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Body Law and the Body of Law

A Comparative Study of Social Norm Inclusion in Norwegian and American Laws

Christine M. Hassenstab

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Wojciech Pokojski and Paulina Pokojska

Abstract

The article presents the person and works of Georgy Voronoi (1868-1908), the inventor of an original method of diagrams, a student of the famous mathematician Andrey Markov. Georgy Voronoi graduated from the Department of Physics and Mathematics at the University of St. Petersburg, and subsequently worked as a professor of mathematics at the Imperial University of Warsaw. One of his students was the future outstanding Polish mathematician Wacław Sierpiński. In his brief lifetime G. Voronoi published several important scientific articles on number theory. In an almost 100 page paper in French published in 1908 he described a method of diagrams, or polygons, which became known as the method of Voronoi diagrams. In the digital age this method and its modifications found new applications. The entry “Voronoi” is getting more popular on the Internet, and the method of Voronoi diagrams and its modifications are widely described in handbooks and scientific articles. The article presents application of the method in the most popular computer programs from the Geographic Information System (GIS) group and presents examples of its usage in research on geographic space in various scientific disciplines.

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Sandra Valérie Constantin

Abstract

This article questions the relevance of the notion of generation to describe the cohort who lives in Beijing and who was born in the 1980s and early 1990s, after the implementation of the reforms and opening-up policy in China. The analysis relies on 627 questionnaires collected in Beijing in 2010. The sample was stratified by age and sex, and, based on quotas; it was split into five age groups (18-26 year-olds, 33-41 year-olds, 48-56 year-olds, 63-71 year-olds and 78-86 year-olds). The respondents were questioned on their perception of turning points and socio-historical changes that occurred during their lifetime. After having analysed the data in a comparative perspective, we came to conclusion that the word generation is suitable to describe the young people from Beijing born in the 1980s and early 1990s not only because they do share autobiographical and collective historical memories, but also because these memories have by and large taken place between their adolescence and entry into adulthood (supporting the hypothesis of the existence of a reminiscence bump).

Open access

Raissa De Gruttola

., Wan, S. and Walf, K. (eds.). Bible in Modern China: the Literary and Intellectual Impact. Sankt Agustin-Nettetal: Institut Monumenta Serica, pp.101-122. Zetzsche, J. O., 1999a. The Bible in China: the History of the Union Version or the Culmination of Protestant Missionary Bible Translation in China. Sankt Augustin-Nettetal: Monumenta Serica Institute. Zetzsche, J. O., 1999b. The Work of Lifetimes: Why the Union Version Took Nearly Three Decades to Complete. In Eber, I., Wan, S. and Walf, K. (eds.). Bible in Modern China: the Literary

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Jean Chandler

Abstract

In the late 16th century two interesting individuals made substantial contributions to the relatively new genre of the autobiography. In 1595 Bartholomäus Sastrow (1520–1603), a north German burgher, notary, diplomat, and eventually burgomeister of the Hanseatic City of Stralsund, penned his life story. Benvenuto Cellini (1500–1571), goldsmith, soldier, musician and famous Renaissance artist from Florence, wrote his memoir between 1558 and 1563. Though they were born twenty years apart, both men had similar backgrounds. Both were from the lower-middle strata of society but rose to high status, both were widely traveled and directly acquainted with the most powerful individuals of their time (as well as some of the most lowly) and both experienced firsthand some of the most dramatic and important political and military events of the mid-16th century.

Amidst a backdrop of war and severe religious conflict, Sastrow, a German and a Lutheran, traveled to Italy, and Cellini, an Italian Catholic, travelled through Germany to France. This allows us to see each region from both a native and an outsider’s perspective. Both men participated in or were witness to numerous incidents of social violence and warfare during their lifetimes, as described in detail in their memoirs. These accounts give us an opportunity to examine the depiction of incidents of social violence by people who witnessed or participated in them first-hand, allowing us to contrast these episodes with the principles of self-defense as portrayed in the fightbooks. We can also compare these personal anecdotes with documented written and unwritten rules governing dueling, fighting, and the carrying of arms. This will help grant us further insight into the reality of personal armed conflict in the era of the fightbooks, and improve our understanding of their context and meaning.

Open access

Arndt Brendecke

), gained through education, virtues and the holding of office, should be preferred above that of noble blood. Castillo de Bobadilla: Política, p. 31. This was not only an allusion to the popular idea, prevalent in the Siglo de Oro, of a nobleza de letras. Pelorson: Les ›letrados‹, pp. 141–143. Of greater interest is the fact that such a ›special nature‹ of an office holder was supposed to develop over the course of a lifetime. Yet, this nature could take shape only when different elements interacted. Thus, the good corregidor should first have personal aptitudes such

Open access

Valentin Seidler

filled from starting date of 1 June 1945, Reference: CO 1017/268, internal document released in 1984, London 1953–1955. Particularly demobilized soldiers joined the colonial service. Nearly all new recruits of 1945 and 1946 had served with the armed forces. Lee, Colonial Government and Good Government, p. 36. After 1951 the recruitment figures stabilized at a high level. In total the size of the higher colonial service almost doubled in less than ten years (see Figure 1 ). With independence still far away, all new recruits were offered a lifetime employment in the