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Nina Volkmann, Nicole Kemper and Anke Römer

References ADR (2000). ADR-Recommendation 3.1 – Performance test for functional traits of bulls and cows (health, reproduction, lifetime, exterior, milkability). Accessed Apr. 11, 2017 Bazeley K.J., Barrett D.C., Williams P.D., Reyher K.K. (2016). Measuring the growth rate of UK dairy heifers to improve future productivity. Vet. J., 212: 9–14. De Rensis F., Scaramuzzi R.F. (2003). Heat stress and seasonal effects on reproduction in the dairy cow – a review. Theriogenology, 60

Open access

Anna Sawa, Kamil Siatka and Sylwia Krężel-Czopek

References Adamczyk K., Makulska J., Jagusiak W., Węglarz A. (2017). Associations between strain, herd size, age at first calving, culling reason and lifetime performance characteristics in Holstein-Friesian cows. Animal, 11: 327–334. Ahlman T., Berglund B., Rydhmer L., Strandberg E. (2011). Culling reasons in organic and conventional dairy herds and genotype by environment interaction for longevity. J. Dairy Sci., 94: 1568–1575. Bayram B., Yanar M., Akbulut O. (2009). The effect of average daily gain and age at first calving on reproductive and

Open access

Peter Balogh, Wojciech Kapelański, Hanna Jankowiak, Lajos Nagy, Sandor Kovacs, Laszlo Huzsvai, Jozsef Popp, Janos Posta and Angela Soltesz

., Greenacre M. (2007). Correspondence analysis in R, with two- and three-dimensional graphics: The ca package. J. Stat. Soft., 20: 1-13. Nikkil ä M.T., Stalder K.J., Mote B.E., Rothschild M.F., Gunsett F.C., Johnson A.K., Karriker L.A., Boggess M.V., Serenius T.V. (2013). Genetic associations for gilt growth, compositional, and structural soundness traits with sow longevity and lifetime reproductive performance. J. Anim. Sci., 91: 1570-1579. Pluym L., Van Nuffel A., Dewulf J., Cools A., Vangroenweghe F., Van Hoore-beke S., Maes D. (2011

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Zbigniew Sobek, Jolanta Różańska-Zawieja, Anna Nienartowicz-Zdrojewska and Beata Dybionka

References Agerholm J.S. B endixem C.,Andersen O.Arnbjerg J. (2001). Complex vertebral malformation in Holstein calves. J. Vet. Diagn. Inves., 13: 283-289. Antkowiak I. Pyllewski J. Dorynek Z. (2003). Lifetime production performance and the causes of culling of cows in the “Lubianka” fami (OHZ Lubiana) (in Polish). Anim. Prod. Rev. Pol. Soc. Anim. Prod. 68: 123-130. CRVNL (2013). [<>], last access date: 15-06-2013. CRVNL (2013). [<>], last

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Zygmunt Litwińczuk, Paweł Żółkiewski, Witold Chabuz and Przemysław Jankowski

persistencies from producer-recorded health data and test-day yields. J. Dairy Sci., 92: 1785–1795. Archer S.C., McCoy F., Wapenaar W., Green M.J. (2013). Association between somatic cell count early in the first lactation and the lifetime milk yield of cows in Irish dairy herds. J. Dairy Sci., 96: 2951–2959. Archer S.C., McCoy F., Wapenaar W., Green M.J. (2014). Bayesian evaluation of budgets for endemic disease control: An example using management changes to reduce milk somatic cell count early in the first lactation of Irish dairy cows. Prev. Vet. Med., 113: 80

Open access

Magdalena Sobczyńska, Tadeusz Blicharski and Mirosław Tyra

performance. Proc. 20th International Symposium “Animal Science Days”, 19-21.09.2012, Kranjska Gora, Slovenia, pp. 199-203. Gill P. (2007). Nutritional management of the gilt for lifetime productivity - feeding for fitness or fatness? Proc. London Swine Conference, 3-4.04.2007, London, Ontario, pp. 83-99. Hoge M.D., Bates R.O. (2011). Developmental factors that influence sow longevity. J. Anim. Sci., 89: 1238-1245. Holm B., Bakken M., Klemetsdal G., Vangen O. (2004). Genetic correlations between reproduction and production

Open access

Krzysztof Adamczyk, Wojciech Jagusiak and Joanna Makulska

References Adamczyk K., Pokorska J., Makulska J., Earley B., Mazurek M. (2013). Genetic analysis and evaluation of behavioural traits in cattle. Livest. Sci., 154: 1–12. Adamczyk K., Makulska J., Jagusiak W., Węglarz A. (2017). Associations between strain, herd size, age at first calving, culling reason and lifetime performance characteristics in Holstein-Friesian cows. Animal, 11: 327–334. Boichard D., Brochard M. (2012). New phenotypes for new breeding goals in dairy cattle. Animal, 6: 544–550. Buckley F., Lopez-Villalobos N., Heins B

Open access

József Horváth, Zsanett Tóth and Edit Mikó

persistency, female fertility, longevity, and lifetime profit index traits in Holstein dairy cattle, Journal of Dairy Science, 100 (2), 1246-1258. DOI: 7. Holstein Association USA (2017). Genetic Evaluations for Productive Life, Somatic Cell Score and Net Merit Dollars, from 8. Sewalem, A., Miglior, F., Kistemaker, G.J., Sullivan, P. & Van Doormaal, B.J. (2008), Relationship between reproduction traits and functional longevity in

Open access

Zahra Tazerouni and Ali Asghar Talebi


Sipha maydis (Passerini) is a pest of Poaceae in many cereal-growing area of the world and Iran. The effects of temperature on biology and life table were investigated at five constant temperatures (15, 20, 25, 30 and 32.5±1°C), 60±5% relative humidity (RH) and a photoperiod of 16L : 8D h. The results indicated that aphids failed to complete development at 32.5°C. Developmental time was ranged between 17.28 to 9.55 days at 15 and 30°C, respectively. The lower developmental threshold (T0) and thermal constant of S. maydis were estimated to be –5.52°C and 332.22 degree-days, respectively. The Analytis-3/Briere-1 model (as non linear model) is highly recommended for the description of temperature dependent development of S. maydis. The highest life expectancy of adults at emergence was 33.35 days at 20°C. The mean adult longevity of females and nymphipositional period were the highest at 20°C. The mean lifetime fecundity at 15, 20, 25 and 30°C were 21.24±1.97, 44.82±3.18, 22.25±2.33 and 16.39±1.15 nymphs/female, respectively. The survivorship curves of S. maydis were type I at 20 and 25°C (H < 0.5) and type III at 15 and 30°C (H > 0.5). The highest and lowest values of intrinsic rate of increase (rm) were observed at 20 (0.173±0.012 females/female/day) and 15°C (0.109±0.003 females/female/ /day), respectively. The growth index (GI) at 15, 20, 25 and 30°C were 0.033, 0.069, 0.062 and 0.038, respectively. According to this research the optimum temperature for population growth of S. maydis was 20°C. Our findings provide fundamental information and when this information is used in association with other ecological data, it may be valuable in development and implementation of management programs of S. maydis.

Open access

T. Olšan, M. Libra, V. Poulek, B. Chalupa and J. Sedláček

, Libra M (2012): Towards 50 years lifetime of PV panels laminated with silicone gel technology. Solar Energy, 86, 10, 3103-3108. Poulek V, Libra M, Jirka V, Persic IS (2013): Polysiloxane gel lamination technology for solar panels and rastered glazing. ILSA, Prague. Rösch R, Krebs FC, Tanenbaum DM, Hoppe H (2012): Quality control of roll-to-roll processed polymer solar modules by complementary imaging methods. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 97, 176-180. Sharma V, Chandel SS (2016): A novel study for determining