in foreign languages classes. In: Language of Medicine: international interacademic collection of research papers in honour of V. F. Novodranova. Samara; 2015:198–203. Russian.
11. Hu G. Cognitive Mechanisms Underlying Second Language Listening Comprehension [dissertation]. Atlanta; 2009[cited 2016 Nov 11]. Available from: http://scholarworks.gsu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1011&context=alesl_diss . Doctor of philosophy.
12. Jorgensen M, Witt K. Teaching communications skills to medical students using a reflective teaching method and access to
the TMC’s website in Thai language [ 7 ]. However, information in other languages, including English, for FMPs is limited. Although some information is translated and already presented on the TMC’s English website, it does not contain all necessary requirements to pursue a medical career in Thailand, which currently include a work permit for other than Thai citizens. For the benefit of FMPs, the authors have reviewed current domestic regulations and procedures, which may undergo significant changes in the future.
Medical practice in Thailand
physicians in Thailand is not sufficient to meet the needs of the country, a second category of certification for occupational medicine physicians in Thailand is through practicing occupational medicine services or teaching in related fields of occupational medicine for at least 5 years continuously combined with the elective 2-month short course in occupational medicine. Before becoming eligible for the board-certified examination in this category, the physician has to publish 2 research articles. The short course was initially organized by the Thai Bureau of Medical
/theaters. Seventeen hospitals (77%) were involved in residency and medical student training while 12 (55%) were involved in training nurse anesthetists.
Participating hospitals categorized by location in Thailand and level of teaching involvement
Participating hospitals by location in Thailand
Level of teaching involvement
(N = 22)
North 6 (27%)
Chiang Rai Hospital
hematoma [ 5 ], and peritoneal dialysis because of acute renal injury [ 6 ].
To our knowledge, there are few published studies of factors to predict the severity of SGH in neonates. We performed a retrospective study of neonates who had SGH and born in Songklanagarind Hospital over a 33-year period. This study aimed to identify risk factors for SGH between neonates with serious (SC) and nonserious complications (NSC).
Songklanagarind Hospital is part of a university-affiliated teaching hospital at Prince of Songkla University, Songkhla
medical training is organised;
Fourth, there are many university teachers who are not ready to face the modern challenges of higher medical education, completely rethink traditional study goals and strategies of teaching in order to provide optimal challenges for students, ensure a diversity of learning experiences, built in accordance with the possibilities and the needs of all student categories, making students feel competent, supporting their autonomy [ 1 , 2 ] and internationalising the content of higher education [ 3 ]. Fifth, despite proclaimed transformation
S. Yamakawa, O. Razvina, M. Ito, H. Hibino, T. Someya and T. Ushiki
Russia, teaching them various advanced medical technologies, including endoscopy.
The credit system measures study time and compares learning achievements, helping students easily transfer credits from one institution to another. This idea was originated in the United States of America and introduced to Japan during the post-World War II era. Soviet education system didn’t use credits at all and Russia joined the Bologna process only in 2003. Russian universities mainly use ECTS (European Credit Transfer System) which is an important element of the
condition for a full life all over the world. Therefore, teaching different disciplines in English in higher education system is the requirement of modern time. But the system of medical education in Russia offers bilingual educational programs both in Russian and English, as not all patients, who are Russian citizens, will speak English in the nearest future. One of the very important tasks for a doctor is to establish a good contact with a patient and this can be done only in the patient’s native language. In this regard, during their years of education, medical