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Valentin Gornoava, Gheorghe Ion Gheorghe and Liliana-Laura Badita

Abstract

The main objectives of the present project are to study and to improve mechanical properties of different systems from mechatronic and biomedical domains, in order to increase their functionality and life span. This is why nanostructured thin films (e.g. Al, Cr, Ti, Ti/Al multilayers) were deposited on different steel substrates, used in mechatronic and biomedical applications. By the characterization of coated surfaces of the products used in various fields such as medicine, mechatronics, electronics, etc. depends their proper operation, durability and reliability. This is the main reason why, we studied new types of layers and multilayers using Atomic Force Microscopy and scratch tests. The main result of the realized tests is that all studied nanostructured thin films offer the possibility of increasing the lifetime of substrates, being an important factor for proper functional operation, durability and reliability of the final systems in which they are used.

Open access

Liliana-Laura Badita, Gheorghe Gheorghe, Vasile Bratu, Valentin Gornoava, Marian Vocurek, Aurel Zapciu and Iulian Sorin Munteanu

Abstract

Taking into account the importance of mechatronic applications, researches regarding the possibility to improve the lifetime of mechatronic components were made. Nanostructured metallic thin films (Ti, Cr, Al and Ti/Al multilayer) were deposited on different types of steel substrates, because nanomaterials have exceptional properties in relation to the common materials. In this paper a part of the results obtained after mechanical and topographic characterization of the thin films are presented. Cr is the deposited thin film showing the highest hardness on the surface of steel substrate type OSC. After the scratch tests realized, Ti layer presented the best adhesion on all types of steel substrates used in experiments. The results of these researches could be extremely useful for engineers in the mechatronic field.

Open access

Mihai-Constantin Balaşa, Ştefan Cuculici, Cosmin Panţu, Simona Mihai, Alexis-Daniel Negrea, Mihai-Octavian Zdrafcu, Dorin-Dacian Leţ, Viviana Filip and Ştefan Cristea

Abstract

Designing orthopedic implants with a long lifespan is essential for improving patients’ quality of life. It is necessary to develop new products with a high degree of personalization for the human body. Physicians and engineers analyzed the geometry and behavior of healthy joints’ motion under specific load conditions as well as the behavior over time and lifetime of orthopedic implants fitted to patients to improve their quality. The paper presents the way in which three-dimensional modeling techniques using specialized software (Catia, SolidWorks) can be combined with reverse engineering techniques (3D scanning) to optimize the design of orthopedic implants. The design of an implant consists of its three-dimensional modeling, as well as simulation of its integration into the human body, in order to analyze its behavior during motion. Therefore, it is necessary not only to 3D model the parts that make up the implant itself, but also to 3D model the bone to which the implant will be fitted. The paper highlights the complementarity of the classic modeling techniques with the reverse engineering techniques, which is necessary because the design of the parts that make up the implant itself can be achieved by specialized software modeling techniques, while the bones, having complex geometries, are better suited to 3D Modeling by scanning.