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Robert Stefan Rowiński

Scotland (eds.: A.V. Holden, D. Bevan), Forestry Commission Report, Edinburgh, Scotland, 31-51. Thistle H.W., Teske M.E., Miller P.C.H. 2010. Modeling of pesticide application and drift. In: Air Quality Modeling - Theories, Methodologies, Computational Techniques, and Available Databases and Software. Vol. IV - Advantes and Updates (ed.: P. Zanetti), The EnviroComp Group and Air and Waste Management Association. Van de Zande. J. 2013. Drift reduction classes in the Netherland. Modelling Spray Drift. Workshop 10-11.07.2013, Wageningen

Open access

Jelena Pubule and Dagnija Blumberga

Use of Benchmark Methodology in Environmental Impact Assessment

Every industrial activity and procedure influences the environment and climate change. This impact has to be assessed and therefore the procedure of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) including the application of a benchmark methodology has been developed. The developed benchmark methodology can be used in the initial assessment as a screening method. The article surveys the developed benchmark methodology for impact assessment of the projects providing extraction of dolomite in the deposits of mineral resources. The benchmark methodology developed makes it possible to assess the impacts caused by the provided activity by objective considerations, to conduct comparison of different projects and evaluate whether the provided activity corresponds to the principles of sustainable development.

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Miroslav Ondrejovič, Daniela Chmelová and Tibor Maliar

, liriodendrin and isofraxidin in Acanthopanax senticosus Harms by HPLC-DAD. Biol. Pharm. Bull. , 29, 2006, 532-534. MYERS, R.H., MONTGOMERY, D.C.: Response surface methodology: Process and product optimization using designed experiments. Wiley, New York, 1995, 704 pp. NAVAL, M.V., GOMÉZ-SERRANILLOS, M.E., CARRETERO, M.E., VILLAR, A.M.: Neuroprotective effect of a ginseng ( Panax ginseng ) root extract on astrocytes primary culture. J. Ethnopharmacol. , 112, 2007, 262-270. PARK, H.R., PARK, E., RIM, A.R., JEON, K.I., HWANG, J

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Pavol Múdry, Andrea Hricová, Gabriela Libiaková and Alena Gajdošová

, P. - JURÁČEK, Ľ. 1998. Popis a rozlíšenie odrôd slnečnice. Metodické postupy separácie izoenzýmov ACP, GOT, MDH, ME, PGI, PGM a SKD druhu slnečnica ročná ( Helianthus annuus L.) [Description and distinguishing of sunflower genotypes. Methodological procedures of isoenzymes separation of ACP, GOT, MDH, ME, PGI, PGM and SKD of sunflower ( Helianthus annuus L.)]. In Poľnohospodárska výroba a skúšobníctvo , vol. 6 , 1998, no. 4, pp. 32-36. MÚDRY, P. - JURÁČEK, Ľ. 1999a. Metodologické postupy separácie izoenzýmov IDH, a PGD druhu hrach

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Yuejin Yuan, Libin Tan, Yingying Xu, Jixian Dong, Yu Zhao and Yueding Yuan

REFERENCES 1. Abraao A.S., Lemos A.M., Vilela A., Sousa J.M., Nunes F.M., Influence of osmotic dehydration process parameters on the quality of candied pumpkins. Food Bioprod. Process., 2013, 91, 481–494. 2. Acosta O., Vıquez F., Cubero E., Optimisation of low calorie mixed fruit jelly by response surface methodology. Food Qual. Prefer., 2008, 19, 79–85. 3. Azam M., Haq M.A., Hasnain A., Osmotic dehydration of mango cubes: Effect of novel gluten-based coating. Drying Technol., 2013, 31, 120–127. 4. Bejaoui M.A., Beltran G., Aguilera M

Open access

Elena Neverova-Dziopak and Zbigniew Kowalewski


Deep analysis of trophic state assessment methods has led to conclusion, that currently there is no universal methodology and existing methods are characterized by significant shortcomings. The approach proposed by the authors is different from generally used. Authors start from the assumption, that trophic state can be reflected by the state of biotic balance, which can be described by the values of Index of Trophic State. Researches were carried out in order to assess the trophic state of running waters and to estimate the limiting role of biogenic substances for eutrophication process development on the base of author's concept founded on above mentioned index.

Open access

Artur Karczewski and Janusz Kozak

References 1. L. Nogid, Ship Design Theory (in Polish), Gdynia: Wydawnictwo Morskie, 1962. 2. A. Papanikolaou, Ship Design, Methodologies of Preliminary Design, London: Springer, 2014. 3. J. Wiśniewski, Ship design methodology issues (in Polish), Gdansk: Politechnika Gdańska, 1988. 4. J. Michalski, Principles of ship design theory (in Polish), Gdansk: Wydawnictwo Politechniki Gdanskiej, 2013. 5. Z. Sekulski, Selected issues of multi-criterion optimisation in preliminary hull

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Anna Volkova, Vladislav Mashatin, Aleksander Hlebnikov and Andres Siirde

. Energy 2010; 35(3): 1381-1390. 9. Tveit T.-M., Savola T., Gebremedhin A., Fogelholm C.-J. Multiperiod MINLP model for optimising operation and structural changes to CHP plants in district heating networks with long-term thermal storage. Energy Conversion and Management 2009; 50(3): 639-647. 10. Volkova A., Hlebnikov A., Siirde A. Methodology for defining of eligible capacity for wood fuel based cogeneration plants in small towns in Estonia. Journal of Energy and Power Engineering: 2011; 5(6): 481 -489. 11. Barelli L

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Krzysztof Kościński

How do pairs matched in physical attractiveness form if people are unaware of their own attractiveness?

The correlation of physical attractiveness in romantic partners has been widely documented. However, it has also repeatedly been demonstrated that people are largely unaware of their own attractiveness, which raises the question about the mechanism responsible for the within-pair matching. One hitherto unexplored possibility is that low accuracy in attractiveness self-assessments results from methodological drawbacks. Participants were usually asked to rate their attractiveness on a numeric scale, and independent judges evaluated them on the basis of facial photographs. We hypothesized that the accuracy of self-assessment may be increased if (1) participants and judges evaluate the same characteristic, e.g., both groups assess facial attractiveness, (2) own attractiveness is estimated in a comparative manner (with reference to attractiveness of other individuals) rather than by abstract numbers, (3) judges rate attractiveness of people as seen in video clips rather than in photographs. To test these hypotheses we photographed and videotaped faces of 96 women and 78 men. Independent judges rated attractiveness from these photographs and video clips, and the participants assessed own attractiveness in several ways. None of the above hypotheses was confirmed by statistical analysis. We discuss how the within-pair matching in attractiveness can arise, given such poor awareness of own appeal.

Open access

Ginta Cimdina, Lelde Timma, Ivars Veidenbergs and Dagnija Blumberga

electricity and heat sector in a future energy system with a dominant contribution from renewable energy Technologies - Part I: Methodology. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 2014:30:1019-1034. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2013.09.012 [59] Ćosić B., Krajačić G., Duić N. A 100 % renewable energy system in the year 2050: The case of Macedonia. Energy 2012:48:80-87. doi:10.1016/ [60] Krajačić G., Duić N., Zmijarević Z., Mathiesen B. V, Vučinić A. A, da Graça Carvalho M. Planning for a 100 % independent energy system based on