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Research scholars: temp workers or lifetime students? The struggle and organization of subjectivities that are ‘in between’

Abstract

This article addresses the process of political organization and unionizing among university researchers in Italy which are formally considered to be ‘in training’. This condition puts them in a sort of liminal space, between being recognized as fully employed professionals and being instead considered lifetime students. Their effort to organize politically can be seen as one of many ways through which students are fighting against the establishment of the neoliberal university model. The analysis is focused on the Italian movement called CRNS - Coordinamento dei Ricercatori non Strutturati (Non-structured Research Fellows Coordination), which formed to address this defining issue. The CRNS experiment aimed at achieving a sense of unity among the fragmented academic workforce and it can be considered a prototype of a new, grassroots form of union activity and organizing. The empirical data used in the analysis consists of ten in-depth interviews with university researchers, all Italian citizens, equally divided between men and women, who have all had to move around, as a function of their career and who have all been involved, to different degrees, in political and union organizing initiatives, regarding their conditions of ‘perpetual students’ rather than ‘not quite employed’.

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Development of Creation of Executive Function-EF Model for Preschool Children through the Participation Process of the School under Suan Dusit University’s Network

References Chittawadi Thongthua. (2014). The Development of Community Participation Model for Life-Time Education in the Educational Institution: Participatory Action Research. Doctor of Philosophy Dissertation in Non-Formal Education, Chulalongkorn University. Dutsadi Uppakan. (2017). The Development of Free Play Education according to Brain-Based Intellectual and Learning to Enhance Executive Function of Kindergarten Students. Doctor of Philosophy Dissertation in Early Childhood Education, Chulalongkorn University. Nuanchan Chuthaphakdikun

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Long term perspectives on higher education: student movements, human capital and expert culture

). Contentious Politics in New Democracies: East Germany, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia, 1989-93. World Politics , 50 (4), 547–581. https://doi.org/10.1177/0094306110367909c Ekiert, G., & Kubik, J. (2001). Rebellious Civil Society: Popular Protest and Democratic Consolidation in Poland, 1989-1993 . University of Michigan Press. Filippi, D. (2018). Research scholars: temp workers or lifetime students? The struggle and organization of subjectivities that are “in between.” International Review of Social Research , 8 (1). Foroni, M. (2011). Student

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Mapping students’ organizations in post-communist Romania: a structuration perspective

-1993: a research report. Communist and Post-Communist Studies , 31 (2), 91–117. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0967-067X(98)00002-6 Ekiert, G., & Kubik, J. (1998b). Contentious Politics in New Democracies: East Germany, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia, 1989-93. World Politics , 50 (4), 547–581. https://doi.org/10.1177/0094306110367909c ESIB. (2005). Bologna with student eyes 2005 . Analysis . Bergen, Norway: ESIB - The National Unions of Students in Europe. Filippi, D. (2018). Research scholars: temp workers or lifetime students? The struggle and

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Parenthood and Later Life Health: An International Life Course Analysis of Parents and Childless Adults Aged 50 and Older

Planck Institute for Demographic Research Working Paper, Rostock. Furstenberg, Frank F. 2007. Destinies of the Disadvantaged: The Politics of Teen Childbearing. New York: Russell Sage Foundation. Furstenberg Jr., Frank F., Jeanne Brooks-Gunn, and S. Philip Morgan. 1987. Adolescent Mothers in Later Life. New York, NY, US: Cambridge University Press. Gibney, Sarah, Liam Delaney, Mary Codd, and Tony Fahey. 2015. Lifetime Childlessness, Depressive Mood and Quality of Life Among Older Europeans. Social Indicators Research 130(1): 1–19. Goisis

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Vulnerability in Health Trajectories: Life Course Perspectives

. Social Influences on Trajectories of Self-Rated Health: Evidence From Britain, Germany, Denmark and the USA. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 65(2): 130–136. Seery, Mark D., E. Alison Holman, and Roxane Cohen Silver. 2010. Whatever Does Not Kill Us: Cumulative Lifetime Adversity, Vulnerability, and Resilience. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 99(6): 1025–1041. Shors, Tracey J., Megan L. Anderson, Daniel M. Curlik, and Myriam S. Nokia. 2012. Use it or Lose it: How Neurogenesis Keeps the Brain Fit for Learning. Behavioural Brain

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Using GIS methods to analyse the spatial distribution and public accessibility of pharmacies in Craiova city, Romania

over their lifetime ( Ministry of Health, 2014 ; IHME, 2016 ). Therefore, Romania is listed among the countries with the highest burden due to disease in the ECE. Over 40% of the general burden of disability in 2015 (measured in DALY) can be attributed to behavioural risk factors, including smoking and alcohol consumption, food risk and poor physical activity ( IHME 2016 ). Studies proved that high values of DALY can cause financial losses that influence the level of economic development in a country. Despite the fact that 78% of the healthcare expenditures are

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Climate change threats to a floral wedding: Threats of shifting phenology to the emerging South African wedding industry

Tourism, Wedding Destinations and Floral Venues Literature on weddings and wedding tourism is fairly scarce, particularly for the South African wedding tourism industry (Rogerson, Wolfaardt, 2015). Throughout history, weddings have gained substantial social and cultural meaning as a rite of passage and have been perceived as a ‘once-in-a-lifetime’ occasion ( Chesser, 1980 ; Bambacas, 2002 ; Mupotsa, 2014 ; Rogerson, Wolfaardt, 2015). Due to the diverse socio-cultural reality of South Africa, and the world at large, there is a wide array of cultural and traditional

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A Cross Sectional Study on HIV Risk Perception and Sexual Behaviours among Commercial Motorcyclists in Makurdi, Benue State Nigeria

Abstract

The study was aimed at determining the HIV risk perception and sexual behaviour among commercial motorcyclists in Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria. The study design was cross sectional study among 344 consenting, registered commercial motorcyclists, aged 18 years and above working in Makurdi, Benue State capital. A multistage sampling technique was used to select the respondents from a total of 5000 motorcyclists spread across 45 stations within Makurdi. Data was collected in September 2014 using structured interviewer administered questionnaire. Analysis was done with SPSS version 20.0. The mean age was 28.18 (± 7.94) years. Approximately 93% of the participants reported ever having sex. The average lifetime number of sexual partners was 8.9 (± 20.26) while 48.0% reported having had more than one sexual partner in the previous one year. A two third of the respondents (66.7%) reported use of condom during their last sex with a non-regular partner. Slightly less than a quarter (24.1%) of the respondents have paid to have sex in the previous one year. However only 29.6% perceived themselves as been at moderate or high risk of contracting HIV. There was significant association between risk perception and use of condom during last sex with any partner {OR-2.687 (95% CI= 1.337 - 5.400) p=0.005}. There is low personal risk perception despite high proportion of risky sexual behaviours among the respondents. HIV prevention interventions among commercial motorcyclists need to be more tailored and with the objective of building assertive skills in addition to imparting knowledge.

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Private Saving Determinants in Portugal

stock . Washington, DC: American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research. David, M., & Menchik, P. L. (1985). The effect of social security on lifetime wealth accumulation and bequests. Economica , 52, 421-434. Dooley, M., Frankel, J., & Mathieson, D. J. (1987). International capital mobility: What do saving-investment correlations tell us? Staff Papers-International Monetary Fund , 34(3), 503-530. Dynan, K. E., Skinner, J., & Zeldes, S. P. (2002). The importance of bequests and life-cycle saving in capital accumulation: A new answer

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