sintering mechanisms, and the application of elements manufactured using this technology in biomedical engineering, particularly for the production of scaffolds used in tissue cultures, skeletal and dental prostheses in dental implantation, manufacturing of custom-made implants that are individually adjusted to the patient, and for production of training models on which a team of surgeons can train a surgical technique.

Open access

W. Szymański and M. Lech-Grega

References 1. Kula E., Weiss V.: Residual Stress and Stress Relaksation. Plenum Press New York,1982. 2. Kokosza A.: Application of the method magnetic Barkhausen noise measurement to evaluate the stress in steels, [in Polish]. Seminar on Methodological problems of residual stress measurement, Poznań 1994. 3. Noyan I.C., Cohen J.B.: Residual stress measurement by diffraction and interpretation, Springer- Verlag New York, 1987. 4. Pszonka A., Ziaja J.: X-ray stress measurement methods [in Polish

Open access

W. Raczkiewicz

high-strength steel fiber-reinforced concrete, Construction and Building Materials, 18 (9), (2004), 669–673. 5. Goszczyński S., Raczkiewicz W.: Methodology Research axial compression specimens fibroconcrete process variable loads (in Polish), Budownictwo z. 1-B/2007 Wydawnictwo Politechniki Krakowskiej, 2007. 6. Raczkiewicz W.: Shrinkage of concrete - Features important due to the design of concrete structures (in Polish), Przegląd Budowlany, 2 (2012), 43-46. 7. Eurocode 2: Design of concrete structures – Part 1-1: General rules and rules for

Open access

S. Krajewski and J. Nowacki

-Fatan O. R., An image-based methodology to establish correlations between porosity and cutting force in micromilling of porous titanium foams, Int J Adv Manuf Technol (2012) 60:841-851. 10. Rajput V., Mondal D. P., Das S., Ramakrishnan N., Jha A. K., Effect of SiCp addition on agehardening of aluminium composite and closed cell aluminium composite foam, Journal of Materials Science 2007, Volume 42, Issue 17, 7408-7414. 11. Duflou J.R., Kruth J-P., Bohez E.L., Contour cutting of pre-formed parts with abrasive waterjet using 3-axis nozzle

Open access

T. Hryniewicz, K. Rokosz, R. Rokicki and F. Prima

instrumented indentation: Advances in understanding and refinements to methodology, J. Mater. Res., 19 (2004), 3-27. 20. Chuang L.C., Luo C.H., Yang S., The structure and mechanical properties of thick rutile–TiO 2 films using different coating treatments, Appl. Surf. Sci., 258 (201), 1297-303. 21. Cheng Y-T., Cheng C-M., Scaling, dimensional analysis, and indentation measurements, Mater. Sci. Eng. R, 44 (2004), 91-149. 22. Rokicki R., US Patent 7632390, 2009. 23. Technical documentation and manual of HYSITRON. www.hysitron.com 24. Marteleur M., Sun F., Gloriant T

Open access

M. Jażdżewska and B. Majkowska-Marzec

methodology, Journal of Materials Research 19 (2004) 3 – 20. 18. Feng B., Weng J., Yang B.C., Qu S.X., Zhang X.D.: Characterization of surface oxide films on titanium and adhesion of osteoblast, Biomaterials 24 (2003) 4663–4670. 19. Gross K.A., Babovic M.: Influence of abrasion on the surface characteristics of thermally sprayed hydroxyapatite coatings, Biomaterials 23 (2002) 4731–4737.

Open access

I. Pikos, R. Kocurek and J. Adamiec

power industry. Proc. 10th Jubilee International Scientific Conference Achievements in Mechanical & Materials Engineering, Gliwice, Cracow, Zakopane, Poland, 2001, pp. 483-486. 9. Dobrzański J.,Zieliński A., Sroka M.: Microstructure, properties investigations and methodology of the state evaluation of T23 (2.25Cr-0.3Mo-1.6W-V-Nb) steel in boilers application. Journal of Achievements in Materials and Manufacturing Engineering, (32)2009 142-153. 10. Nagode A., Koces L., Ule B., Kosec G.: Review of creep resistant alloys for power plant