Gülay Gülbol Duran, Mulkiye Kasap, Ramazan Gunesacar, Asena Cigdem Dogramacı and Yasar Gul Denli
-dependent cell death pathway. Cell Death Differ. 2003;10(7):850-2. DOI: 10.1038/sj.cdd.4401245
24. Curtin JF, Cotter TG. Live and let die: regulatory mechanisms in Fas-mediated apoptosis. Cell Signal. 2003;15(11):983-92. DOI: 10.1016/S0898-6568(03)00093-7
25. Alenzi FQ. The role of apoptotic proteins in patients with systemic lupus erythematosis. Egypt J Immunol. 2009;16(1):107-16.
26. Islam Z, Jahan I, Ahammad RU, Shahnaij M, Nahar S, Mohammad QD. FAS promoter polymorphisms and serum sFas level are associated with increased risk of nerve damage in Banladeshi
Irina Camelia Chis, Mihai Socaciu, Remus Moldovan and Simona Clichici
1. Sena CM, Pereira AM, Seica R. Endothelial dysfunction- A major mediator of diabetic vascular disease. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2013 Dec;1832(12):2216-31. DOI: 10.1016/j.bbadis.2013.08.006
2. Sundaram B, Singhal K, Sandhir R. Anti-atherogenic effect of chromium picolinate in streptozotocin-induced experimental diabetes. J Diabetes. 2013 Mar;5(1):43-50. DOI: 10.1111/j.1753-0407.2012.00211.x
3. Chis IC, Muresan A, Adrian O, Andras LN, Simona C. Protective effects of Quercetin and chronic moderate exercise (training) against oxidative
6. Hynes B, Kumar AH, O’Sullivan J, Klein Buneker C, Leblond AL, Weiss S, et al. Potent endothelial progenitor cell-conditioned media-related anti-apoptotic, cardiotrophic, and pro-angiogenic effects post-myocardial infarction are mediated by insulin-like growth factor-1. Eur Heart J. 2013 Mar; 34(10):782-9. DOI: 10.1093/eurheartj/ehr435
7. Ohtani T, Mohammed SF, Yamamoto K, Dunlay SM, Weston SA, Sakata Y, et al. Diastolic stiffness as assessed by diastolic wall strain is associated with adverse remodelling and poor outcomes in heart failure with
Traian Costin Mitulescu, Liliana Mary Voinea, Denisa Predeteanu, Leontina Mirela Banica, Crina Stavaru and Cristiana Matache
CD147 in peripheral monocytes and T lymphocytes of patients with ankylosing spondylitis. Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2010;90(41):2902-6 (abstract).
29. Dhir V, Srivastava R, Aggarwal A. Circulating Levels of Soluble Receptor Activator of NF- κ B Ligand and Matrix Metalloproteinase 3 (and Their Antagonists) in Asian Indian Patients with Ankylosing Spondylitis.
Int J Rheumatol. 2013;2013:814350. DOI: 10.1155/2013/814350
30. Veidal SS, Larsen DV, Chen X, Sun S, Zheng Q, Bay-Jensen AC, et al. MMP mediated type V collagen
Alexandra Florina Cocoi, Dana Pop, Mihai Cocoi, Adela Mihaela Serban and Luminita Animarie Vida-Simiti
Inflammation of the venous wall is involved in thrombogenesis, thrombus resolution, wall remodeling and the post-thrombotic syndrome. Different mechanisms are involved in both arterial and venous thrombosis and patients with atherothrombosis hold a higher risk of venous thrombosis. Although inflammation may represent the connection between arterial and venous thrombosis, it is not yet sure if it is the cause or consequence of venous thrombosis. Consequently, the relationships between inflammation markers as indicators of the inflammatory process and clinical venous thromboembolism need to be investigatd. For example, inflammation mediators such as the pro-inflammatory cytokines interleukin 8 (IL-8), IL-6, monocyte chemotactic protein 1 (MCP-1), C Reactive Protein (CRP), vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1), intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1), matrix metalloproteinases and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha) are all involved in thrombogenesis. Studies of venous thromboembolism on animal models proved that there are specific phases of the inflammatory process in venous thromboembolism and thrombus resolution. Knowing the molecular and immunologic mechanisms, identifying and understanding the inflammation markers which are relevant for venous thrombosis, can help to target specific pathways and to develop future therapies of this disease
Rape is a recurrent adaptive problem of female humans and females of a number of non-human animals. Rape has various physiological and reproductive costs to the victim. The costs of rape are furthermore exaggerated by social rejection and blaming of a victim, particularly by men. The negative perception of raped women by men has received little attention from an evolutionary perspective. Across two independent studies, we investigated whether the risk of sexually transmitted diseases (the STD hypothesis, Hypothesis 1) or paternity uncertainty (the cuckoldry hypothesis, Hypothesis 2) influence the negative perception of raped women by men. Raped women received lower attractiveness score than non-raped women, especially in long-term mate attractiveness score. The perceived attractiveness of raped women was not influenced by the presence of experimentally manipulated STD cues on faces of putative rapists. Women raped by three men received lower attractiveness score than women raped by one man. These results provide stronger support for the cuckoldry hypothesis (Hypothesis 2) than for the STD hypothesis (Hypothesis 1). Single men perceived raped women as more attractive than men in a committed relationship (Hypothesis 3), suggesting that the mating opportunities mediate men’s perception of victims of rape. Overall, our results suggest that the risk of cuckoldry underlie the negative perception of victims of rape by men rather than the fear of disease transmission.
Mircea Cucuianu, Ioana Brudasca, Luminita Plesca, Gyorgy Bodizs, Dan Colhon and Andrei Cucuianu
Protein C is a vitamin K-dependent serine protease secreted by the hepatocytes as an inactive zymogen and activated by thrombin bound to endothelial thrombomodulin. An endothelial protein C receptor (EPCR) is involved in both activation and enhancement of protein C activity, resulting in proteolytic degradation of clotting factors Va and VIIIa, thereby providing an efficient anticoagulant mechanism. Evidence was also provided that proinflammatory cytokines would impair the endothelia-mediated activation and activity of the Protein C system by inducing an internalization and proteolytic degradation of thrombomodulin and by shedding EPCR from the surface of endothelial cells membrane. Clinical and experimental studies also emphasized that an inflammatory acute phase reaction is accompanied by a commuted hepatic protein synthesis leading to an increase of plasma fibrinogen, factor VIII:C and of α1 protease inhibitor, while the plasma level of protein C zymogen decrease. On the other hand infusions of activated protein C were reported to protect from a toxico-septic shock by exerting not only anticoagulant but also anti-inflammatory effects.
Rodica Togănel, Iolanda Muntean, Carmen Duicu, Amalia Făgărăşan, Liliana Gozar and Claudia Bănescu
Background: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is an incapacitating disease even in childhood, associated with very poor prognosis. The disease is characterised by endothelial dysfunction. Two of the key endothelial mediators involved in the PAH pathogenesis are nitric oxide (NO) and angiotensinogen (AGT). Purpose of the study: to evaluate the following gene polymorphisms: endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) G894T, eNOS 4b/4a, and angiotensinogen (AGT) M235T, as well as allele frequency and their association with PAH in children. Material and methods This study included 32 children with pulmonary arterial hypertension secondary to congenital heart disease, 46 children with congenital heart disease without pulmonary arterial hypertension referred to the Pediatric Cardiology Clinic Tg.Mures and 40 healthy controls. All patients underwent a complete physical with NYHA class evaluation, echocardiographic exam and eNOS (G894T, 4b/4a) as well as AGT M235T polymorphisms determination. Results The frequency of eNOS 894T allele (p < 0.0001) was significantly higher in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension. Conclusions Our results advocate that there is a correlation between eNOS 894T allele and pulmonary arterial hypertension in children
Al. Raul Pop, Viorel Miclaus, Simona Ciupe, Gabriela Mutiu, Mihai Borzan, Vasile Rus, Horia Matei and Ioan S. Groza
J, Moreland S, Willoughby C, Collier M, Odum J. Endocrine disruption: Aguidance document for histologic evaluation of endocrine and reproductive tests. Syngenta, 2008.2-5
5. Bjorndahl L, Mortimer D, Barratt CLR, Castilla JA, Menkveld R, Kvist U, Alvarez JG, Haugen TB. A practical guide to basic laboratory andrology. Cambridge University Press. 2010;114-116
6. Anderson D. Brinkwoth MH. Male-mediated Developmental Toxicity, 2007, RSC Publishing; 173-178
7. Lubna HT, Noor HM, Iman NH, Iman MA, Salem RY, Maher IA