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V. Kumar, R. Venkatesan and B. Rajan

References Donkers, B., Peter C. Verhoef and M.G. de Jong (2007), “Modeling CLV: A Test of Competing Models in the Insurance Industry”, Quantitative Marketing and Economics, Vol. 5, No. 2. (June 2007), pp. 163 - 190. Kumar, V., Denish Shah and Rajkumar Venkatesan (2006), “Managing Retailer Profitability - One Customer at a Time!” Journal of Retailing, 82(4), pp. 277 - 294. Kumar, V., Rajkumar Venkatesan, Tim Bohling and Denise Beckmann (2008), “The Power of CLV: Managing Customer Lifetime Value at IBM

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Why Do We Do What We Do?

Motivation in History and the Social Sciences

Ramsay MacMullen

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María Inés Nin Márquez

Abstract

This document exposes the conflict from the Post-Rational cognitive perspective, understanding the conflict as a relational phenomenon, which emerges when the need of recognition is exposed to its contrary: the non-recognition. “To know oneself” means in fact, to recognize oneself through the mediation of the other (Castiglioni, 2008). An individual develops himself by recognizing the “otherness” that constitutes him. The self (idem/identity) that goes out toward the other and then returns as ipse/selfhood, having acquired self-awareness through the other (Ricoeur, 1993). For this reason, recognition is a fundamental element in the building of human subjectivity (Honneth 1997). Identity is a continuous process that lasts a lifetime. It contains a central nucleus that ensures continuity by which a person is able to recognize him/ herself. In this way individuals learn to define who they are through interactions with others, especially those whom are more significant. Being recognized by others and by the environment offer the individual a sense of unity and coherence about himself. Conflict arises when the other or the environment becomes a threat to the survival of the subjectivity; when the absence or lack of recognition leads to harm in a person (Tello, 2011). Relational experiences are able to engender and ensure recognition, while holding onto an indispensable acceptance of individual differences. They thus allow each one to bring forth their own unique identity.

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Beata Bieszk-Stolorz

). The statistical analysis of failure time data. 2nd Edition. New York: Wiley. Klein, J.P. & Moeschberger, M.L. (2003). Survival Analysis. Techniques for Censored and Truncated Data. 2nd Edition. New York: Springer. Kleinbaum, D.G. & Klein, M. (2005). Survival Analysis. 2nd Edition, New York: Springer. Kraus, D. (2007). Data-driven smooth tests of the proportional hazards assumption. Lifetime Data Analysis, 13: 1-16. Kvaløy, J.T. & Neef, L.R. (2004). Tests for the Proportional Intensity Assumption Based

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Mara Inés Nin Márquez

Abstract

Human identity is a complex process linked to the subject and his environment, both constantly evolving. Personality is developed and changed throughout lifetime, but it has a core that remains constant.

Thus a person can secure his continuity; he recognizes himself and is recognized by the others as time goes by. In fact, we are all the same, even after experiencing changes and years later.

The constitution of the other and the self are – from the phenomenological point of view – two components of the same process, which is the origin of the subjectivity of self and the objectivity of me. These are conditions for the identity’s construction, a continuous process that takes place throughout time. (Ballerini, 2005)

Human tendency to the community emerges with priority from the above definition. That deep desire of being part of a social group interprets others as constituent of the identity of the self. (Pulcini, 2002)

“Having an identity” actually means not only a set of characteristics noticed by ourselves after actions done or the “image” of us, but also to be recognized by the rest of society. (Andrea, 2004)

Therefore, community turns out in the ultimate horizon that responds to an individual’s recognition need.

The recognition of self by me is linked to the issue of the recognition of self through the other until mutual recognition as reciprocal act is reached. (Ricoeur, 2005)

Hence, “gift” becomes an emblem of mutual recognition, highlighting the relational and inter-subjective structure of the person.

The identity development goes through the mutual recognition experience and gift. (Castiglioni, 2008)

Somebody who gives himself recognizes the others and simultaneously, participates in his constitution and his self-understanding.

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Sulaimon Olanrewaju Adebiyi, Emmanuel Olateju Oyatoye and Joseph Nnamdi Mojekwu

. R. (1997). Markov Chains . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Oyatoye, E. O.; Adebiyi, S. O.; Amole. B. B. (2015). Modeling switching behaviour of Nigeria global system for mobile communication multiple SIMs subscribers’ using Markov chain analysis. The IUP Journal of Operations Management 14(1): 7–31. Reinartz, W. J.; Kumar, V. (2003). The impact of customer relationship characteristics on profitable lifetime duration. Journal of Marketing 67(1): 77–99. SAS Institute. (2000). Best Practice in Churn Prediction . A SAS Institute White

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Beata Bieszk-Stolorz

independence of competing risks when failure times are discrete. Lifetime Data Analysis, 2 (2), 195-209. DOI: 10.1007/BF00128575. Crowder, M. (1997). A test for independence of competing risks with discrete failure times. Lifetime Data Analysis, 3 (3), 215-223. DOI: 10.1023/A:1009696830515. Gooley, T.A., Leisenring, W., Crowley, J., Storer, B.E. (1999). Estimation of failure probabilities in the presence of competing risks: new representations of old estimators. Statistics in Medicine, 18 (6), 695-706. DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1097

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Marianna Greta and Mieczysław Pakosz

. Kyrylych Y. (2015), Macroeconomic Strategy of Ukrainian Behaviour in: Contemporary trends in international relations: politics, economics, law: Collection of the materials of the IV Annual International Scientific-Practical Conference, Lviv. Razumkov Centre Report (2015), Ukraine 2014: A Year of Hardship, Kyiv. National Statistics Service of Ukraine: ukrstat.gov.ua . Sachs J. D. (2005), The End of Poverty. How We Can Make It Happen in Our Lifetime , Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN SA, Warsaw. Szczerbaniuk O. (2013), Modernisation of national

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Georgeta Vintilă and Ioana Laura Ţibulcă

Rogers, D.L., 1993. Who Bears the Lifetime Tax Burden?. Brookings Institution Press, Washington DC. Goulder, L.H. and Williams, R.C., 2003. The Substantial Bias from Ignoring General Equilibrium Effects in Estimating Excess Burden, and a Practical Solution. Journal of Political Economy, 111 (4), p. 898-927. Harding, A. and Warren, N., 1999. Who Pays the Tax Burden in Australia?. University of Canberra, [online] http://utah.natsem.canberra.edu.au/storage/dp39.pdf Karageorgas, D., 1973. The Distribution of Tax Burden by

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Jiří Balcar, Lenka Filipová and Zuzana Machová

a Synthetic Lifetime. In Elisabetta Ruspini and Angela Dale. The Gender Dimension of Social Change (pp. 111-131). Bristol: The Policy Press. JUHN, C., MURPHY, K. M., PIRCE, B. (1993). Wage Inequality and the Rise in Returns to Skill. Journal of Political Economy , 101(3), pp. 410-442. JURAJDA, Š. (2005). Gender segregation and wage gap: An east-west comparison. Journal of the European Economic Association , 3(2-3), pp. 598-607. JURAJDA, Š. (2003). Gender wage gap and segregation in enterprises and the public