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Lucas de Lucena de Simões, Eline Autran de Lima, Gabriela Carvalho Jurema Santos, Tafnes Oliveira, Elenilson Maximino Bernardo, Luana Olegário, Erika Rabelo Fortes Siqueira and Matheus Santos de Sousa Fernandes
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Antonio Paoli, Pasqualina Cancellara, Pierluigi Pompei and Tatiana Moro
influence rates of MPS and MPB and, ultimately, the NPB. It is well known that nutrition influences, per se, both MPS and MPB.
Measuring muscle protein synthesis (MPS) and muscle protein breakdown (MPB) Protein Turnover
Physiological and metabolic homeostasis is strictly influenced by the regulation of MPS and MPB. Indeed, 80% of the daily protein synthesis comes from the recycling of amino acids from MBP, while only 20% seem to be induced by protein intake with diet ( Wolfe and Chinkes, 2005 ). Under the post-absorptive condition, MPB is approximately 30% higher
Piotr Kaczka, Małgorzata Magdalena Michalczyk, Rafał Jastrząb, Mateusz Gawelczyk and Katarzyna Kubicka
al. (2019) investigated changes in strength comparing HMB-Ca vs. HMB-FA supplementation in 40 males. After 8-week supplementation, there were no positive effects of both HMB-Ca and HMB-FA formula on strength measures in the 1RM protocol (1RM bench press (kg); 1RM back squat (kg)), nor muscle thickness of the vastus lateralis and rectus femoris. Additionally, the same authors, in another 8-week study with resistance training, reported no positive effect of HMB-Ca and HMB-FA on FFM and BF ( Teixeira et al., 2018 ). Slater et al. (2001) performed a similar study
Stephen Harvey, Alexander Gil-Arias, Megan Lorraine Smith and Lindsey Rachel Smith
In physical education, teaching has traditionally been undertaken using a direct instruction pedagogical model. In this model, the teacher is directly responsible for all decisions, which includes the establishment of objectives, lesson management, task presentations, teaching strategies, students’ responsibilities, etc. ( Metzler, 2011 ). This ‘one-size-fits-all’ model has recently been referred to by Kirk (2010) as physical-education-as-sport-techniques where the main aim is to develop ‘technical proficiency’ (Light et al., 2015; Oslin and
Cátia Siopa, Sofia Lopes, Cátia Ferreira and Pedro López
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Tourism Potential of Giełczewska Elevation (Central-Eastern Poland)
Introduction. This study attempts to assess the tourism potential (natural resources of the geographical environment, cultural resources and tourism infrastructure) of Giełczewska Elevation. Material and methods. Based on research conducted in six municipalities, including one urban-rural (Piaski) and five rural (Jabłonna, Wysokie, Krzczonów, Żółkiewka, Rybczewice) the factors affecting the characteristics of tourist space of Giełczewska Elevation were examined. Using 48 features, grouped in four sections (tourist values, recreational and specialist qualities, tourist management, environment condition) the tourist potential of municipalities was assessed. It was expressed by synthetic numerical values of tourist attractiveness measures specified for each municipality. Results. Calculated using the method of multidimensional comparative analysis, the synthetic indices of tourist attractiveness ranged from 0.18 (Wysokie) to 0.47 (urban-rural Piaski). Their volume was significantly affected by characteristics of the group of recreational and special qualities and tourist management. Much less important were qualities of sightseeing, while the smallest - the condition of the environment. Conclusions. In view of the measures obtained, the tourism potential of Giełczewska Elevation values shapes the diverse recreational, specialist and sightseeing, and considerably varying tourist management. Less important is the environment.