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Jeff Hughes and Joe McDonagh

performance ( Leidner et al., 2011 ; Ravichandran and Lertwongsatien, 2005 ), as well as being a key enabler of business strategy ( Preston and Karahanna, 2006 ). IS strategy has been a significant concern for practice, dominating management agendas in recent decades ( Teubner, 2013 ) and becoming integral to business positioning and processes ( Stace et al., 2012 ). The specific purpose of this article is to elucidate the methodological approach employed to achieve the wider study’s goal. The strategy-as-practice (SAP) and SISP literature sets are the two core strands

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Krzysztof Szymanek and Piotr Zielonka

Abstract

Purpose: The article discusses selected methodological issues of natural and social sciences with particular consideration of behavioural economics to highlight the significance of experimental research. Design approach: The order of the issues covered is as follows: (a) science as a product of a research community, (b) basic cognitive activities in science, (c) a short description of social sciences, (d) a discussion on the methods applied in behavioural economics. Findings: The article offers a description of research procedure, its objectives and the methods applied therein; it has been stressed that testing theories and hypotheses involves exposing them to falsification; it has been emphasised that research conducted within the framework of social sciences is more difficult than in the case of natural sciences because of the large number of independent variables and the possible interaction between the researcher and research participants. Practical implications: The content presented in the article highlights the value of scientific findings as opposed to common-sense knowledge adopted with the disregard of the principles of proper methodology. Value: The authors believe that the emergence of behavioural economics was an attempt to overcome certain deficiencies in the methodology of classical economics by means of experimental research.

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Łukasz Sułkowski

Abstract

The aim of the article is to present cognitive challenges in the area of management. Researchers and reflective managers still work on the identity of management belonging to the social sciences. The paper depicts the connections between cognitive problems (from the epistemological point of view), management methodology and social practice. Management sciences are parts of historical discourse and because of that epistemological and methodological levels have an impact on social practice. The main concern of this paper is the role of the management scientist, consultant and teacher. The analysis suggests that academic teacher and researcher are social roles with a character that can be called universal. Practitioner is associated rather with pragmatic aspect of management science. Practitioners are often regarded as managers, but their roles in the organisation might as well be non-managerial.

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Karolina Mazur and Monika Inków

Summary

The aim of the paper is to answer the research question of what innovation performance indicators are appropriate for research on innovation process in the IT sector in the Lubuskie voivodship. The authors have used the method of systematic review of literature and have analysed 125 research papers and additional sources. The research consluions are that the indicators shoud consider such aspects as the dimmension of innovation performance, the type of product novelty and level of analysis.

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Nikolay Stefanov and Ilian Lilov

Abstract

The improvement of the outsourcing process is directly related to the planned ideas of the managing bodies of the Bulgarian Armed Forces and the initiatives to be implemented. This in turn determines the need to analyse and evaluate the efficiency of the performance of the outsourcing service. The objective is to identify possible deviations from the requirements of the client military unit and to take action to change or improve the outsourcing process. The analysis and evaluation of the efficiency of the used outsourcing services enables an overall vision of the outsourcing process and the fulfillment of the set goals. This article studies and analyses the possibilities for applying a methodology for analysis and evaluation of the effectiveness of the use of outsourcing services in the Bulgarian Armed Forces

Open access

Emerson Abraham

. Borne, G. (2013). Exploring Discourses of Sustainable development: A Flexible Framework. Methodological Innovations Online, Vol. 8(2): 90-106. 14. Bracken, S. (2006). Discussing the importance of ontology and epistemology awareness in practitioner research. Worcester Journal of Learning and Teaching, Issue 4. 15. Braima, S.J., Fofana, A.I., Jarrett, A.A., Kamara, J.L., Weekes, S. and Wellington, N.S.B. (2015). Measuring National Priorities for Post-2015 in Sierra Leone. July 2015, Freetown, Sierra Leone. Available at: <http

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Anna Gondek

. 20. Shelby Lori B., Vaske Jerry J. (2008), Understanding Meta-Analysis: A Review of the Methodological Literature , „Leisure Sciences”, no. 30.

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Jr-Jung Lyu, Hai-Lun Chao, Chia-Wen Chen and Li-Yu Huang

References Benz, G., & Paddison, N. V. (2004). Developing Patient-Based Marketing Strategies. Healthcare Executive , vol. 19, no. 5, pp. 40-42. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion, Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/chronicdisease/overview/index.htm, Accessed June 5, 2010. Chahal, H. (2010). Two Component Customer Relationship Management Model for Healthcare Services. Managing Service Quality , vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 343-365. Chalmeta, R. (2006). Methodology for Customer Relationship Management. Journal of

Open access

JrJung Lyu, Hai-Lun Chao, Chia-Wen Chen and Li-Yu Huang

References Benz, G., & Paddison, N. V. (2004). Developing Patient-Based Marketing Strategies. Healthcare Executive , vol. 19, no. 5, pp. 40-42. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion, Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/chronicdisease/overview/index.htm, Accessed June 5, 2010. Chahal, H. (2010). Two Component Customer Relationship Management Model for Healthcare Services. Managing Service Quality , vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 343-365. Chalmeta, R. (2006). Methodology for Customer Relationship Management. Journal of

Open access

Marcin Tymiński, Marcin Szuflicki, Agnieszka Malon and Krzysztof Szamałek

Abstract

The article presents the history of collecting data on mineral raw materials export and import in Poland and balancing mineral raw materials resources. The methodology of gathering data was analyzed on the basis of the publication “The Balance of Mineral Resources Deposits in Poland”. This is the current title of the yearbook, the back issues of which are collected in the Polish Geological Institute-National Research Institute headquarters. During the last decades the institutions responsible for collecting and delivering data have changed and they were cited in the article along with the names of general editors of the publication and the authors of the chapter devoted to the exports and imports. As a result, data on mineral raw materials international trade have been presented every year. Moreover, the scope of data and the manner of their presentation were covered in the article. The information on Polish export and import of mineral raw materials has been compiled since the 1960s. Significant changes took place for more than 50 years not only within Polish but also in the world economy, and these economic conditions – the growing number of trade partners, changes in accounting for commodities or currency changes – were the main factors influencing the successive conversions of data presentations. The range of data grew significantly, the source of data altered several times and the methodology of data presentation changed a lot. Over time, there were data presented in longer hindsight and not only on exports and imports but also on the turnover balance. The balance is treated as a reflection of the domestic mineral raw materials sector and of a situation in world mineral economy. Thus, tendencies in the trade turnover have been presented for the last 30 years, for export, import and balance. Graphs were also included in the article showing such changes in relation to the value and magnitude of the trade turnover for all mineral resources and for particular groups – energy, metallic, chemical and rock raw materials. The most important raw materials – in terms of affecting the total balance in Poland – were also specified in the article.