References Ajdukiewicz, K. (1938). Logiczne podstawy nauczania /Logical Foundations of Teaching/ . Warszawa-Wilno. Ajdukiewicz, K. (1948). Metodologia i metanauka /Methodology and Metascience/. Życie Nauki , 31-32, 14-15. Ajdukiewicz, K. (1985a). Metodologiczne typy nauk /Methodological Types of Science/. In K. Ajdukiewicz, Język I poznanie /Language and cognition/ , vol. 1 (pp. 87-313). Warszawa: PWN. Ajdukiewicz, K. (1985b). Metodologia i metanauka /Methodology and Metascience/. In K
-Vives. Gardner, H.E. (1985). Frames of mind: The theory of multiple intelligences . New York: Basic books. Grupe, O. (1975). The problem of the science of physical activity (or physical education) as a pedagogical discipline . In Haag, H. (1978). (Ed.), Sport Pedagogy. Content and Methodology (pp.11-14). Baltimore: University Park Press. Hirst, P. & Carr, W. (2005). Philosophy and Education. A Symposium. Journal of Philosophy of Education , 39(4), 615-632. Hyland, D.A. (1990). Philosophy of sport. New York: Paragon House. Isidori E. (2014
References Ajdukiewicz, K. (1985). Metodologiczne typy nauk /Methodological Types of Sciences/ . In Ajdukiewicz K., Język i poznanie /Language and Cognition/. Warszawa: PWN. Amsterdamski, S. (1964). Ilość i jakość /Quantity and Quality/ . In Amsterdamski, S., Engels. Warszawa: Wiedza Powszechna. Amsterdamski, S. (1981). Życie naukowe a monopol władzy (casus Łysenko) /Scientific Life and Monopoly of Power (Lysenko's Case)/ . Warszawa: Towarzystwo Kursów Naukowych. Wykłady
/Spirituality in modern world/ (pp. 69-82). Ljubljana: Kud Apokalipsa. Kosiewicz, J. (2010). Sport and Philosophy - from Methodology to Ethics. Warsaw: BK Wydawnictwo. Kreeft, P. (2008). Socratic logic. Indiana: St. Augustine's Press. Kroes, P. (1998). Philosophy of Technology. In: Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Version 1.0, London: Routledge. Malik, K. (2006). What science can and cannot tell us about human nature. In Wells, R.H., McFadden, J. (Eds.), Human nature: Fact and Fiction (pp.164-183). London
Silviya S. Aleksandrova-Yankulovska
analysis and application of methodology for decision-making in clinical practice [dissertation]. Pleven: MU-Pleven; 2015. [Bulgarian] 5. Prodanov V. Boiethics [Internet]. Sofi a: Science and Art; 1988:253. Available in Bulgarian from: http:// www.old-philosophy.issk-bas.org/books/Prodanov.Bioethics.pdf 6. Bulgarian Health Act. Promulgated, State Gazette No. 70/10.08.2004. 7. Law of medicinal products. Promulgated, State Gazette No. 31/13.04.2007. 8. Department of ethical studies. Institute for the study of
Mario Amatria, Daniel Lapresa, Javier Arana, M. Teresa Anguera and Belén Garzón
their impact on learning. In the current study, within the framework of an observational methodology design ( Anguera, 1979 ), we applied a series of logistic regression models to investigate whether F-7 or F-8 was better suited to the learning needs of children aged 8-10 years moving up from futsal (F-5). The matches analyzed took place at the end of the 2011-2012 season between teams about to move up from F-5 to the newly introduced F-8 format. Considering the multiple dichotomous variables of interest in studies of sport, together with the potential offered by
Roberto Alsasua, Daniel Lapresa, Javier Arana, M. Teresa Anguera and Belén Garzón
., 2016 ; Ozakaki and Rodacki, 2012). Attempts have been made to break down this complexity by studying aspects of the game preceding a successful or unsuccessful shot, such as fast breaks ( Refoyo et al., 2009 ), space-time coordination dynamics ( Bourbousson et al., 2010 ), network metrics (Fewel et al., 2012), and interactions between attackers and defenders ( García et al., 2013a ). Observational methodology ( Anguera, 1979 ) provides an optimal framework for capturing the frequency, duration, and order of events and behaviors, producing datasets that can then be
Dariusz Czaprowski, Ryszard Biernat and Agnieszka Kędra
Squat - Rules of Performing and Most Common Mistakes
The squat is an exercise which is commonly applied in sport, recreation and while performing numerous everyday activities [1, 2, 3]. The improper performance of the squat leads to the shaping of an improper movement pattern.
In this work the methodology of teaching the squat, which has to be learnt to constitute a significant element in the prophylaxis of the musculoskeletal system overloads, is described.
Aim: The aim of this review was to provide an overview of the terminology, technology and methodology of pharmacoeconomic evaluations. The choice is made because there is small number of reviews on this subject in Macedonia, and also because of the subject actuality.
Methods: There are four common types of methods of cost-outcomes economic evaluations: Cost-minimisation analysis, Cost-effectiveness analysis, Cost-utility analysis and Cost-benefit analysis.
Results: There are 4 possible results arising in Cost-effectiveness analysis: the costs are lower and health benefits higher for one drug relative to another, the new drug is more expensive and less effective, the drug is more expensive and more effective and the drug is cheaper but less effective.
Conclusion: Pharmacoeconomic methods are used to assist physicians, hospitals, insurers, patients and healthcare professionals in making proper decisions what drug therapies should be chosen. The goal is to find the most efficient and effective treatment for the lowest cost, optimising the patient outcomes and decreasing costs to society.
). Myślenie potoczne /Common-sense thinking/. Warsaw : PIW. Kołakowski, L. (2000). Zakresowe i funkcjonalne rozumienie filozofii /The scope and functional understanding of philosophy/. In Kultura i fetysze / Culture and fetishes/. Warszawa: PWN. Kosiewicz, J. (2008/2009). Philosophy of Sport from the Institutional, Content Related and Methodological Viewpoint, Physical Culture and Sport. Studies and Research , 46, 5-31. DOI: 10.2478/v10141-009-0001-5. Kosiewicz, J. (2010). Social and Biological Context of Physical Culture