Michael Fritsch, Knut Koschatzky, Ludwig Schätzl and Rolf Sternberg
allen hochindustrialisierten Staaten beruht das nachhaltige Wachstum von Unternehmen und (damit) von Regionen auf deren Fähigkeit zur permanenten Entwicklung und Herstellung innovativer Produkte. Da Innovation Information und Wissen voraussetzt, werden diese beiden Elemente zu entscheidenden Erfolgsfaktoren der Regionalentwicklung. Die Fähigkeit zur Innovation erfordert den Zugang zu solchen „invisible factors” („tacit knowledge”, „sticky Information” Hippel, E. v.: ‘Sticky Information’ and the Locus of Problem Solving: Implication for Innovation. In: Management
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Pascal Krauthausen, Michael Leitner, Alina Ristea and Andrew Curtis
This proposed research builds upon two (unpublished) soccer-related graffiti maps compiled by Dr. Piotr Trzepacz in 2006 and 2016. He is currently a researcher at the Institute of Geography and Spatial Management (IGSM), Jagiellonian University in Krakow, Poland and an important facilitator of this project. The original collections of the soccer-related graffiti was conducted on a bicycle, pictures taken by a digital camera, and graffiti locations were manually recorded for subsequent visualization on maps. In contrast, this research applied the
implemented and the K.E.R.N. Region, which had served as a pilot for regional cooperation across local administrative boundaries since 1991, collapsed in 2008.
The advocates of an ICZM approach within the federal state ministry stressed its role as a communicative process through which the potential of coastal zones might be identified and conflicts between sectoral stakeholders or interest groups could be resolved. In particular it was hoped that Integrated Coastal Zone Management might lead to greater public acceptance of coastal protection plans, measures and projects
of the differences.
There is a certain degree of consensus concerning what land management is and which components are part of land management. Land management is considered a domain dealing with the efficient, sustainable and socially acceptable distribution of land rights and land use. Kötter, Berend, Drees et al. (2015 : 136) describe it as an “action-oriented component of spatial development and land policy, including all planning and development processes as well as evaluation and regulatory measures for the use of land structural facilities”. Magel, Thiel
Pohl J. Zehetmair S. Mayer J. 2012 Risk, Space and System Theory: Communication und Management of Natural Hazards Müller-Mahn D. The spatial dimension of risk. How geography shapes the emergence of riskscapes London (in press)
Schneiderbauer, S.; Ehrlich, D. (2006): Social levels and hazard (in) dependence in determining vulnerability. In: Birkmann, J. (Ed.): Measuring Vulnerability to Natural Hazards. Towards disaster resilient societies. Tokyo, New York, Paris, 78–102.
Schneiderbauer S. Ehrlich D. 2006 Social
functions as the basis for a principal components analysis to derive a series of metropolitan indices for all 439 German districts.
Despite the valuable insights provided by these studies, there are also theoretical and evidential problems associated with such an attributive approach ( Taylor 1997 ; see also Blotevogel/Schulze 2009 : 31 ff.). First, without a convincing theoretical foundation for the selection of individual indicators and the construction of composite indices, there is the danger of adding up measures that capture very different social, economic