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Carmine Zoccali, Samar Abd ElHafeez, Evangelia Dounousi, Rossana Anastasi, Giovanni Tripepi and Francesca Mallamaci

. 2013 ACC/AHA guideline on the treatment of blood cholesterol to reduce atherosclerotic cardiovascular risk in adults: a report of the American College of Cardiology/ American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines. Circulation. 2014; 129: S1-45. 11. Grams ME, Chow EK, Segev DL, Coresh J. Lifetime incidence of CKD stages 3-5 in the United States. Am J Kidney Dis. 2013; 62: 245-252. 12. Hoerger TJ, Wittenborn JS, Segel JE et al. A health policy model of CKD: 2. The cost-effectiveness of microalbuminuria screening. Am J

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Davide Filippi

Abstract

This article addresses the process of political organization and unionizing among university researchers in Italy which are formally considered to be ‘in training’. This condition puts them in a sort of liminal space, between being recognized as fully employed professionals and being instead considered lifetime students. Their effort to organize politically can be seen as one of many ways through which students are fighting against the establishment of the neoliberal university model. The analysis is focused on the Italian movement called CRNS - Coordinamento dei Ricercatori non Strutturati (Non-structured Research Fellows Coordination), which formed to address this defining issue. The CRNS experiment aimed at achieving a sense of unity among the fragmented academic workforce and it can be considered a prototype of a new, grassroots form of union activity and organizing. The empirical data used in the analysis consists of ten in-depth interviews with university researchers, all Italian citizens, equally divided between men and women, who have all had to move around, as a function of their career and who have all been involved, to different degrees, in political and union organizing initiatives, regarding their conditions of ‘perpetual students’ rather than ‘not quite employed’.

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Heid Nøkleby

depression. International Journal of Eating Disorders 34 (2): 211-219 Kessler, R. C. & Berglund, P. & Demler, O. & Jin, R. & Merikangas, KR. & Walters, E. E. (2005): Lifetime prevalence and age-of-onset distributions of DSM-IV disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Archives of General Psychiatry 62: 593-602 Kessler, R. C. & McGonagle, K. A. & Zhao, S. & Nelson, C. B. & Hughes, M. & Eshleman, S. & Wittchen, H. A. & Kendler, K. S. (1994): Lifetime and 12-months prevalence of DSM-II-R psychiatric disorders

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Dominic Sagoe, Torbj⊘rn Torsheim, Helge Molde, Cecilie Schou Andreassen and Ståle Pallesen

Psychiatry, 71 (3), 254- 261. Pope Jr., H. G., Kanayama, G., Athey, A., Ryan, E., Hudson, J. I., & Baggish, A. (2013). The lifetime prevalence of anabolic-androgenic steroid use and dependence in Americans: Current best estimates. American Journal of Addictions , doi: 10.1111/j.1521-0391.2013.12118.x [Epub ahead of print] Sagoe, D., Molde, H., Andreassen, C. S., Torsheim, T., & Pallesen, S. (2014a). The global epidemiology of anabolic-androgenic steroid use: A meta-analysis and meta-regression analysis. Annals of Epidemiology, 24 (5), 383-398. Sagoe, D., Andreassen

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Dominic Sagoe, Torbjørn Torsheim, Helge Molde, Cecilie Schou Andreassen and Ståle Pallesen

. Brady, M. Galanter, & P. Conrod (Eds.), Drug abuse and addiction in medical illness: Causes, consequences and treatment (pp. 251–264). New York: Springer. Pope Jr., H. G., Kanayama, G., & Hudson, J. I. (2012). Risk factors for illicit anabolic-androgenic steroid use in male weightlifters: A cross-sectional cohort study. Biological Psychiatry, 71 (3), 254– 261. 10.1016/j.biopsych.2011.06.024 Pope Jr., H. G., Kanayama, G., Athey, A., Ryan, E., Hudson, J. I., & Baggish, A. (2013). The lifetime prevalence of anabolic-androgenic steroid use and dependence in

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Why Do We Do What We Do?

Motivation in History and the Social Sciences

Ramsay MacMullen

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Eugeniusz Suwiński

Abstract

All societies of our civilization are growing old, people live longer and longer and there are more and more old people. It results in the fact that problems of old people, either individual or of social aspects, are getting one of the crucial tasks for the society nowadays. In fact, there are no grounds to envy or to feel compassion for old people. The old man is a fully normal man, only the old one. We are all growing old…whether we want it or not – and we can only wonder, how it will be, when we get old… Without any doubt, it is important to live as long as possible, but not less important is the quality of life, physical and mental condition, good mood and the most of all – the good health. The old age, may not be a flow of happiness, but it of course has its good prospects and can remain positive. The aim of that study is the attempt to show the status of a man in the process of ageing and all aspects connected with this process. The study should allow us not only to perceive the positive aspects of old age, but also to acquaint ourselves with the mechanism of growing old and show us how to reduce the instinctive fear of growing old and what to do to make this period of our lives bearable and stately. What does it mean to grow old? How does it feel like to be old? How have people tried to prevent the process of ageing in different cultures in the past centuries? How it is being done nowadays? What are the advantages of growing old? The attempt to find the answers for the above mentioned questions is the aim of that study. Its keynote is paradoxically quite optimistic and helps us to stay calm in the face of this inevitable fate we all are going to meet with.

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Katarzyna Adamczyk and Aleksandra Pilarska

]. Poznań: Wydawnictwo Zysk i S-ka. Palus, K. (2010). Wybrane psychologiczne uwarunkowania braku partnera życiowego w okresie wczesnej dorosłości [The selected psychological factors of the lack of a lifetime partner in young adulthood]. Poznań: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Wydziału Nauk Społecznych UAM. Plopa, M. (2002). Doświadczanie intymności a satysfakcja z małżeństwa [The experience of intimacy and marital satisfaction]. Małżeństwo i Rodzina, 3 ( 3 ), 22-26. Prisbell, M. (1988). Dating competence

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Anastasios Fotiou, Eleftheria Kanavou, Clive Richardson and Anna Kokkevi

treatment for opioid analgesic abuse. Pain, 139 , 127–135. Conway, K. P., Compton, W., Stinson, F. S., & Grant, B. F. (2006). Lifetime comorbidity of DSM-IV mood and anxiety disorders and specifc drug use disorders: Results from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 67 , 247–257. Council of the European Union (2012, December 29). Council Recommendation No. 2012/C 402/01 on the EU Drugs Strategy (2013-20) . Fleary, S. A., Heffer, R. W., & McKyer, E. L. (2011). Dispositional, ecological and biological

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Alessia Mammone, Francesco Fabi, Emanuela Colasante, Valeria Siciliano, Sabrina Molinaro, Ludwig Kraus and Carla Rossi

(3), 184–194. Siliquini, R., Faggiano, F., Geninatti, S., Versino, E., Mitola, B., & Ippolito, R. (2001). Patterns Of Drug Use Among Young Men In Piedmont (Italy). Drug And Alcohol Dependence , 64 , 329–335. Sneed, C. D., Morisky, D. E., Rotheram-Borusa, M. J. Lee, S., & Ebin, V. J. (2004). Indices Of Lifetime Polydrug Use Among Adolescents. Journal Of Adolescence, 27 , 239–249. Van Amsterdam, J., Opperhuizen, A., Koeter, M., & Van Den Brink, W. (2010). Ranking The Harm Of Alcohol, Tobacco And Illicit Drugs For The Individual And The Population. European