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Paweł Wiśniewski and Mariusz Kistowski

województwa wielkopolskiego w latach 1960-2009 według metodologii IPCC. Woda-Środowisko-Obszary Wiejskie, 4(40): 203-215. OKRUSZKO H., PIAŚCIK H., 1990, Charakterystyka gleb hydrogenicznych. Wydawnictwo ART, Olsztyn. PRATHER M.J., HSU J., DELUCA N.M., JACKMAN C.H., OMAN L.D., DOUGLASS A.R., FLEMING E.L., STRAHAN S.E., STEENROD S.D., SØVDE O.A., ISAKSEN I.S.A, FROIDEVAUX L., FUNKE B., 2015, Measuring and modeling the lifetime of nitrous oxide including its variability. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 120(11): 5693-5705. SAPEK A., 2008, Emisja

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Wioletta Kamińska

economic growth and well being. Government of Canada, Hull, Quebec. Marx K., 1867 (first published), 1890. Das Kapital. Kritik der politischen Ökonomie (Capital: Critique of political economy). Verlag von Otto Meissner, Hamburg. Mill J.S., 1848 (first published), 1909. The principles of political economy: With some of their applications to social philosophy. Longmans Green & Co., London. Miller H.P., 1960. Annual and lifetime income in relation to education. American Economic Review 50: 962-986. Munich D

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Ilona Svobodová, Antonín Věžník and Michael Král

Abstract

From a global perspective, the growing of grapevines in the Czech Republic is of peripheral importance. For a group of grape-growing villages in southern Moravia, however, the making of wine is bound up with local history, traditions and cultural life, and contributes significantly to the local economy. This paper describes the current status of viticulture in Bohemia and Moravia, addressing changes in the number and structure of wine producers and pointing out some qualitative changes that the business is undergoing. Changing consumer tastes have brought a demand for quality wines of local origin, which cannot be met without high quality care of vineyards throughout the lifetime of the vines. Special attention is given to two alternative ways of tending vineyards - the development of integrated production, and organic viticulture - that are developing rapidly in the Czech Republic even when compared to Austria and Germany

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Józef Koc, Szymon Kobus and Katarzyna Glińska-Lewczuk

The significance of oxbow lakes for the ecosystem of afforested river valleys

The interest in significance of forest areas in water quality improvement has been increasing since creation of biogeochemical barriers became effective tools against the input of pollutants to surface water from diffuse sources. Along meandering river valleys, numerous floodplain lakes often appear as valuable water ecosystems but of advanced eutrophy. Their trophic status depends not only on the hydrological connectivity with the river but also land use in the direct vicinity of the reservoir. Research on water ecosystems in the postglacial river valleys in northern Poland contributed to identification of the role of woodland area in pollutants migration in the valley of the łyna River.

The study on the ecosystem concerned seasonal variation in nutrient concentrations (N and P) and bottom sediments properties in relation to hydrological conditions (water level fluctuations). Based on the collected data we attempted prediction of the reservoir lifetime. Depending on hydrological, geological and topographic conditions the origin of water supply of the basin is changing. Annual water level fluctuations in the range of 200 cm cause the basin capacity variation as much as 5 times. Nevertheless, water quality in the lake was conditioned by the riverine supply, the significant share in the lake feeding has groundwater supply from hillslope aquifer and seepage through alluvial aquifer. Contribution of every origin supply depends on river flow rate and valley water level, it depends on alluvial ground formations permeability and relief. Hillslope erosion of the concave bank was responsible for high nitrogen and phosphorus outflows. The research showed that primary and secondary production and freshets contributed to intensive deposition of bottom sediments in oxbow lake. The increase rate of sediment determined on the base of matter balance was 10 times higher than deposition rate of bottom sediments in glacial lakes. The accelerated processes of silting-up and shallowing and terrestialization of the valuable ecosystems indicate the necessity of floodpain lakes protection due to ecological functions they play in forestry landscape.

Open access

Burak Beyhan

–1191. HEMMASI, M. (1980): The Identification of Functional Regions Based on Lifetime Migration Data: A Case Study of Iran. Economic Geography, 56(3): 223–233. HINCKS, S., WONG, C. (2010): The Spatial Interaction of Housing and Labour Markets: Commuting Flow Analysis of North West England. Urban Studies, 47(3): 620–649. HOLMES, J. H., HAGGETT, P. (1977): Graph theory interpretation of flow matrices: a note on maximization procedures for identifying significant links. Geographical Analysis, 9(4): 388–399. ICHIM, D., FRANCONI, L., D’ALÒ, M. VAN DEN HEUVEL, G

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Rüdiger Wink

Application possibilities of the micro-meso-macro framework in economic geography Utrecht = Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography 1115 Seery, M.D.; Holman, E.A.; Silver, R.C. (2010): Whatever does not kill us: Cumulative lifetime adversity, vulnerability, and resilience. In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 99 (6), 1025–1041. Seery M.D. Holman E.A. Silver R.C. 2010 Whatever does not kill us: Cumulative lifetime adversity, vulnerability, and resilience Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 99 6 1025 1041 Simmie, J

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Leszek Butowski

analytic hierarchy process. New York, McGraw. SAATY, T. L. (1982): Decision making for leaders. Lifetime learning publications. Belmont, Wadsworth. SAATY, T. L. (1987): The analytic hierarchy process - what it is and how it is used. Mathematical Modelling, 9(3–5): 161–176. SAATY, T. L. (1995): Decision making for leaders. The analytical hierarchy process for decisions in a complex world. Pittsburgh, RWS publications. SAATY, T. L. (2008): Decision making with the analytic hierarchy process. International Journal of Services Sciences, 1(1): 83

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Claudia R. Binder, Christof Knoeri and Maria Hecher

investments in envelope renovation and in new heating technologies ( Friege/Chappin 2014 ). These are dependent, for instance, on the lifetime of buildings, building age, technology development (e. g. heating systems), technology adoption, and the end-use behavior of individuals ( UNEP 2009 ; Knoeri/Steinberger/Roelich 2015 ). There is still little knowledge on how scenarios of envelope renovation rates, legislative standards, and heating technology adoption affect the demand for different energy carriers over time. Some studies have analyzed whether hypothesized future

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Jörn Birkmann and Mark Fleischhauer

( UNDP 2007 , S. 168ff.). Auf europäischer Ebene ist das Grünbuch zur Anpassung an den Klimawandel (2007) ein zentrales Dokument, welches den Begriff wie folgt in Beziehung setzt: „Ensuring the sustainability of investments over their entire lifetime taking explicit account of a changing climate is often referred to as ‚climate proofing‘“ ( EU-Kommission 2007 , S. 3). Eine umfassende Auseinandersetzung mit dem Begriff erfolgt im Nationalen Niederländischen Forschungsprogramm „Climate changes Spatial Planning“: „From an engineering perspective, climate

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Jean Peyrony and Olivier Denert

the various territorial scales: local, regional authorities, states, and the European level (the European union and the council of europe). Functionally, “local” refers to the scale of daily life: housing, commuting, working, accessing basic services, “regional” refers to the smallest spatial scale that can contain activities of a whole lifetime: areas where one is born, grows up, studies, works and retires. it includes the availability of services such as airports, stations serving high-speed trains, universities, hospitals, key cultural establishments, and natural