mental resources. 11 “Positive emotions” is a category of positive psychology. It refers to an individual’s subjective experience and indicates a temporary or persistently positive emotional state. It can increase psychological flexibility and help a person maintain good mental health. Previous literature has reported that positive emotions are significantly, negative correlated with burnout, 12 possibly reducing burnout and serving as the controlling factor in burnout. Thus, we suggest that positive emotions mediate the relationship between burnout and turnover
Jing Du, Lian Fang Du, Feng Hua Li, Xiao Zhi Zheng, Hong Li Li, Qiu Sheng Shi and Ying Wu
highly efficient, lipid-mediated DNA-transfection procedure. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 1987; 84:7413-7.
10. Stechschulte SU, Joussen AM, von Recum HA, et al. Rapid ocular angiogenic control via naked DNA delivery to cornea. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2001; 42:1975-9.
11. Hernot S, Klibanov AL. Microbubbles in ultrasoundtriggered drug and gene delivery. Adv Drug Deliv Rev. 2008; 60:1153-66.
12. Bekeredjian R, Chen S, Pan W, Grayburn PA, Shohet RV. Effects of ultrasound-targeted microbubble destruction on cardiac gene
Xiao-Hong Zhang, Li-Na Meng, Hui-Hui Liu, Ru-Zhen Luo, Chun-Mei Zhang, Pei-Pei Zhang and Yan-Hui Liu
Design and study sample
A cross-sectional design was used to identify the mediating effect of academic self-efficacy in the relationship between nursing students’ SDLR and problem-solving ability. Convenience sampling was used to select participants from a nursing school in Tianjin, China. With a total of 500 respondents, undergraduate nursing students in all grades participated in this survey.
A demographic questionnaire was designed to collect a range of information, including age, gender, grade, and national origin, as well
Ru-Zhen Luo, Xiao-Hong Zhang, Chun-Mei Zhang and Yan-Hui Liu
14 Avoidance style
15 Problem-solving ability
Note: a Correlation is significant at the 0.01 level (two-tailed) .
3.4 The mediating effect of learning attitude
Ling He, Yu-Feng Ma, Ke-Sen Zhang and Ya-Xing Wang
A large number of studies have shown that self-esteem is a core predictor of subjective well-being and life satisfaction, 1 and it is closely related to turnover intention, job burnout, and mental health. 2 , 3 Self-esteem can not only predict individual differences in cognitive, emotional, and behavioral aspects, but also can serve as a mediator to regulate individuals’ physical and psychological responses to success or failure. 4 Individuals with high self-esteem can feel a greater sense of self-worth and have a stable personality tendency
stresem pielęgniarek. Probl Piel. 2014; 22(3): 312–318.
5. Walkiewicz M, Sowińska K, Tartas M. Wypalenie zawodowe wśród personelu medycznego – przegląd literatury. Prz Lek. 2014;71(5):263–269.
6. Li X, Guan L, Chang H, Zhang B. Core self-evaluation and burnout among Nurses: the mediating role of coping styles. PLoS One. 2014;9(12):e115799.Cytowany dn. 22.05.2018r. Adres: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25541990 .
7. Strelau J, Joworowska A, Wrześniewski K, Szczepaniak P. Kwestionariusz radzenia sobie w sytuacjach stresowych CISS. Podręcznik do
Mei-Yan Zhang, Huai-Mei Bi, Tao Wang and Gui-Lan Zhang
.1007/s11136-013-0587-2 Chen Y Hicks A While AE. Quality of life and related factors: a questionnaire survey of older people living alone in Mainland China Qual Life Res. 2014 23 1593 1602
4 Ghorbani Saeedian R, Nagyova I, Klein D, et al. Self-rated health mediates the association between functional status and health-related quality of life in Parkinson’s disease. J Clin Nurs . 2014;23:1970-1977. 10.1111/jocn.12442 Ghorbani Saeedian R Nagyova I Klein D Self-rated health mediates the association between functional status and health-related quality of life in Parkinson
.ijnurstu.2016.01.012 Yu H Jiang A Shen J Prevalence and predictors of compassion fatigue, burnout and compassion satisfaction among oncology nurses: a cross-sectional survey Int J Nurs Stud 2016 57 28 38
7 Yip SYC, Mak WWS, Chio FHN, Law RW. The mediating role of self-compassion between mindfulness and compassion fatigue among therapists in Hong Kong. Mindfulness. 2017;8:460-470. 10.1007/s12671-016-0618-5 Yip SYC Mak WWS Chio FHN Law RW The mediating role of self-compassion between mindfulness and compassion fatigue among therapists in Hong
Peng-Fei Han, Zhi-Liang Zhang, Tao-Yu Chen, Rui-Peng Zhao, Rong Zhang, Xiao-Dong Li, Peng-Cui Li, Lei Wei, Zhi Lv and Xiao-Chun Wei
is associated with increased expression of IL-10. 33
PTOA-related signal transduction pathways
In the joints of patients with PTOA, inflammatory cytokines deliver signals to downstream transcription factors through cell signaling pathways, thereby mediating the differentiation of chondrocytes into fibroblasts and reducing chondrocyte numbers in joints and alleviating fibrosis of the surrounding tissues. These signal transduction pathways include the NF-κB signaling cascade, the MAPK pathway, and the Wnt–β-catenin pathway. 34 , 35 , 36 , 37
-Cultural Design Methods, Practice and Impact Los Angeles Springer 2015 339 348
14 Perrault E, McClelland R, Austin C, Sieppert J. Working together in collaborations: successful process factors for community collaboration. Admin Soc Work 2011;35:282-298. 10.1080/03643107.2011.575343
Perrault E McClelland R Austin C Sieppert J Working together in collaborations: successful process factors for community collaboration Admin Soc Work 2011 35 282 298
15 Rajesh JI, Suganthi L. The mediating role of interpersonal communication satisfaction between