Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 11 items for :

  • methodology x
Clear All
Open access

Rafael Torres-Valadez, Sonia Roman, Alexis Jose-Abrego, Maricruz Sepulveda-Villegas, Claudia Ojeda-Granados, Ingrid Rivera-Iñiguez and Arturo Panduro

-line methodology tool for diagnosis and management of liver damage.[ 15 , 16 ] TE (FibroScan®) measures liver tissue stiffness and classifies the degree of fibrosis into four categories: initial stage of fibrosis (F1), intermediate (F2), advanced (F3) and cirrhosis (F4), before ascites is present. Besides TE, multiple studies have proposed several biochemical parameters for the detection of liver fibrosis.[ 17 ] However, the usefulness of a majority of these may be limited in clinical practice and they have not been tested in our population. This study is aimed to detect liver

Open access

Gang Hou

Abstract

Emphysema is one of the pathological manifestations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which leads to lung hyperinflation, decreased activity of the diaphragm, decreased compliance of the lung, and difficulties in gas exchange. The clinical effect of pharmacological treatment for patients with severe emphysema is limited. In recent years, the emergence of bronchoscopic lung volume reduction (BLVR) has opened up the possibility for the management of COPD with severe emphysema. The article aims to summarize the development, procedure, and methodology of BLVR as well as its clinical efficacy.

Open access

Goce Spasovski, Raymond Vanholder, Bruno Allolio, Djillali Annane, Steve Ball, Daniel Bichet, Guy Decaux, Wiebke Fenske, Ewout Hoorn, Carole Ichai, Michael Joannidis, Alain Soupart, Robert Zietse, Maria Haller, Evi Nagler, Wim Van Biesen and Sabine van der Veer

Abstract

Hyponatraemia, defined as a serum sodium concentration <135 mmol/l, is the most common disorder of body fuid and electrolyte balance encountered in clinical practice. It can lead to a wide spectrum of clinical symptoms, from subtle to severe or even life threatening, and is associated with increased mortality, morbidity and length of hospital stay in patients presenting with a range of conditions. Despite this, the management of patients remains problematic. The prevalence of hyponatraemia in widely different conditions and the fact that hyponatraemia is managed by clinicians with a broad variety of backgrounds have fostered diverse institution-and speciality-based approaches to diagnosis and treatment. To obtain a common and holistic view, the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine (ESICM), the European Society of Endocrinology (ESE) and the European Renal Association-European Dialysis and Transplant Association (ERA-EDTA), represented by European Renal Best Practice (ERBP), have developed the Clinical Practice Guideline on the diagnostic approach and treatment of hyponatraemia as a joint venture of three societies representing specialists with a natural interest in hyponatraemia. In addition to a rigorous approach to methodology and evaluation, we were keen to ensure that the document focused on patient-important outcomes and included utility for clinicians involved in everyday practice.

Open access

Rajesh Kumar Wadhwa, Zaigham Abbas, Syed Mujahid Hasan, Nasir Hasan Luck, Mahira Younus, Sabiha Anis and Muhammed Mubarak

1999;94:3285-91. 6. Grace ND, Groszman RJ, Tsao GG, Burroughs AK, Pagliaro L, Makuch RW, et al. Portal hypertension and variceal bleeding: An AASLD single topic symposium. Hepatology 1998;28:868-80. 7. de Franchis R. Evolving consensus in portal hypertension report of the Baveno IV consensus workshop on methodology of diagnosis and therapy in portal hypertension. J Hepatol 2005;43:167-76. 8. Spiegel BM, Targownik L, Dulai GS, Karsan HA, Gralnek IM. Endoscopic screening for esophageal varices in cirrhosis. Is it ever

Open access

Rajesh Mandhwani, Farina M. Hanif, Muhammad Manzoor Ul Haque, Rajesh Kumar Wadhwa, Nasir Hassan Luck and Muhammad Mubarak

other bleeding Clin Mol Hepatol 2014 20 1 5 2 De Franchis R. Updating consensus in portal hypertension: report of the Baveno III consensus workshop on definitions, methodology and therapeutic strategies in portal hypertension. J Hepatol 2000; 33: 846–52. 10.1016/S0168-8278(00)80320-7 De Franchis R. Updating consensus in portal hypertension: report of the Baveno III consensus workshop on definitions, methodology and therapeutic strategies in portal hypertension J Hepatol 2000 33 846 52 3 Elhendawy M, Mosaad S, Alkhalawany W, Abo-Ali L, Enaba M

Open access

Evangelia Dounousi, Anila Duni, Konstantinos Leivaditis and Vassilios Liakopoulos

. Nessim SJ, Bargman JM. Occurrence of peritonitis in APD versus CAPD: methodologic problems. Nephrol Dial Transplant 2008; 23: 1769-1770. 36. Holley JL, Bernardini J, Piraino B. Continuous cycling peritoneal dialysis is associated with lower rates of catheter infections than continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. Am J Kidney Dis 1990; 16: 133-136. 37. Akman S, Bakkaloglu SA, Ekim M, et al . Peritonitis rates and common microorganisms in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis and automated peritoneal dialysis. Pediatr Int 2009; 51: 246

Open access

Abhishek Singh and Birendra Nath Mallick

heart failure. Indian Heart J 2010;62:101-10. 102. Monroe RR, Heath RG, Mickle WA, Miller W. A comparison of cortical and subcortical brain waves in normal, barbiturate, reserpine, and chlorpromazine sleep. Ann N Y Acad Sci 1955;61:56-71. 103. Hartmann E, Cravens J. The effects of long term administration of psychotropic drugs on human sleep. I. Methodology and the effects of placebo. Psychopharmacologia 1973;33:153-67. 104. Stern WC, Morgane PJ. Effects of reserpine on sleep and brain biogenic amine levels in the cat

Open access

Stephen E. Langabeer

MPN patients without SVT.[ 26 ] Whether this phenomenon is also observed in patients with CALR + SVT remains to be answered. Given the number of methodological approaches available for the detection of CALR mutations,[ 27 , 28 ] careful validation and selection of a sensitive technique is required so as not to underdiagnose the potential underlying MPN. Secondly, all the pathologically annotated, MPN-associated CALR indel mutations result in a +1 alteration of the reading frame leading to a loss of the terminal calreticulin localization domain. CALR

Open access

Jiancheng Wang, Nengtai Ouyang, Long Qu, Tengfei Lin, Xianglin Zhang, Yaren Yu, Chongfei Jiang, Liling Xie, Liping Wang, Zhigui Wang, Shuzhen Ren, Shizhi Chen, Jiang Huang, Fang Liu, Weiqing Huang and Xianhui Qin

baseline evaluation of cohort studies and pre-intervention evaluations of randomized controlled trials) and case–control studies were included in the analysis. The methodological quality of the cross-sectional studies was assessed using an 11-item checklist as recommended by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.[ 16 ] An item received a score of “0” if answered as “NO” or “UNCLEAR”; if answered as “YES,” the item received a score of “1.” The quality of an article was assessed based on the score as follows: low quality = 0−3; moderate quality = 4−7; high quality