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What do we know about sleep paralysis?

. Recurrent isolated sleep paralysis: Polysomnographic and clinical findings. Somnologie-Schlafforschung und Schlafmedizin. 2004;8(2):53-60. 16. Torontali ZA, Grace KP, Horner RL, Peever JH. Cholinergic involvement in control of REM sleep paralysis. J Physiol. 2014; 592(7):1425-6. 17. Jalal B, Ramachandran VS. Sleep paralysis and “the bedroom intruder”: The role of the right superior parietal, phantom pain and body image projection. Med Hypotheses. 2014;83(6):755-7. 18. Sharpless BA1, Barber JP. Lifetime prevalence rates of sleep paralysis: a systematic

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An overlooked issue: sexual dysfunctions in men addicted to alcohol

Abstract

Introduction According to the data obtained in the EZOP Poland study (2015), the prevalence of alcohol dependence in lifetime in Poland amounts to about 2.2% of the population, entailing enormous social, family and personal harm, including health damage. It is estimated that about 72% of alcohol-dependent patients complain about one or more problems related to the sexual sphere, which may result from both the development of somatic complications in the course of alcohol dependence, and from psychiatric complications that themselves can lead to sexual dysfunction. There are reports and clinical observations indicating that the occurrence of sexual dysfunction (SD) can affect the shortening or interruption of the period of abstinence.

Aim The aim of this work is to show sexual dysfunctions in alcohol-dependent men and to discuss the factors that may affect the occurrence of the above-mentioned dysfunctions.

Material and methods The available literature was reviewed using Medline, Google Scholar and ScienceDirect browsers by entering the keywords: alcohol dependence, sexual dysfunction, comorbidity, alcohol-caused diseases and time descriptors: 1979-2016.

Results

• Alcohol dependence is associated with the occurrence of various types of sexual dysfunctions (SD).

• The diagnosis of SD should take into account all possible causes that may lead to the development of SD in this group of patients, including the comorbidity of somatic diseases or the negative impact of drugs on sexual function.

• Occurrence of SD is connected with a higher risk of abstinence interruption.

• There is a need to carry out more research in order to better understand the relationship between alcohol dependence and the prevalence of sexual dysfunctions.

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“Pulling hair out of the head” - the importance of traumatic family events in the development and maintenance of trichotillomania symptoms - case report

References 1. World Health Organization. The ICD–10 Classification of Mental and Behavioural Disorders. Geneva: World Health Organization; 1992. 2. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. Fifth edition (DSM-5). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association; 2013. 3. Christenson GA, Pyle RL, Mitchell JE. Estimated lifetime prevalence of trichotillomania in college-students. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry. 1991; 52: 415-417. 4. Cohen LJ, Stein DJ, Simeon D, Spadaccini E, Rosen J, Aronowitz B, Hollander E. Clinical profile

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EASE: Examination of Anomalous Self-Experience

schizophrenia: a phenomenological perspective; W: Kircher T, David A. red., The Self in Neuroscience and Psychiatry. Cambridge; Cambridge University Press: 2003, s. 127-141. 12. Parnas J, Cannon T, Jacobsen B, Schulsinger H, Schulsinger F, Mednick SA. Life-time DSM-IIIR diagnostic outcomes in offspring of schizophrenic mothers: the results from the Copenhagen High Risk Study. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1993; 50: 707-714. 13. Matthysse S, Holzman PS, Gusella JF, Levy DL, Harte CB, Jørgensen Å, et al. Linkage of eye movement dysfunction to chromosome 6p in schizophrenia

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Irritable bowel syndrome – psychiatric issues

References: 1. Fadgyas-Stanculete M. et al.: The relationship between irritable bowel syndrome and psychiatric disorders: from molecular changes to clinical manifestations. Journal of Molecular Psychiatry 2014; 2 (1): 4 2. Hausteiner-Wiehle C., Henningsen P.: Irritable bowel syndrome: relations with functional, mental, and somatoform disorders. World journal of gastroenterology: WJG 2014; 20 (20): 6024–6030 3. Grzesiak M., et al.: The Lifetime Prevalence of Anxiety Disorders Among Patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome. Advances in Clinical and

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Clinical Manifestations of Self-disorders in Schizophrenia Spectrum Conditions

: 5-year follow-up of the Copenhagen Prodromal Study. World Psychiatry, 2011; 10: 200–204. 50. Parnas J., Carter J., Nordgaard J. Premorbid self-disorders and lifetime diagnosis in the schizophrenia spectrum: a prospective high-risk study. Early Interv Psychiatry, 2016; 10: 45-53. 51. Haug E., Øie M., Andreassen O.A., Bratlien U., Raballo A., Nelson B., et al. Anomalous self-experiences contribute independently to social dysfunction in the early phases of schizophrenia and psychotic bipolar disorder. Compr Psychiatry, 2014; 55: 475–82. 52. Skodlar

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Multiple functions and essential roles of nuclear receptor coactivators of bHLH-PAS family

. Bridging structural biology and genetics by computational methods: an investigation into how the R774C mutation in the AR gene can result in complete androgen insensitivity syndrome. Hum Mutat 22, 465-475, 2003. Wu RC, Qin J, Yi P, Wong J, Tsai SY, Tsai MJ, O’Malley BW. Selective phosphorylations of the SRC-3/AIB1 coactivator integrate genomic reponses to multiple cellular signaling pathways. Mol Cell 24, 937-949, 2004. Wu RC, Feng Q, Lonard DM, O’Malley BW. SRC-3 coactivator functional lifetime is regulated by a phospho

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