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Nina Volkmann, Nicole Kemper and Anke Römer

References ADR (2000). ADR-Recommendation 3.1 – Performance test for functional traits of bulls and cows (health, reproduction, lifetime, exterior, milkability). Accessed Apr. 11, 2017 www.adrweb.de/services/files/.../20160412%20ADR-Empfehlung%203.1.pdf Bazeley K.J., Barrett D.C., Williams P.D., Reyher K.K. (2016). Measuring the growth rate of UK dairy heifers to improve future productivity. Vet. J., 212: 9–14. De Rensis F., Scaramuzzi R.F. (2003). Heat stress and seasonal effects on reproduction in the dairy cow – a review. Theriogenology, 60

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Martin Vanek, Filip Mravec, Martin Szotkowski, Dana Byrtusova, Andrea Haronikova, Milan Certik, Volha Shapaval and Ivana Marova

. Carotenoids from Rhodotorula and Phaffia: yeasts of biotechnological importance. J Ind Microbiol Biotechnol 2009; 36:163-180. 5. Kandori H, Sasabe H, MimuroI M. Direct Determination of a Lifetime of the S2 State of Beta-Carotene by Femtosecond Time-Resolved Fluorescence Spectroscopy. J Am Chem Soc 1994; 116:2671-2672. 6. Xia S, Tan C, Zhang Y, Abbas S, Feng B, Zhang X, Qin F. Modulating effect of lipid bilayer–carotenoid interactions on the property of liposome encapsulation. Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces 2015; 128:172-180. 7. Schlee C, Miedl M

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Anna Sawa, Kamil Siatka and Sylwia Krężel-Czopek

References Adamczyk K., Makulska J., Jagusiak W., Węglarz A. (2017). Associations between strain, herd size, age at first calving, culling reason and lifetime performance characteristics in Holstein-Friesian cows. Animal, 11: 327–334. Ahlman T., Berglund B., Rydhmer L., Strandberg E. (2011). Culling reasons in organic and conventional dairy herds and genotype by environment interaction for longevity. J. Dairy Sci., 94: 1568–1575. Bayram B., Yanar M., Akbulut O. (2009). The effect of average daily gain and age at first calving on reproductive and

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Peter Balogh, Wojciech Kapelański, Hanna Jankowiak, Lajos Nagy, Sandor Kovacs, Laszlo Huzsvai, Jozsef Popp, Janos Posta and Angela Soltesz

., Greenacre M. (2007). Correspondence analysis in R, with two- and three-dimensional graphics: The ca package. J. Stat. Soft., 20: 1-13. Nikkil ä M.T., Stalder K.J., Mote B.E., Rothschild M.F., Gunsett F.C., Johnson A.K., Karriker L.A., Boggess M.V., Serenius T.V. (2013). Genetic associations for gilt growth, compositional, and structural soundness traits with sow longevity and lifetime reproductive performance. J. Anim. Sci., 91: 1570-1579. Pluym L., Van Nuffel A., Dewulf J., Cools A., Vangroenweghe F., Van Hoore-beke S., Maes D. (2011

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S.O. Pyskunov, Yu.V. Maksimyk and V.V. Valer

1 Introduction Structural elements of responsible objects function often under long-term static or cyclic force loading. The process of creep or fatigue, accompanied by the gradual accumulation of scattered damage, the formation and growth of macroscopic defects (fracture zones) are occurs under such a loading conditions. This problem, similarly as well as other aspects of reliability analysis [ 1 , 2 , 5 ], is very important for a reliable determination of long-term strength and lifetime. A description of above mentioned processes, which took the name

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Zbigniew Sobek, Jolanta Różańska-Zawieja, Anna Nienartowicz-Zdrojewska and Beata Dybionka

References Agerholm J.S. B endixem C.,Andersen O.Arnbjerg J. (2001). Complex vertebral malformation in Holstein calves. J. Vet. Diagn. Inves., 13: 283-289. Antkowiak I. Pyllewski J. Dorynek Z. (2003). Lifetime production performance and the causes of culling of cows in the “Lubianka” fami (OHZ Lubiana) (in Polish). Anim. Prod. Rev. Pol. Soc. Anim. Prod. 68: 123-130. CRVNL (2013). [<https://www.crv4all.nl/>], last access date: 15-06-2013. CRVNL (2013). [<https://www.global.crv4all.nl/>], last

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Zygmunt Litwińczuk, Paweł Żółkiewski, Witold Chabuz and Przemysław Jankowski

persistencies from producer-recorded health data and test-day yields. J. Dairy Sci., 92: 1785–1795. Archer S.C., McCoy F., Wapenaar W., Green M.J. (2013). Association between somatic cell count early in the first lactation and the lifetime milk yield of cows in Irish dairy herds. J. Dairy Sci., 96: 2951–2959. Archer S.C., McCoy F., Wapenaar W., Green M.J. (2014). Bayesian evaluation of budgets for endemic disease control: An example using management changes to reduce milk somatic cell count early in the first lactation of Irish dairy cows. Prev. Vet. Med., 113: 80

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Magdalena Sobczyńska, Tadeusz Blicharski and Mirosław Tyra

performance. Proc. 20th International Symposium “Animal Science Days”, 19-21.09.2012, Kranjska Gora, Slovenia, pp. 199-203. Gill P. (2007). Nutritional management of the gilt for lifetime productivity - feeding for fitness or fatness? Proc. London Swine Conference, 3-4.04.2007, London, Ontario, pp. 83-99. Hoge M.D., Bates R.O. (2011). Developmental factors that influence sow longevity. J. Anim. Sci., 89: 1238-1245. Holm B., Bakken M., Klemetsdal G., Vangen O. (2004). Genetic correlations between reproduction and production

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Krzysztof Adamczyk, Wojciech Jagusiak and Joanna Makulska

References Adamczyk K., Pokorska J., Makulska J., Earley B., Mazurek M. (2013). Genetic analysis and evaluation of behavioural traits in cattle. Livest. Sci., 154: 1–12. Adamczyk K., Makulska J., Jagusiak W., Węglarz A. (2017). Associations between strain, herd size, age at first calving, culling reason and lifetime performance characteristics in Holstein-Friesian cows. Animal, 11: 327–334. Boichard D., Brochard M. (2012). New phenotypes for new breeding goals in dairy cattle. Animal, 6: 544–550. Buckley F., Lopez-Villalobos N., Heins B

Open access

Roman Wan-Wendner

1 Scope The design of safe and durable concrete structures made from standard as well as high performance concretes, and the maintenance and rehabilitation of the built infrastructure, both require an in-depth understanding of the complex heterogenous aging composite material concrete. Questions pertaining to the ultimate capacity, serviceability, and durability, as time variant problems have to be faced in all phases of a concrete structure’s life-time, from design, operation and maintenance up to demolition. In the design phase, multi-decade predictions