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Open access

João Vicente

Abstract

This analysis will assess the effects of the American way of Remote Air Warfare on the decision to wage war and the factors affecting the tactical conduct of war. This will be accomplished by determining how the Remote Air Warfare operational template influences the decision making process at the strategic level, by analyzing the political willingness to wage war, and at the tactical level, by assessing how the distance from the battlefield impacts warfighter’s proneness to use lethal force.

This operational template translates the double moral implications of the increasing distance and removal of human risk from the duel. On the other hand, exposes a political maneuver’s expansion of freedom, increasing the propensity to wage war and changing the relationship between state and society.

The research was guided by an inductive methodology of prospective nature, which analyses the past to inform present decisions, aiding to formulate future strategic actions. Thus, performing a critical analysis of the ideas underlying the employment of airpower, within an operational template of Remote Air Warfare, will facilitate the development of a comprehensive knowledge about its effects and a more effective adaptation to future war.

Open access

Jan Hanska

Abstract

The purpose of this article is to initiate discussion into the role narratives could play in military studies. Narratology is an old and well-established research paradigm that first emerged as part of the linguistic turn. Yet its potential has not been depleted. It is the study of narratives or stories. There are plenty of topics not yet approached from this perspective especially in the field of military studies. The military academia needs to broaden its scope of research and allow for alternative orientations and theories to be used to address traditional dilemmas, create new research paradigms and enrich the variety of analysis. Critical security studies approach shared topics with military studies by embracing the aesthetic turn that differentiates between the representation and the represented. The argument in this article is that to produce comprehensive information on its research topics military studies would benefit from embracing them as people experience them and not focus on their ontology. The article does not offer a methodological toolbox to the reader but rather an introduction to some classics of narratology and offers a few insights how this type of approach could be used in military history, strategy, operational art or even leadership studies.

Open access

Tommi Kinnunen

Abstract

The effectiveness of a coaching process called Deep Lead, deriving from the leadership training of the Finnish Defence Forces, has not been studied efficiently in different civil organisations. This article presents an insight into the effectiveness of this coaching method in two different work communities (PVO-Vesivoima and TAC Finland Inc. Service). The main research question in this article is how to ensure the effectiveness of this particular type of leadership coaching / training. To achieve the best possible results, methodological triangulation was needed in this survey. In this article, two contributing models were introduced (figures 2 and 3) for examining coaching or training effectiveness. By means of these, it can hopefully be examined in the future whether the coaching / training process remains to be a cost, or whether it is an essential investment for the work communities. According to the leadership coaching effectiveness research results of the study at PVO-Vesivoima, such areas as co-operation, interaction and feedback culture were strengthened. As a conclusion, it can be stated that this leadership coaching process works as a practical leadership tool for management in developing the work community both internally and externally. Another example was a work community (TAC Finland Inc Service) that aimed to improve customer satisfaction, evoke know-how, and improve profits by using the deep lead -coaching method. According to the research results, remarkable improvements were accomplished in every field mentioned compared to the time preceding the leadership coaching process or the beginning of the leadership coaching process. In both examples, results were studied using different indicators, different time spans, different methods, and by different reports done by different people. As an outcome of these researches, the leadership coaching process was considered to be effective in PVO-Vesivoima and in TAC, and in the conclusion a practical description of leadership coaching / training or other educational intervention verified on an individual level is introduced.

Open access

Juhani Hämäläinen, Jari Sormunen, Jari Rantapelkonen and Juha-Pekka Nikkarila

. Saunders M., Lewis P. and Thornhill A. (2012), Research Methods for Business Student, 6th. Tashakkori A. and Teddlie C. (1998). Mixed methodology - Combining qualitative and quantitative approaches, Applied Social Method,. 46. Vargas, L.G. and Whittaker, R.W. (Eds) (1990). Decision making by the analytic hierarchy process: Theory and applications. European Journal of Operational Research, 48(1): 1-173. Varto, Juha (2005). Laadullisen tutkimuksen metodologia. Elan Vital.

Open access

Mika Kerttunen

: Faber and Faber. Blackburn, S. 2008. Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Boehrer J. & Linsky, M. 1990. “Teaching with cases: Learning to question.” New Directions for Teaching and Learning (1990) p. 41-57. von Clausewitz, C. von 1991, orig. 1832. Vom Kriege. Bonn: Ferd. Dümmlers Verlag. Cohnizt, D. & Häggqvist, S. 2009. “The Role of Intuitions in Philosophy”. (In Cohnizt, D. and Häggqvist, S. (eds.), The Role of Intuitions in Philosophical Methodology, Studia Philosophica Estonica, 2

Open access

Torsti Sirén

Letter Concerning Toleration. United States of America: Yale University Press. Locke, John (2003b [1689]). “A Letter Concerning Toleration”, in Shapiro, Ian (ed.) Two Treatises of Government and A Letter Concerning Toleration. United States of America: Yale University Press. Morgan, Jamie (2005). What is the relation between Critical Realism (CR) & Methodology? Guest Lecture at the Helsinki University, CR-Course for postgraduate candidates, 25 November 2005. Material at the possession of author. Neumann, Iver (1998) Uses

Open access

Jukka Anteroinen

. In: Beishon J, Peters G, editors. Systems Behaviour. London, Great Britain: The Open University Press; 1972. p. 56 - 82. 13. Hitchins DK. Putting systems to work. Chichester: Wiley; 1992. 14. Skyttner L. General systems theory : ideas & applications. Singapore ; River Edge, N.J.: World Scientific; 2001. 15. Blanchard BS, Fabrycky WJ. Systems engineering and analysis. 4th ed. ed. Upper Saddle River, N.J. ; London: Prentice Hall; 2005. 16. Checkland P. Researching systems methodology: Some future

Open access

Juho Roponen and Ahti Salo

Accessed: 2014-05-07 Kangas, L. & Lappi, E. (2006) Probabilistic risk analysis in combat modeling. In: Hämäläinen, J. (ed.) Lanchester and Beyond. A Workshop on Operational Analysis Methodology. PVTT Publications 11 Kangaspunta, J., Liesiö, J., & Salo, A. (2012). Cost-efficiency analysis of weapon system portfolios. European Journal of Operational Research, 223(1), pp. 264-275. Kardes, E., & Hall, R. (2005). Survey of literature on strategic decision making in the presence of adversaries. Unpublished report

Open access

Pankaj Sharma and Makarand S Kulkarni

, we describe our model and illustrate the methodology for constructing it. In Section 5 , we discuss the results of the sensitivity analysis of the constructed BBN and identification of critical factors that most significantly affect a dynamic lean–agile spare part replenishment system. The sensitivity analysis is conducted using a mutual information criterion. We also present validation of the model in this section. The results of the section can be used to focus on the critical factors identified by the sensitivity analysis of the model, thereby easing the

Open access

Aida Alvinius, Alicia Ohlsson and Gerry Larsson

/herself. I think that the way one leads should be transparent . OA is characterized by deficiencies of various types of resources, both material and personnel related. The consequences of OA, austerity and pressure are dealt with by methods developed for solving tasks in the shortest possible time frame, in an attempt to reduce the workload to a more manageable level. It is important to use the correct methodology , PUT (Planning Under Time Pressure – our remark) allows you to plan according to the amount of time you are given , 3 hours or 10 days. It is even more