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The observation of spatial and functional relations within ecosystems (Forman, Godron, 1993; Michal, 1994; Jongman, 1995 a,b) and Territorial Systems of Ecological Stability and their design have a successful history not only in the Czech Republic, Germany, Austria, Hungary but also in Slovakia and other countries. The main principle of their design is to create an ecological network in intensively utilised landscape through revitalisation of the existing natural habitats and creation of new ones along with the proposal of their protection and management. The presented contribution represents an example of the proposed spatial framework of ecological stability and management measures in the cadastral area of Klasov. The cadastral area is characterised by prevailing large-block arable parcels and viticultural history. In spite of the agricultural character of the landscape, there are also areas with dispersed non-forest woody vegetation, preserved bank vegetation along streams, wetlands with reed associations, forest growths and mosaics of old abandoned orchards and vineyards as the potential elements of the proposed spatial framework of ecological stability. A functional LTSES framework and implementation of the system of ecostabilizing measures may contribute to increasing diversity of the territory and improvement of its spatial ecological stability. Efforts aimed at the recovery of vine-growing tradition represent a positive feature in terms of increased diversity in the territory.
Václav Kadlec, Daniel Žížala, Ivan Novotný, Darina Heřmanovská, Jiří Kapička and Martin Tippl
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In the Czech Republic, more than 50% of agricultural land is threatened by water erosion, which is tremendously increasing during last couple of years. Therefore, it is necessary to deal with soil conservation as soon as possible. Land consolidations (LCs) are thus an important tool for implementation of soil, water and landscape conservation measures. It is possible to arrange land ownerships by them. They also arrange land spatially and functionally, provide availability of parcels and their land use in public interest. Besides that, environmental improvement, soil conservation, water management and increase in landscape ecological stability supplement the use of LCs. The results of soil consolidations serve for renewal of cadastral records and for the backgrounds for landscape planning. The aim of the research was to evaluate the selected site (district Plzeň - South) with regard to the amounts and limits of proposed and implemented measures in LC process. The research was processed on the basis of detailed analysis regarding erosion risk and runoff conditions in GIS compared with the previous data (before LC).
Misael Mohamad Sanguila and Carmelita Garcia Hansel
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