Martin Vanek, Filip Mravec, Martin Szotkowski, Dana Byrtusova, Andrea Haronikova, Milan Certik, Volha Shapaval and Ivana Marova
. Carotenoids from Rhodotorula and Phaffia: yeasts of biotechnological importance. J Ind Microbiol Biotechnol 2009; 36:163-180.
5. Kandori H, Sasabe H, MimuroI M. Direct Determination of a Lifetime of the S2 State of Beta-Carotene by Femtosecond Time-Resolved Fluorescence Spectroscopy. J Am Chem Soc 1994; 116:2671-2672.
6. Xia S, Tan C, Zhang Y, Abbas S, Feng B, Zhang X, Qin F. Modulating effect of lipid bilayer–carotenoid interactions on the property of liposome encapsulation. Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces 2015; 128:172-180.
7. Schlee C, Miedl M
., Ferreira Marques M.F. Da Graça Miguel M.(1996). Size of sodium dodecyl sulfate micelles in aqueous solutions as studied by positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy. J. Phys. Chem., 100, 16608-16612.
Gryczynski I., Malicka J., Gryczynski Z. & Lakowicz J.R.(2004). Radiative decay engineering 4. Experimental studies of surface plasmon-coupled directional emission. Anal. Biochem., 324, 170-182.
Guo D., Zhang J., Huang Z., Jiang S. & Gu N.(2014). Colloidal silver nanoparticles improve anti-leukemic drug efficacy via amplification of
Steinhoff H.J., Lieutenant K., Schlitter J. (1989). Residual motion of hemoglobin - bound spin labels as a probe for protein dynamics. Z. Naturforsch. 44c, 280-288,
Steinhoff H.J. (1990). Residual motion of hemoglobin-bound spin labels and protein dynamics: viscosity dependence of the rotational correlation times. Eur. Biophys. J. 18, 57-62.
Takeda K., Yamamoto K. (1990). Fluorescence lifetime and rotational correlation time of bovine serum albumin-sodium dodecyl sulfate complex labeled with 1-dimethylaminonaphthalene-5-sulfonyl chloride: Effect of
Frąckowiak D. & Fiksiński K. (1976). Przekazywanie energii w jednostkach fotosyntetycznych. Post. Biochem. , 22 , 439-465.
Frąckowiak D., Zelent B., Malak H., Planner A., Cegielski R., Munger G. & Leblanc R. M. (1994). Fluorescence of aggregated forms of Chl a in various media, J. Photochem. Photobiol. A: Chem. 78 , 49-55.
Frąckowiak D., Dudkowiak A., Ptak A., Malak H., Gryczyński I. & Zelent B. (1998). Fluorescence lifetimes of oriented green bacteria cells, cell
Mahmut C. Ergören, Rita Neumann, Ingrid Berg and Alec J. Jeffreys
PRDM9 plays a key role in specifying meiotic recombination hotspot locations in humans. To examine the effects of both the 13-bp sequence motif (cis-regulator) and trans-regulator PRDM9 on crossover frequencies and distribution, we studied Hotspot DA. This hotspot had the motif at its centre, and a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) that disrupts the motif. The crossover frequency showed Hotspot DA to be a regular hotspot with an average crossover rate (~8 X10-4) among hotspots assayed on autosomes. Our results show that, comparing the rates and distributions of sperm crossover events between donors heterozygous for the disrupting SNP showed that there was a huge asymmetry between the two alleles, with the derived, motif-disrupting allele completely suppressing hotspot activity. Intensive biased gene conversion, both in to crossovers and noncrossovers, has been found at Hotspot DA. Biased gene conversion that influences crossover and non-crossover hotspot activity correlates with PRDM9 allele A. In Hotspot DA, the lifetime of the hotspot mostly depends on the cis-regulatory disrupting SNP, and on the trans-regulatory factor PRDM9. Overall, our observation showed that Hotspot DA is the only evidence for human crossover hotspot regulation by a very strong cisregulatory disrupting SNP.