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Using Water and Agrochemicals in the Soil, Crop and Vadose Environment (WAVE) Model to Interpret Nitrogen Balance and Soil Water Reserve Under Different Tillage Managements

Hydrology. Vol. 77 p. 145–164. Munoz-Carpena R., Ritter A., Bosch D.D., Schaffer B., Potter T.L. 2008. Summer cover crop impacts on soil percolation and nitrogen leaching from a winter corn field. Agricultural Water Management. Vol. 95 p. 633– 644. Otter-Nacke S., Godwin D.C., Ritchie J.T. 1987. Testing and validating the ceres-wheat model in the diverse environments. Agristars publ. No. Ym-15-00407. Ntis, Springfield, va. pp. 147. Ouedraogo E., Mando A., Brussaard L. 2004. Soil macro-faunal-mediated organic resource disappearance in semi-arid West Africa. Applied

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The stability of soil aggregates in tilled fallow areas in Hyderabad district, Pakistan

. Vol. 77 p. 79–84. R athinasamy M., A damowski J., K hosa R. 2014. Multiscale streamflow forecasting using a new Bayesian model average based ensemble multi-wavelet Volterra nonlinear method. Journal of Hydrology. Vol. 507 p. 186–200. R oberson E.B., S arig S., F irestone M.K. 1991. Cover crop management of polysacchar-ides-mediated aggregation in an orchard soil. Soil Science Society of America Journal. Vol. 55 p. 734–739. S aadat H., A damowski J., B onnell R., S harifi F., N amdar M., A le -E brahim S. 2011. Land use and land cover

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The garden in the modern hospital architecture of the ‘Carioca School’ in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil


The purpose of this article is to explore the role of gardens in the architecture of hospitals of the so-called “carioca school” of architecture, between the years of 1930 and 1960. In other words, to analyze gardens in the works of carioca architects who surrounded the architect Lucio Costa, or whose projects were influenced by the conceptions of this first generation of modern architects, who first graduated architecture school at the National College of Fine Arts and then, after 1945, at the National College of Architecture, in Rio de Janeiro.

The importance of gardens in the architecture of hospitals was mentioned in Edward Stevens’s book “The American hospital of the twentieth century”, in 1918, a publication which can be found at the UFRJ Architecture School library, as well as in the Brazilian doctors’ book collections at the time. Stevens dedicates a chapter of this book to the landscape theme, where he states that the hospital designer and the landscape architect should work together.

On the other hand, Pasteur’s discoveries and their implications in the management of hospital space did not occur without the mediation of landscaping. They resulted in changes when it came to choose the site for the hospital building within a city, as well as in its formal typology - from the Tollet model of pavilions, to the existence of green areas surrounding high buildings, and overlapping nurseries.

It is also relevant to bear in mind that public nationalist buildings played an important role after the revolution of 1930 in Brazil as they represented the state, and this resulted in significant projects.

We are therefore going to present four hospital buildings which were analyzed in our research on the integration of the Arts in the architecture of hospitals. Although the Lagoa Hospital, by Oscar Niemeyer, the Sanatorium Complex of Curicica, by Sérgio Bernardes, the IPPMG, by Jorge Machado Moreira, and the Souza Aguiar Hospital, by Ary Garcia Roza, all have different programs, formal typologies and links with their surrounding area, they are good examples for debating the presence of gardens in the Modern architecture of hospitals in the city of Rio de Janeiro. Three of these examples have fortunately included projects by landscape designer Roberto Burle Marx - the Lagoa Hospital, the IPPMG and the Souza Aguiar Hospital. The two former hospitals have had their buildings be surrounded by large gardens, in order to mitigate the harmful health effects related to the inclusion of hospitals within urban areas. The latter has been built in the 1960s with a complex program, in a dense historical area downtown, but adjacent to an urban park. It includes a vertical garden, which delimits, along with a panel in the hall (also by the same designer), a hallway for the user, between the urban and the healing space.

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The Influence of Project Manager’s Age on Project Success

the blindfold. Field Methods , 27, 3-21. doi:10.1177/1525822X14526838. Baruch, Y., Grimland, S., and Vigoda-Gadot, E. (2014). Professional vitality and career success: Mediation, age and outcomes. European Management Journal , 32, 518-527. doi:10.1016/j.emj.2013.06.004. Blaskovics, B. (2016). The impact of project manager on project success-The case of ICT sector. Society and Economy in Central and Eastern Europe , 38, 261-281. doi:10.1556/204.2016.38.2.7. Bown-Wilson, D. and Parry, E. (2013). Career progression in older managers. Employee

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A Correlational Study on Project Management Methodology and Project Success

References Aga, D. A., Noorderhaven, N., and Vallejo, B. (2016). Transformational leadership and project success: The mediating role of team-building. International Journal of Project Management , 34, 806-818. doi:10.1016/j.ijproman.2016.02.012 Alaa, G. and Fitzgerald, G. (2013). Re-conceptualizing agile information systems development using complex adaptive systems theory. Emergence: Complexity and Organization , 15(3), 1-23. Retrieved from

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