letter by the local board. If it ever came to pass, it has not been recorded, however.
The local board did not justify its further measures with referencing Kirschner’s requests, but with invoking the military command Leitmeritz/Litoměřice. From the given options when determining Kirschner’s former trade, the local board opted for his most recent employment and contacted the management of the railroad maintenance section Böhmisch-Leipa/Česká Lípa, part of the public Bohemian Northern Railway. Early in 1915, the railway ministry had guaranteed employment for disabled
Stefan Couperus, Harm Kaal, Nico Randeraad and Paul van Trigt
municipalities, water management, supervision of infrastructural work, involvement in welfare and health arrangements, and the monitoring of economic developments. We foreground the ›little tools of knowledge‹, such as periodical reports, circulars, statistical investigations, handbooks, and the like, to capture the administrative mentality of the officials in action. Our choice of sources has been inspired by Peter Becker / William Clark (ed.): Little Tools of Knowledge. Historical Essays on Academic and Bureaucratic Practices, Ann Arbor 2001. It is the thick description and
Frits van der Meer, Gerrit Dijkstra and Toon Kerkhoff
-government also pertained to personnel management decisions and regulations regarding civil servants. In accordance with practice in the field of comparative civil service systems, civil servants and public servants are considered to be synonymous.
Over time the nature, content and power relations within the decentralized unitary state did evolve, though the basic structure remained the same, as will be explained in section 2 . Those changes also applied to the interconnection to society. In the period 1814–2016, the Dutch state went from being a Night Watch State, to a
himself, Mr. Adu left his home civil service in Ghana and became an international consultant to the UN and to other colonies which aimed to reform their civil services in view of approaching independence. In 1965 he warned of overly complex structures, well-intended but hard to manage.
A danger , which presents itself to all new African states in greater or lesser measure according to the stages reached in their staff development programmes , is that they may have inherited such complex standards of administrative and departmental structures and procedures
plans, as well as about 3,000 manuscripts«. Österreichisches Staatsarchiv, »Haus-, Hof- und Staatsarchiv – Information in brief«, online: http://www.oesta.gv.at/site/6150/default.aspx (14. 8. 2018). Consular service records represent only a small portion of the archive’s holdings. The management of paper was a core part of what made the bureaucrat a recognizable professional type: from the lowliest postal official to the emperor himself; the processing, organizing, producing, and distributing of paper lay at the heart of the management of empire. On the emperor
, struggle over this peculiar form of authority consisting in the power to rule via legislation, regulations, administrative measures (subsidies, authorizations, restrictions, etc.)«. Bourdieu/Wacquant, Réponses, p. 111. The state has emerged as the result of two simultaneous and related processes. Rémi Lenoir, »Bourdieu et ľÉtat«, in: Savoir/Agir 19 (2012), p. 117–126, at p. 120; Rémi Lenoir, »ĽÉtat selon Pierre Bourdieu«, in: Sociétés contemporaines 87 (2012), p.123–154, at p. 136–137; Rémi Lenoir, »ĽÉtat selon Pierre Bourdieu: Une monopolisation de l’universel«, in
, Minneapolis, Minnesota 2016, pp. 251–266. Much more so, it can be claimed that the complaints served the ritual, as petitions are ritualized cries and are subject to a bureaucratic management of emotions. The petitioning language distances itself over and over again from linguistic regimentation when scenes of suffering are drastically depicted and the petition collides with the administrative style (Latin: stilus curiae ). This is connected to the overemotionalization of the language which, even if it submits to the power over writing and adapts mimetically to the
Österreich, 1848–1914, Vienna 2013, pp. 54–57; Bach’s reform attempts are echoed in later reform proposals: Fredrik Lindström: Empire and Identity. Biographies of the Austrian State Problem in the Late Habsburg Empire, West Lafayette 2008, pp. 46f. On trust as emotion, cf. Ute Frevert: »Vertrauen. Historische Annäherungen an eine Gefühlshaltung«, in: Claudia Benthien / Anne Fleig / Ingrid Kasten (eds.): Emotionalität. Zur Geschichte der Gefühle, Cologne 2000, pp. 178–197. Bach shifted the emotion management of the subjects from a »ritual apparatus« triggering their
Roche, Histoire des pères et de la paternité, Paris 1990. The father »stands in for the law, corrects habits and trains obedience«: Pierre-Antoine Fenet, Recueil complet des travaux préparatoires du Code civil, n° 51, vol. 10, Paris 1927, p.486. In 1808, the Minister of the Interior, Joseph Fouché, countered a report from the vaccinators: »the coercive measures which they propose are not at all authorised by law and gentleness and persuasion are the most efficient means of making the new inoculation a success«. Paris, Archives nationales (henceforth AN) F 8 97, p
Organizations. A Review and Theoretical Integration«, in: Academy of Management Annals 1 (2007), pp. 315–386; Uli Linke: »Contact Zones. Rethinking the Sensual Life of the State«, in: Anthropological Theory 6 (2006), pp. 205–225; Mateusz Laszczkowski / Madeleine Reeves: »Affective States – Entanglements, Suspensions, Suspicions«, in: Social Analysis. The International Journal of Anthropology 59/4 (2015), pp. 1–14; Glenda Maconachie: »Emotional Suppression to Regulated Empathy. From One Face of Control to Another«, in: Labour & Industry. A Journal of the Social and Economic