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Jelena Pubule and Dagnija Blumberga

Use of Benchmark Methodology in Environmental Impact Assessment

Every industrial activity and procedure influences the environment and climate change. This impact has to be assessed and therefore the procedure of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) including the application of a benchmark methodology has been developed. The developed benchmark methodology can be used in the initial assessment as a screening method. The article surveys the developed benchmark methodology for impact assessment of the projects providing extraction of dolomite in the deposits of mineral resources. The benchmark methodology developed makes it possible to assess the impacts caused by the provided activity by objective considerations, to conduct comparison of different projects and evaluate whether the provided activity corresponds to the principles of sustainable development.

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Pavol Múdry, Andrea Hricová, Gabriela Libiaková and Alena Gajdošová

, P. - JURÁČEK, Ľ. 1998. Popis a rozlíšenie odrôd slnečnice. Metodické postupy separácie izoenzýmov ACP, GOT, MDH, ME, PGI, PGM a SKD druhu slnečnica ročná ( Helianthus annuus L.) [Description and distinguishing of sunflower genotypes. Methodological procedures of isoenzymes separation of ACP, GOT, MDH, ME, PGI, PGM and SKD of sunflower ( Helianthus annuus L.)]. In Poľnohospodárska výroba a skúšobníctvo , vol. 6 , 1998, no. 4, pp. 32-36. MÚDRY, P. - JURÁČEK, Ľ. 1999a. Metodologické postupy separácie izoenzýmov IDH, a PGD druhu hrach

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Artur Karczewski and Janusz Kozak

References 1. L. Nogid, Ship Design Theory (in Polish), Gdynia: Wydawnictwo Morskie, 1962. 2. A. Papanikolaou, Ship Design, Methodologies of Preliminary Design, London: Springer, 2014. 3. J. Wiśniewski, Ship design methodology issues (in Polish), Gdansk: Politechnika Gdańska, 1988. 4. J. Michalski, Principles of ship design theory (in Polish), Gdansk: Wydawnictwo Politechniki Gdanskiej, 2013. 5. Z. Sekulski, Selected issues of multi-criterion optimisation in preliminary hull

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Anna Volkova, Vladislav Mashatin, Aleksander Hlebnikov and Andres Siirde

. Energy 2010; 35(3): 1381-1390. 9. Tveit T.-M., Savola T., Gebremedhin A., Fogelholm C.-J. Multiperiod MINLP model for optimising operation and structural changes to CHP plants in district heating networks with long-term thermal storage. Energy Conversion and Management 2009; 50(3): 639-647. 10. Volkova A., Hlebnikov A., Siirde A. Methodology for defining of eligible capacity for wood fuel based cogeneration plants in small towns in Estonia. Journal of Energy and Power Engineering: 2011; 5(6): 481 -489. 11. Barelli L

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Ginta Cimdina, Lelde Timma, Ivars Veidenbergs and Dagnija Blumberga

electricity and heat sector in a future energy system with a dominant contribution from renewable energy Technologies - Part I: Methodology. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 2014:30:1019-1034. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2013.09.012 [59] Ćosić B., Krajačić G., Duić N. A 100 % renewable energy system in the year 2050: The case of Macedonia. Energy 2012:48:80-87. doi:10.1016/ [60] Krajačić G., Duić N., Zmijarević Z., Mathiesen B. V, Vučinić A. A, da Graça Carvalho M. Planning for a 100 % independent energy system based on

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Laura Zvingule, Silvija Nora Kalnins, Dagnija Blumberga, Julija Gusca, Marija Bogdanova and Indra Muizniece

, Arlington: NSF, 2002, p. 84. 14. Ex-Post Evaluation of Projects and Activities Financed under the LIFE+ Programme. Final Report Part 1: Methodology and description of the LIFE Programme and its policy context, July 2010. COWI, p.111. 15. Savaya R., Spiro Sh., Elran-Barak R. Sustainability of Social Programs. American Journal of Evaluation. Volume 29, Number 4, 2008, p. 478-493. 16. Eiropas Savienības fondu vadošās iestādes metodika pārbaužu veikšanai Eiropas Savienības struktūrfondu un Kohēzijas fonda finansētā projekta

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George Papadavid, Skevi Perdikou, Michalakis Hadjimitsis and Diofantos Hadjimitsis

. Alexandridis T. Scale effect on determination of hydrological and vegetation parameters using remote sensing techniques and GIS. PhD Thesis. Aristotle University of Thessalonikh, Greece, 2006 13. Tasumi, M., Bastiaanssen, W.G.M., Allen, R.G. Application of the SEBAL methodology for estimating consumptive use of water and stream flow depletion in the Bear River Basin of Idaho through Remote Sensing. EOSDIS Project Report, Raytheon Systems Company and the University of Idaho, USA. 2000 14. Metochis, C. Assessment of irrigation water needs of

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Paweł Gełesz, Artur Karczewski, Janusz Kozak, Wojciech Litwin and Łukasz Piątek


Dynamic development in practically all fields of science and engineering has not passed over shipbuilding. In last years, engineers got to their use computer software which makes it possible to perform strength and hydrodynamic calculations as well as to visualize design projects in 3 D space [1-4]. At their disposal they have full spectrum of modern solutions associated with the use of advanced materials and technologies [5-7]. More and more attention is also paid to impact onto the natural environment [8,9]. Every new object must influence the environment as low as possible, beginning from building phase through its service life up to final utilization - such approach is called „green-shipping“. However, not only practical reasons are important. Clients, i.e. ship owners and passengers of ships paid more and more attention to image of floating units. During decision taking on that from whom a transport service has to be ordered, the most modern ships of an attractive image matching with place and time, are often taken into consideration.

Such situation has become a basis for an idea of working out a concept of a new ferryboat for National Maritime Museum. As the ferry has to navigate in „the heart of the town“, then, apart from strictly marine and engineering aspects, an important factor of its designing is its expected image - a set of significant meanings and emotions written in architecture language. The new ferryboat, like its historical predecessors, will never leave urban water routes.

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Maciej Major

). Kowalska A., 1970, Problemy metodyczne wyznaczania obszarow bezodpływowych na Niżu Środkowoeuropejskim (Methodological problems of delimiting areas without an outlet in the Central European Plain), Prz. Geogr. 42(1): 105-111 (in Polish, English summary). Kowalska A., 1971, Zagadnienie środkowoeuropejskich obszarow bezodpływowych w literaturze (Issues in Central European areas without an outlet in the literature), Czas. Geogr. 42(4): 353-363 (in Polish, English summary).Major M., 2009, Charakter i funkcjonowanie zagłębień bezodpływowych w krajobrazie

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Sara E. Vero, Mark G. Healy, Tiernan Henry, Rachel E. Creamer, Tristan G. Ibrahim, Patrick J. Forrestal, Karl G. Richards and Owen Fenton

has relied upon arbitrary decisions ( Vomocil, 1965 ), reflecting methodological limitations. While the importance of achieving equilibrium prior to adjustment of applied pressure is universally acknowledged in the literature ( Russell and Richards, 1938 ; Nimmo, 1990 ; Khanzode et al ., 2002 ; Hunt and Skinner, 2005 ; Šimůnek and Nimmo, 2005 ), there is no practical method of assessing its status in standard laboratory centrifuges without complex inflight monitoring equipment ( Reis et al ., 2011 ), which may be unavailable in many laboratories. It is